Download

Osteoporosis






Advertisement
/ 62 []
Download Presentation
Comments
idana
From:
|  
(1153) |   (0) |   (0)
Views: 112 | Added:
Rate Presentation: 0 0
Description:
Osteoporosis. “No Bones About It”. No Bones About It. Typical comments from people with osteoporosis. “I’ve lost six inches in height and none of my clothes fit me anymore.”. Comments. “It’s hard to get clothes that look nice when my back is so hunched over.”. Comments.
Osteoporosis

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only and may not be sold or licensed nor shared on other sites. SlideServe reserves the right to change this policy at anytime. While downloading, If for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.











- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -




Mature adults osteoporosis presentationSlide 1

Osteoporosis

“No Bones About It”

No bones about itSlide 2

No Bones About It

Mature adults osteoporosis presentationSlide 3

Typical comments from people with osteoporosis

“I’ve lost six inches in height and none of my clothes fit me anymore.”

CommentsSlide 4

Comments

“It’s hard to get clothes that look nice when my back is so hunched over.”

Mature adults osteoporosis presentationSlide 5

Comments

“What will I do if I have to give up driving?”

Mature adults osteoporosis presentationSlide 6

Comments

“Medications are expensive. But I can’t afford to let my condition get worse and this medicine will help stop or slow down the bone loss.”

Mature adults osteoporosis presentationSlide 7

Comments

“If somebody had told me sooner what I know now about osteoporosis, none of this might be happening to me!”

Mature adults osteoporosis presentationSlide 8

Overview

Osteoporosis causes weak bones. In this common disease, bones lose minerals like calcium. They become fragile and break easily.

Normal

Bone

Bone with

Osteoporosis

Source: The 2004 Surgeon General’s Report on Bone Health and Osteoporosis: What It Means to You at http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/bonehealth

Osteoporosis the most common bone diseaseSlide 9

OsteoporosisThe Most Common Bone Disease

  • Characterized by low bone mass and deterioration of bone structure

  • Not a natural part of aging

  • Increased risk for women, post-menopausal, over age 65

  • All races, sexes, and ages are susceptible

  • Preventable and treatable!

The silent diseaseSlide 10

The “silent disease”

  • Often called the “silent disease”

  • Bone loss occurs without symptoms

    • First sign may be a fracture due to weakened bones

    • A sudden strain or bump can break a bone

The problem in americaSlide 11

The problem in America

  • Major health threat for an estimated 44 million (55%) of people 50 years and older

  • 10 million estimated to have osteoporosis

  • 34 million have low bone mass placing them at risk

  • 1 in 2 women and 1 in 4 men over 50 will have an osteoporosis-related fracture

Source: National Osteoporosis Foundation Web site; retrieved July 2005 at http://www.nof.org

Mature adults osteoporosis presentationSlide 12

A woman’s hip fracture risk equals her combined risk of breast, uterine and ovarian cancer.

Source: National Osteoporosis Foundation Web site; retrieved July 2005 at http://www.nof.org

Mature adults osteoporosis presentationSlide 13

Hip fractures account for 300,000 hospitalizations annually.

People who break a hipmight not recover formonths or even years.

Source: The 2004 Surgeon General’s Report on Bone Health and Osteoporosis: What It Means to You at http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/bonehealth

Mature adults osteoporosis presentationSlide 14

1 in 5 people with a hip fracture end up in a nursing home within a year.

Some people never walk again.

Source: The 2004 Surgeon General’s Report on Bone Health and Osteoporosis: What It Means to You at http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/bonehealth

Mature adults osteoporosis presentationSlide 15

The most common breaks in weak bones are in the wrist, spine and hip.

Source: The 2004 Surgeon General’s Report on Bone Health and Osteoporosis: What It Means to You at http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/bonehealth

Why are healthy bones importantSlide 16

Why Are Healthy Bones Important?

  • Strong bones support us and allow us to move

  • Bones are a storehouse for vital minerals

  • Strong bones protect our heart, lungs, brain and other organs

Mature adults osteoporosis presentationSlide 17

  • After mid-30’s, you begin to slowly lose bone mass.

  • Women lose bone mass faster after menopause.

  • Men lose bone mass too.

Source: The 2004 Surgeon General’s Report on Bone Health and Osteoporosis: What It Means to You at http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/bonehealth

Mature adults osteoporosis presentationSlide 18

You’re never too young or old to improve bone health!

Risk factorsSlide 19

Risk factors

If you have any of these “red flags,” you could be at high risk for weak bones. Talk to your health care professional.

