Noninfectious disease
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Noninfectious Disease. Mr. Fox 7 th Grade Science Class. Immunity. Noninfectious Disease – diseases that are not spread from person to person. What are some noninfectious diseases?. Allergies.

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Noninfectious Disease

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Noninfectious disease

Noninfectious Disease

Mr. Fox 7th Grade Science Class


Immunity

Immunity

  • Noninfectious Disease – diseases that are not spread from person to person.

  • What are some noninfectious diseases?


Allergies

Allergies

  • Allergy – a disorder in which the immune system is overly sensitive to a foreign substance, something not normally found in the body.

  • Allergen – the substance that causes the allergy.


How it happens

How it Happens

  • The allergen gets into the body, and antibodies are produced.

  • The body then releases a chemical called histamine, which is responsible for sneezing, watery eyes, rash… ect.

  • The histamine causes the immune system to freak out about the allergen causing a much more violent reaction.


Asthma

Asthma

  • Asthma – respiratory disorder in which the passages narrow significantly.

    • Causes wheezing and shortness of breath

    • Attacks can also be triggered by stress and exercise.

    • Asthma attacks can get so bad that emergency medical help may be needed.


Diabetes

Diabetes

  • A disorder in which the pancreas no longer produces insulin.

  • High levels of glucose in the blood and the urine, but not in the cells.

  • Effects if not treated

    • Blindness, Kidney failure, heart disease, loss of limbs.


Cancer

Cancer

  • Most common Cancers in the US as of 2000

  • Men - Prostate, Lung, Large Intestine, Bladder

  • Women – Breast, Lung, Large Intestine, Uterus


Cancer1

Cancer

  • A disease in which the cells multiply uncontrollably, destroying healthy tissue.

  • Tumors – mass of abnormal tissue

  • Caused by carcinogens. Ultraviolet light from the sun, tar from smoking, other chemicals.


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