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Splash Screen. Chapter Introduction Section 1: Mobilizing for War Section 2: The Early Battles Section 3: Life on the Home Front Section 4: Pushing Back the Axis Section 5: The War Ends Visual Summary. Chapter Menu. Big Ideas

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Presentation Transcript
chapter menu

Chapter Introduction

Section 1:Mobilizing for War

Section 2:The Early Battles

Section 3:Life on the Home Front

Section 4:Pushing Back the Axis

Section 5: The War Ends

Visual Summary

Chapter Menu
section 1 main idea

Big Ideas

Economics and SocietyAmericans quickly converted to a wartime economy to support the war effort.

Section 1-Main Idea
section 1 key terms

Content Vocabulary

  • cost-plus
  • disenfranchised

Academic Vocabulary

  • vehicle
  • draft
Section 1-Key Terms
section 1 key terms1

People and Events to Identify

  • War Production Board
  • Office of War Mobilization
  • “Double V” campaign
  • Tuskegee Airmen
  • Oveta Culp Hobby
  • Women’s Army Corps
Section 1-Key Terms
section 1 polling question
A

B

Do you agree that women in the military should receive the same tasks as men?

A. Agree

B. Disagree

Section 1-Polling Question
section 1

American Industry Gets the Job Done

Factories built tanks, airplanes, trucks, and jeeps for military use, as well as safer ships.

Section 1
section 11

American Industry Gets the Job Done(cont.)

  • The automobile industry was uniquely suited to the mass production of military equipment.
  • Henry Kaiser reduced the time to build a Liberty ship from 244 days to 41 days.
  • He built 30 percent of all American ships during the war.
Section 1
section 12

American Industry Gets the Job Done(cont.)

  • As American companies converted to war production, many business leaders became frustrated with the mobilization process.
  • FDR tried to improve the system by creating the War Production Board (WPB).
  • The WPB clashed with the military, so Roosevelt established the Office of War Mobilization (OWM) to settle arguments.
Section 1
section 13
A

B

C

D

What major change did Henry Kaiser make to his ships?

A.Rivets

B.Welding

C.Bigger engines

D.Thicker metal

Section 1
section 14

Building an Army

Minorities and women played an important role in the United States armed forces during World War II.

Section 1
section 15

Building an Army (cont.)

  • Within days of Germany’s attack on Poland in 1939, President Roosevelt expanded the army to 227,000 soldiers.
  • Two members of Congress introduced the Selective Service and Training Act, a plan for the first peacetime draftin American history.
  • More than 60,000 men enlisted in the month after the attack on Pearl Harbor, overwhelming the army’s training facilities.

Creating an American Army

Section 1
section 16

Building an Army (cont.)

  • At the start of the war, the U.S. military was segregated.
  • Some African Americans did not want to support the war, being disenfranchisedand bitter over their treatment.
  • The Pittsburgh Courier launched the “Double V” campaign—urging African Americans to fight against Hitler’s racism and the racism at home.

Creating an American Army

Section 1
vocab4

draft 

to select a person at random for mandatory military service

Vocab4
vocab2

disenfranchise  

to deprive of the right to vote

Vocab2