The Book of Daniel
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The Book of Daniel An Introduction. Carcemish *. Rulers of Babylon during the Captivity. Nebuchadnezzar succeeded by son, Evil-Merodach killed by Neriglissar (Nebuchadnezzar’s son-in-law) succeeded by son, Labosoarchad succeeded by Nabonidus shared rule with son, Belshazzar.

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The Book of Daniel An Introduction

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The book of daniel an introduction

The Book of Daniel

An Introduction


The book of daniel an introduction

Carcemish *


The book of daniel an introduction

Rulers of Babylon during the Captivity

Nebuchadnezzar

succeeded by son,

Evil-Merodach

killed by

Neriglissar(Nebuchadnezzar’s son-in-law)

succeeded by son,

Labosoarchad

succeeded by

Nabonidus

shared rule with son,

Belshazzar


The book of daniel an introduction

Daniel in Babylon,

from teen to octogenarian


The book of daniel an introduction

Daniel 5: Belshazzar’s Feast


The book of daniel an introduction

The Fall of Babylon

Xenophon’s Account(Cyropaedia, VII.v. 7-33)

Cyrus:“I am sure I cannot see how any one could take by storm walls so massive and so high…unless you have some other method to suggest, I propose that we use this method of laying siege…”


The book of daniel an introduction

The Fall of Babylon

Xenophon’s Account(Cyropaedia, VII.v. 8)

Chrysantas:“Does not this river flow through the midst of the city? And it is more than two stadia in width.”

Gobryas: “Yeah, Ri-ight…”


The book of daniel an introduction

The Fall of Babylon

Xenophon’s Account(Cyropaedia, VII.v. 8)

Chrysantas:“Does not this river flow through the midst of the city? And it is more than two stadia in width.”

Gobryas:“Aye, by Zeus, and its depth is such that two men, one standing on the other’s shoulders, would not reach the surface of the water, so that the city is better defended by the river than by its walls.”


The book of daniel an introduction

The Fall of Babylon

Xenophon’s Account(Cyropaedia, VII.v. 8)

  • Nonetheless, Cyrus went for the plan.

  • They dug “an immense trench” around the sides of the city.

  • The Babylonians were confident, thinking the Persian efforts were a laughable attempt at building siege works.

  • Cyrus cleverly encouraged the confidence of the Babylonians.


The book of daniel an introduction

The Fall of Babylon

Xenophon’s Account(Cyropaedia, VII.v. 13)

“The enemy upon the walls laughed his siege-works to scorn, in the belief that they had provisions enough for more than twenty years.

“Upon hearing of this, Cyrus divided his army into twelve parts as if intending each part to be responsible for sentry duty during one month of the year.”


The book of daniel an introduction

The Fall of Babylon

Xenophon’s Account(Cyropaedia, VII.v. 14)

The Babylonians were further made confident by the composition of Cyrus’ army:

They “laughed much more scornfully still, at the thought of Phrygians and Lydians and Arabians and Cappadocians keeping guard against them, for they considered all these to be more friendly to them than to the Persians.”


The book of daniel an introduction

The Fall of Babylon

Xenophon’s Account(Cyropaedia, VII.v. 15-16)

“At last the ditches were completed. Then, when he heard that a certain festival had come around in Babylon, during which all Babylon was accustomed to drink and revel all night long, Cyrus took a large number of men, just as soon as it was dark, and opened up the heads of the trenches at the river. As soon as that was done, the water flowed down through the ditches in the night, and the bed of the river, where it traversed the city became passable for men.”


The book of daniel an introduction

The Fall of Babylon

Xenophon’s Account(Cyropaedia, VII.v. 24)

“And do you, Gadatas and Gobryas, show the streets, for you are familiar with them. And when we get inside the walls, lead us by the quickest route to the royal palace.”


The book of daniel an introduction

The Fall of Babylon

Xenophon’s Account(Cyropaedia, VII.v. 33)

“And when the day dawned and those in possession of the citadels discovered that the city was taken and the king slain, they surrendered the citadels , too.”


