Using quotations effectively
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Using Quotations Effectively. The ICE Method. What is ICE?. Three Elements: I-C-E I ntroduce C ite E xplain Sample Question: What makes Fahrenheit 451 relevant to contemporary readers?. How do you “ Introduce ”?. Provide the context Connect to topic sentence and thesis

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Using Quotations Effectively

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Using quotations effectively

Using Quotations Effectively

The ICE Method


What is ice

What is ICE?

  • Three Elements: I-C-E

    • Introduce

    • Cite

    • Explain

  • Sample Question:

    • What makes Fahrenheit 451 relevant to contemporary readers?


How do you introduce

How do you “Introduce”?

  • Provide the context

  • Connect to topic sentence and thesis

  • Preview what the quote says


How do you introduce1

How do you “Introduce”?

  • In Fahrenheit 451, Ray Bradbury illustrates the consequences of living in a society where people cease to think independently. An example of this portrayal appears when Beatty discusses his goal of eliminating critical debate and multiple perspectives.


How do you cite

How do you “Cite”?

  • Provide the quotation

  • MLA Format requires parenthetical citation


How do you cite1

How do you “Cite”?

  • Beatty tells Montag, “If you don’t want a man unhappy politically, don’t give him two sides to a question to worry him; give him one. Better yet, give him none” (Bradbury 58).


How do you cite2

How do you “Cite”?

  • MLA Format and Parenthetical Citations

    • Quotations marks after last word, before parenthesis

    • Punctuation after parenthetical citation (final parenthesis)

    • Author’s name if not mentioned in sentence

    • Page number – just the number, no “p.” or “pg” or other designation


How do you explain

How do you “Explain”?

  • Discuss the quotation

  • Focus on specific words or ideas

  • Establish connections to topic sentence and thesis


How do you explain1

How do you “Explain”?

  • Beatty believes that people who see only one side of an issue will feel intelligent, even though they do not evaluate the pros and cons of the issue. In reality, these people will resemble human robots who accept anything the government tells them. A vibrant democracy, in contrast, requires people to explore multiple views.


Let s put ice together

Let’s put ICE together

  • In Fahrenheit 451, Ray Bradbury illustrates the consequences of living in a society where people cease to think independently. An example of this portrayal appears when Beatty discusses his goal of eliminating critical debate and multiple perspectives. Beatty tells Montag, “If you don’t want a man unhappy politically, don’t give him two sides to a question to worry him; give him one. Better yet, give him none” (Bradbury 58). Beatty believes that people who see only one side of any issue will feel intelligent, even though they do not evaluate the pros and cons of the issue. In reality, however, these people will resemble human robots who accept anything the government tells them. A vibrant democracy, in contrast, requires people to explore multiple views.


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