the book of daniel
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The Book of Daniel. Chaps 1-6 stories; chaps 7-12 visions Chaps 1, 8-12 Hebrew; chaps 2-7 Aramaic Three parts of Old Testament canon: Law 400, Prophets 200, Writings end of 1st c. Daniel is in the Writings in the Hebrew Bible; in Prophets in English Bibles.

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the book of daniel
The Book of Daniel
  • Chaps 1-6 stories; chaps 7-12 visions
  • Chaps 1, 8-12 Hebrew; chaps 2-7 Aramaic
  • Three parts of Old Testament canon: Law 400, Prophets 200, Writings end of 1st c. Daniel is in the Writings in the Hebrew Bible; in Prophets in English Bibles.
  • Story world = Babylonian exile in 6th c.
history of israel i
History of Israel I
  • 586 BC Jerusalem falls to Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar (605-562)
  • 539 Last king of Babylon Nabonidus (556-539) loses to Cyrus the Persian
  • 323 Alexander the Great Dies
  • 323-ca 200 Palestine ruled by Ptolemies from Egypt
history of israel ii
History of Israel II
  • 200 BC -- 63 BC--Palestine ruled by Seleucids from Syria
  • 167 Antiochus IV ordered swine sacrificed on altar in Jerusalem; forbade observance of sabbath and circumcision
  • Revolt against Antiochus led by Maccabees--Judas, Jonathan, Simon--with rededication (Hannukah) of temple in 164
information about 6th century in daniel
Information about 6th century inDaniel
  • Belshazzar the son of Nebuchadnezzar; actually they were not related. Belshazzar son of Nabonidus
  • Belshazzar the last king of Babylon; last Babylonian king was a man named Nabonidus
  • Babylonia fell to Darius the Mede; actually fell to Cyrus the Persian. Darius followed Cyrus
  • Nebuchadnezzar very sick in chap 4; no ancient record of this. Nabonidus was universally disliked in antiquity; thought to be crazy
information about second century in daniel
Information about Second Century in Daniel
  • Alexander hardly on throne when kingdom divided Dan 11:3-4
  • Dan 11:31 description of persecution by Antiochus IV
  • Dan 11:40 predicts that Antiochus IV would die in Palestine; he actually died in Mesopotamia
  • Temple not yet restored = pre 164 BCE
options in time of persecution
Options in time of Persecution
  • Go along to get along
  • Join a guerrilla outfit--”little help” in 11:34 = Maccabees. 1 Maccabees; cf. 2 Maccabees
  • Trust in God to deliver you from the enemy.
daniel 1
Daniel 1
  • The Jews Daniel, Hananiah (Shadrach), Mishael (Meshach), Azariah (Abednego) were taught literature and language of Babylon
  • They refused royal food; ate only vegetables and water. They were fatter and better
  • Ten times smarter than local bureaucrats
daniel 2
Daniel 2
  • Daniel interprets dream of Nebuchadnezzar
      • Gigantic statue
      • Head of gold = Nebuchadnezzar
      • arms of chest of silver = Medes
      • belly and thighs of bronze = Persians
      • legs of iron Alexander
      • feet = iron and clay = Ptolemies and Seleucids
      • crushed by stone not made with human hands
  • Daniel exalted
daniel 3 daniel not a player
Daniel 3--Daniel not a player
  • Nebuchadnezzar commanded everyone to worship gigantic statue.
  • Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego refuse
  • Thrown into fiery furnace
  • King sees four men in furnace; men freed without any damage
  • God of Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego praised; Nebuchadnezzar converts
daniel 4
Daniel 4
  • Tree falls = Nebuchadnezzar
  • King driven away to live with wild animals; ate grass like animals, hair grew long as eagles’ feathers, nails became like birds’ claws
  • Nebuchadnezzar restored to throne
  • Nabonidus stayed a long time in desert; prayer of Nabonidus in Dead Sea Scrolls
daniel 5
Daniel 5
  • Belshazzar king; only regent while Nabonidus in desert
  • Handwriting on wall
  • Daniel interprets
  • Mene God has numbered your days; tekel weighed and found wanting; peres = your kingdom given to Medes and Persians;
  • Belshazzar killed; Darius reigns
daniel 6
Daniel 6
  • Everyone must pray to king; Daniel refuses
  • Daniel thrown into den of lions, much to regret of king Darius
  • king has insomnia; rushes to lions’ den
  • God sent an angel to shut lions’ mouths
  • Daniel’s accusers thrown into lions’ den-eaten before they hit the bottom
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