The book of daniel an introduction

The Fall of Babylon

Herodotus’ Account(1.190-191)

Cyrus “turned the Euphrates by a canal into the basin, which was then a marsh, on which the river sank to such an extent that the natural bed of the stream became fordable.”

“...the Persians came upon them by surprise and so took the city. Owing to the vast size of the place, the inhabitants of the central parts...long after the outer portions of the town were taken, knew nothing of what had chanced, but as they were engaged in a festival, continued dancing and revelling until they learnt the capture but too certainly.”


The book of daniel an introduction

70 years?

47 yrs


The book of daniel an introduction

70 years?

58 yrs


The book of daniel an introduction

70 years?

66 yrs


The book of daniel an introduction

70 years?

?

?

70 yrs


The book of daniel an introduction

70 years?

516 B.C. 2nd Temple finished

70 yrs


The book of daniel an introduction

70 years?

Perhaps a symbolic significance

Remember the Sabbath year...

Lev. 25:3-4

Six years you shall sow your field, and six years you shall prune your vineyard and gather in its crop, but during the seventh year the land shall have a sabbath rest, a sabbath to the LORD; you shall not sow your field nor prune your vineyard.


The book of daniel an introduction

70 years?

Perhaps a symbolic significance

…and the Jubilee...

Lev. 25:11

You shall have the fiftieth year as a jubilee; you shall not sow, nor reap its aftergrowth, nor gather in from its untrimmed vines.


The book of daniel an introduction

70 years?

Perhaps a symbolic significance

Lev. 26

26:14 'But if you do not obey Me and do not carry out all these commandments...


The book of daniel an introduction

70 years?

Perhaps a symbolic significance

Lev. 26:32-35

I will make the land desolate so that your enemies who settle in it will be appalled over it.

You, however, I will scatter among the nations….

Then the land will enjoy its sabbaths all the days of the desolation, while you are in your enemies' land; then the land will rest and enjoy its sabbaths. All the days of its desolation it will observe the rest which it did not observe on your sabbaths, while you were living on it.


The book of daniel an introduction

70 years?

Perhaps a symbolic significance

2 Chron. 36:21

Connects

JEREMIAH’S PROPHECY OF 70 YEARS

with

THE LAND ENJOYING ITS SABBATHS


The book of daniel an introduction

70 years?

Perhaps a symbolic significance

2 Chron. 36:20-21

Those who had escaped from the sword he carried away to Babylon; and they were servants to him and to his sons until the rule of the kingdom of Persia, to fulfill the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed its sabbaths. All the days of its desolation it kept sabbath until seventy years were complete.


The book of daniel an introduction

70 years?

Perhaps a symbolic significance

2 Chron. 36:20-21

Those who had escaped from the sword he carried away to Babylon; and they were servants to him and to his sons until the rule of the kingdom of Persia, to fulfill the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed its sabbaths. All the days of its desolation it kept sabbath until seventy years were complete.


The book of daniel an introduction

70 years?

Perhaps a symbolic significance

2 Chron. 36:20-21

Those who had escaped from the sword he carried away to Babylon; and they were servants to him and to his sons until the rule of the kingdom of Persia, to fulfill the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed its sabbaths. All the days of its desolation it kept sabbath until seventy years were complete.


The book of daniel an introduction

70 years?

Perhaps a symbolic significance

2 Chron. 36:20-21

Those who had escaped from the sword he carried away to Babylon; and they were servants to him and to his sons until the rule of the kingdom of Persia, to fulfill the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed its sabbaths. All the days of its desolation it kept sabbath until seventy years were complete.


The book of daniel an introduction

The Book of Daniel

Contents of the Book of Daniel

chapters 1-6, Narrative

chapters 7-12, Visions

chapters 2-7, language is Aramaic

Message of the Book of Daniel

“For His dominion is an everlasting dominion

And His kingdom endures from generation to generation.

And all the inhabitants of the earth are accounted as nothing,

But He does according to His will in the host of heaven

And among the inhabitants of earth”


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