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Expectations and synergies with the CGIAR Livestock and Fish Research Program. The Goal : More milk, meat and fish by and for the poor. To sustainably increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems

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Expectations and synergies

with the CGIAR Livestock and Fish Research Program


TheGoal:

Moremilk, meat and fish by and for the poor

  • To sustainably increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems

  • To increase the availability and affordability of animal-source foods for poor consumers and,

  • To reduce poverty through greater participation by the poor along the whole value chains for animal-source foods.


The approach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact

We propose an integrated value-chain approach for focused impact . . .

R4D integrated to transform selected value chains

for selected commodities in selected countries.

Value chain development team + research partners

Consumers


Approach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact

  • . . . combined with strategic cross-cutting platforms for scaling out.

R4D integrated to transform selected value chains

for selected commodities in selected countries.

Major intervention with development partners

Value chain development team + research partners

  • Strategic CRP 3.7 Cross-cutting Platforms

  • Technology Generation

  • Market Innovation

  • Targeting & Impact

Consumers

INTERVENTIONS TO SCALE OUT REGIONALLY

GLOBAL RESEARCH PUBLIC GOODS


Delivering crp3 7 livestock fish
Delivering CRP3.7 Livestock + Fish

Structure: Integrated research themes

Targeting, Gender, Impact assessment

Value chain development

Technology Development:

− Genetics

− Feeds

− Health

Commodity X in Country Y

Cross-cutting: M&E, communications, capacity building

Consumers


FOCUS: 9 Target Value Chains in 8 countries

SHEEP & GOATS

AQUACULTURE

PIGS

DAIRY


Criteria and rationale for choosing the commodities and countries
Criteria and rationale for choosing the commodities and countries

  • Growth and market opportunity

    • Huge and increasing demand for the commodity

    • High potential to raise productivity and off-take rate in smallholder flocks

  • Pro-poor potential

    • High number of poor smallholders and value chain actors involved in production

    • Good income opportunity for women headed households

  • Researchable supply constraints

    • Shortage and fluctuation of feed supply

    • Poor animal hygiene and diseases (high lamb/kid mortality)

    • Lack of sustainable organizational structures for breeder and producer groups

    • Poor market infrastructure and institutional arrangements


Expected outputs from VCD in L&F

  • Framework for situational analysis of the respective sectors

  • Generic tools for rapid and in-depth VCA developed and tested for 3 commodities (dairy cattle, small ruminants and pigs)

  • Tools for rapid integrated assessment of food safety and nutrition (in collaboration with CRP 4 Animal Health and Nutrition)

  • Strategies for partnership development and involvement – innovation systems/platforms

  • Strategies for outscaling developed (based on partnerships, targeting and impact assessment)


Expected outputs from Technology Development

  • Open access databases (NIRS equations, feeds, successes and failures in technology development, AnGR)

  • Tools for rapid assessment of feeding systems and feed intervention screening (FEAST and TechFit)

  • Diagnostic toolkit for animal diseases

  • Demand-driven solutions for feeding, breeding and animal health constraints identified in the VCs

  • Vaccine development (PPR success story)

  • Insights in genetics of adaptation (long-term)


Tanzania Dairy Cattle VC outputs in 2012

  • Formation of the Dairy Development Forum

    • an informal mechanism for vertical coordination of field activities and co-creating solutions at national and milk-shed levels

    • membership across all key public and private sector players in the dairy sector.

  • Situational analysis report establishing a baseline for the sector

  • Tools developed to identify potential interventions for improved dairy value chain performance

  • Review of past successes and failures in dairy development interventions

  • Potential interventions best bets for improved VC performance


Ethiopia Sheep and goat VC outputs

  • Toolkit for rapid VCA for sheep and goat in Ethiopia

  • By mid April 2013 for seven sheep and goat VC sites:

  • Site descriptions, rapid VCA reports, draft intervention plans

  • Cross-cutting research issues identified and prioritized

  • Process of partnership development with different stakeholders

  • Pilot breeding programs for smallholders developed and implemented

  • Feeding system assessments and feed intervention screening tested at two sites


Selected sheep and goat VC sites in Ethiopia


Identified constraints in Atsbi sheep

  • Lack of awareness and skills on improved sheep production practices

  • Feed shortage in quality and quantity and lack of planting material and forage seeds

  • Unidentified and high incidence of disease and parasites

  • Shortage of  Animal health service delivery (drug supply, service availability, skills)

  • Lack of vertical and horizontal linkages of sheep producers (missing linkage among producers and with other actors)

  • Seasonality of supply of sheep

  • Lack of supply of quality sheep: low dressing percentage, red offal often condemned due to disease and parasites


Expectations from LIVES (synergies)

  • Joint research and intervention plans for shared sites (Atsbi sheep VC)

  • Joint learning across sites for sheep and goat value chains in Ethiopia and dairy cattle VC across countries (including IPMS results)

  • Outscaling of successful interventions developed by L & F

  • Joint development of technical training courses related to action research

  • Dialogue on pathways to impact

  • Joint Development of Monitoring and Evaluation Systems

  • Joint development of Communication strategies



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