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Definite and Indefinite Articles. Los Artículos…:. el la los las. 1. Definite:. “the”. un una unos unas. “a” / “an”. 1. In definite:. some. Definite Articles. Used with nouns to indicate specific people, places, or things. Indefinite Articles.

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Definite and Indefinite Articles

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Definite and



Los Artículos…:





1. Definite:






“a” / “an”

1. Indefinite:


Definite Articles

  • Used with nouns to indicate specific people, places, or things

Indefinite Articles

  • Used with nouns to indicate nonspecific people, places, or things


  • El chico es un amigo.

  • The boy is a friend.

Definite article

Indefinite article

Definite article

Indefinite article

Definite and Indefinite Articles

  • In Spanish, articles match nouns in gender and number.

  • All Spanish nouns, even if they refer to objects, are either masculine or feminine.

Masculine Nouns:

  • usually end in “- o”

  • used with definite article “el” (“the”)

El chico

El bolígrafo

El cuaderno

Feminine Nouns:

  • may end in “- a”, “- ción”,

  • “- sión”, “- dad”

  • used with definite article “la” (“the”)

La chica

La acción

La televisión

La posibilidad


Exceptions to the rule…:

The gender of some words must be learned because

they don’t follow the patterns for masculino or femenino:


La tarde

La noche

La clase

La pared


El día

El mapa

El reloj

El lápiz

El pupitre

El sacapuntas

el los

la las

Nouns ending in a vowel add “-s”

el reloj los relojes

la silla las sillas

Nouns ending in a consonant add “-es”

el chico los chicos

el papel los papeles


Plural Nouns:

el los

la las

Nouns ending in a “-z” change to “-c”, add “-es”

el lápiz los lápices


Plural Nouns:

el los

la las

los estudiantes

los chicos


Plural Nouns:

When referring to males and females as a single group,

or to masculine and femenine objects together,

always use the masculine plural:

the boys

the boys and girls

the boy students

the boy and girl students

Write the correct definite article

  • ______ chicas son atléticas.

  • ______ maestra es inteligente.

  • ______ amigos son simpáticos.

  • ______ chico es pelirrojo.

Write the correct indefinite article

  • _______ personas son organizadas.

  • _______ estudiantes son cómicos.

  • _______ amigaesjoven.

  • _______ chicoesbajo.

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