Source: The 2004 Surgeon General’s Report on Bone Health and Osteoporosis: What It Means to You at http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/bonehealth

Mature adults osteoporosis presentationSlide 20

1

  • I’m older than 65

  • I’ve broken a bone after age 50

  • My close relative has osteoporosis or has .broken a bone

  • My health is “fair” or “poor”

  • I smoke

  • I am underweight for my height

Mature adults osteoporosis presentationSlide 21

2

  • I started menopause before age 45

  • I've never gotten enough calcium

  • I have more than two drinks of alcohol .several times a week

  • I have poor vision, even with glasses

  • I sometimes fall

  • I'm not active

Mature adults osteoporosis presentationSlide 22

3

I have one of these medical conditions:

  • Hyperthyroidism

  • Chronic lung disease

  • Cancer

  • Inflammatory bowel disease

  • Chronic liver or kidney disease

  • Hyperparathyroidism

  • Vitamin D deficiency

  • Cushing's disease

  • Multiple sclerosis

  • Rheumatoid arthritis

Mature adults osteoporosis presentationSlide 23

4

I take one of these medicines:

  • Oral glucocorticoids (steroids)

  • Cancer treatments (radiation, chemotherapy)

  • Thyroid medicine

  • Antiepileptic medications

  • Gonadal hormone suppression

  • Immunosuppressive agents

The good news osteoporosis is preventable for most peopleSlide 24

The good news: Osteoporosis is preventable for most people!

  • Healthy diet and lifestyle are important for BOTH men and women.

  • If you have osteoporosis, your doctor can detect and treat it

Simple prevention stepsSlide 25

Simple Prevention Steps

The Surgeon General recommends five simple steps to bone health and osteoporosis prevention …

Step 1Slide 26

Step 1

Get your daily recommended amounts of calcium and vitamin D.

Use MyPyramid.gov to help plan an overall healthy diet

Step 2Slide 27

Step 2

Be physically active everyday

Improve strength and balance

Even simple activities such as walking, stair climbing and dancing can strengthen bones.

Step 3Slide 28

12 oz.

5 oz.

1.5 oz.

Step 3

Avoid smoking and excessive alcohol.

MyPyramid.gov recommends no more than 1 drink per day for women and 2 for men.

Step 4Slide 29

Step 4

Talk to your doctor about bone health.

Step 5Slide 30

Step 5

Have a bone density test

and take medication

when appropriate.

Source of photo: USDA ARS Photo Unit Photo by Peggy Greb

Testing is a simple, painless procedure.

Food and supplement labelsSlide 31

Food and supplement labels

Assess calcium and vitamin D intake by using food and supplement labels.

Calcium requirements for 50 yearsSlide 32

Calcium Requirements for 50+ Years

Goal

Source: The 2004 Surgeon General’s Report on Bone Health and Osteoporosis: What It Means to You at http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/bonehealth

Nutrition labels calciumSlide 33

Nutrition labels & calcium

  • FDA uses “Percent Daily Value” (% DV) to describe amount of calcium needed by general U.S. population daily

  • 120% DV for calcium = 1,200 mg

  • Look for this label:

    • “Nutrition Facts” on foods

    • “Supplement Facts” on vitamin/mineral supplements

You need more vitamin d as you ageSlide 34

You need more vitamin D as you age

Daily vitamin D needs in International Units (IU)

Age

Calcium vitamin d recommendationsSlide 35

Calcium & vitamin D recommendations

  • 51 - 70 years1,200 mg calcium (120% DV)400 IU vitamin D (100% DV)

  • 70 and older1,200 mg calcium (120% DV)600 IU vitamin D (150% DV)

Percent daily value dv of calcium in common foodsSlide 36

Percent Daily Value (DV) of calcium in common foods

Approximate % DV for foods based in part on The 2004 Surgeon General’s Report on Bone Health and Osteoporosis: What It Means to You at http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/bonehealth

Dv calcium milk groupSlide 37

% DV calcium: Milk group

  • Yogurt1 cup (8 oz.) = 30% DV

  • Milk1 cup = 30% DV

  • Cheese1 ½ oz. natural/2 oz. processed = 30% DV

  • Milk pudding1/2 cup = 15% DV

  • Frozen yogurt, vanilla, soft serve½ cup = 10% DV

  • Ice cream, vanilla½cup = 8% DV

  • Soy or rice milk, calcium-fortified1 cup = varies—check label

Choose fat-free or low fat most often

Dv calcium grain products groupSlide 38

% DV calcium: Grain products group

  • Cereal, calcium- fortifiedServing size and amount of calcium varies—check label

Calcium-fortified

Dv calcium vegetable groupSlide 39

% DV calcium: Vegetable group

  • Broccoli, raw1 cup = 9% DV

  • Collards1/2 cup = 20% DV

  • Turnip greens, boiled1/2 cup = 10% DV

Dv calcium fruit groupSlide 40

% DV calcium: Fruit group

  • Orange juice and other calcium-fortified beverages6 oz. = 20 to 30% DV, varies—check label

Look for 100% juice

Dv calcium meat beans groupSlide 41

% DV calcium: Meat & Beans Group

  • Baked beans1 cup= 14% DV

  • Salmon, canned, with edible bones3 oz. = 18% DV

  • Sardines, canned, in oil, with edible bones3 oz. = 32% DV

  • Soybeans, cooked1 cup = 26%

  • Tofu, firm, with calcium ½ cup = 20% DV; check label

What about vitamin dSlide 42

What about Vitamin D?

Main dietary sources of vitamin D are:

  • Fortified milk (400 IU per quart)

  • Some fortified cereals

  • Cold saltwater fish (Example: salmon, halibut, herring, tuna, oysters and shrimp)

  • Some calcium and vitamin/mineral supplements

Vitamin d from sunlight exposureSlide 43

Vitamin D from sunlight exposure

  • Vitamin D is manufactured in your skin following direct exposure to sun.

  • Amount varies with time of day, season, latitude and skin pigmentation.

  • 10–15 minutes exposure of hands, arms and face 2–3 times/week may be sufficient (depending on skin sensitivity).

  • Clothing, sunscreen, window glass and pollution reduce amount produced.

Source: National Osteoporosis Foundation Web site; retrieved July 2005 at http://www.nof.org

Help for the lactose intolerantSlide 44

Help for the lactose-intolerant

Some people lack the enzyme lactase needed to digest lactose (milk sugar).

When you don t like to drink milkSlide 45

When you don’t like to “drink” milk

Calcium supplement considerationsSlide 46

Calcium supplement considerations

Calcium carbonate vs citrateSlide 47

Calcium carbonate

Needs acid to dissolve and for absorption

Less stomach acid as we age

Often taken at meals when more stomach acid

Calcium citrate

Doesn’t require stomach acid for absorption

May be taken anytime—check with your healthcare provider

May cost more

Calcium carbonate vs. citrate

Vitamin d necessary for calcium absorptionSlide 48

Vitamin D necessary for calcium absorption

  • Choose a supplement with vitamin D unless obtaining vitamin D from other sources.

  • Follow age group recommendation. Avoid goingover a daily combined total of 2,000 IU or 50 mcg from foodand supplements.

  • It’s not necessary to consume calcium and vitamin D at the same time to get the benefit of enhanced calcium absorption.

Vitamin D is like a key that unlocks the door and lets calcium into the body.

Limit calcium to 500 mg at a timeSlide 49

Limit calcium to 500 mg at a time

Our bodies can best handle about 500 mg calcium at one time from food and/or supplements.

Spread your calcium sources throughout the day.

Increase amount slowlySlide 50

Increase amount slowly

  • Start supplements with 500 mg calcium daily for about a week, gradually adding more.

  • Gas and constipation can be side effects:

    • Increase fluids and high fiber foods if diet is low in whole grains and fruits and vegetables.

    • Try a different type of supplement if side effects continue.

MedicationsSlide 51

Medications

  • Bisphosphonates

    • (Fosamax®) - Alendronate &

      Alendronate with Calcium

    • (Boniva®) - Ibandronate (Updated 2006)

    • (Actonel®) - Risedronate & Risedronate with Calcium

  • (Miacalcin®) Calcitonin

  • Estrogen Therapy/Hormone Therapy

  • Parathyroid Hormone (PTH 1-34)

  • Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator (SERM)

    • (Evista®) Raloxifene

  • Source:

    Physician’s Guide to Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis. 2nd ed. Washington, DC: National Osteoporosis Foundation; 2003.

    Osteoporosis falls break bonesSlide 52

    OsteoporosisFalls Break Bones

    You can prevent most falls

    Protect your bones ways to make your home saferSlide 53

    Protect Your Bones Ways to Make Your Home Safer

    Protect your bones ways to make your home safer1Slide 54

    Protect Your Bones Ways to Make Your Home Safer

    Protect your bones falls preventionSlide 55

    Protect Your BonesFalls Prevention

    Annual medication

    review

    Hip fracture prevention falling how do younger adults fallSlide 56

    Hip Fracture Prevention: Falling How do Younger Adults Fall?

    Hip fracture prevention falling how do older adults fallSlide 57

    Hip Fracture Prevention: Falling How do Older Adults Fall?

    Hip fracture prevention hip protectorsSlide 58

    Hip Fracture Prevention: Hip Protectors

    Bone health building blocksSlide 59

    Bone Health Building Blocks

    Bone health oral healthSlide 60

    Bone Health & Oral Health

    • Oral health care is important.

    • Bone loss in the jaw and osteoporosis have been linked

    • The loss of bone supporting the jaw and anchoring our teeth can lead to loose teeth, tooth loss and ill fitting dentures.

    • Your dentist may be the first health professional to suspect osteoporosis.

    • Women with osteoporosis have been reported to have 3 x more tooth loss than women without the disease.

    Oral health continuedSlide 61

    The National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Disease Steps for Healthy Bones

    Eat a well-balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D.

    Live a healthy lifestyle. Don’t smoke, and if you choose to drink alcohol, do so in moderation.

    Engage in regular physical activity or exercise. Weight-bearing activities, such as walking, jogging, dancing, and lifting weights, are the best for strong bones.

    Report any problems with loose teeth, detached or receding gums, and loose or ill-fitting dentures to your dentist and doctor.

    ORAL HEALTH Continued

    For more informationSlide 62

    For more information

    • The 2004 Surgeon General’s Report on Bone Health and Osteoporosis: What It Means to Youhttp://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/bonehealth

    • National Osteoporosis Foundation http://www.nof.org

    Thanks to University of Nebraska–Lincoln Extension educational programs


    Copyright © 2014 SlideServe. All rights reserved | Powered By DigitalOfficePro