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Social Class and Families. Upper class: 1-2%. As much of their income from investments as wages. Exclusive neighborhoods, schools, clubs. Elaborate social code. Key challenge: social reproduction (passing position to next generation) Amerco: top managers Little good research: why?.

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social class and families
Social Class and Families
  • Upper class: 1-2%. As much of their income from investments as wages. Exclusive neighborhoods, schools, clubs. Elaborate social code.
  • Key challenge: social reproduction (passing position to next generation)
  • Amerco: top managers
  • Little good research: why?

Sociology 1201

upper middle class
Upper middle class
  • Professional and managerial positions, mostly in large bureaucracies. College and professional degrees.
  • 20-25% of the population.
  • The rest of Amerco’s management class
  • Key challenge: social reproduction and upward mobility

Sociology 1201

the working class majority
Lower middle class

White collar jobs that do not require a college degree

Small business

25-30% of population.

Amerco support staff

Key challenges

Working class

Blue collar and service jobs that do not require a college degree

25-30% of popul.

Amerco factory workers

Often just one lay-off or one divorce away from poverty

The working class majority

Sociology 1201

poverty class
Poverty class
  • Government poverty line around $18,000 for family of 4
  • Majority work full-time, although very vulnerable to layoffs
  • High proportion of single parent families
  • Key challenge:

Sociology 1201

income fifths 2001
Income Fifths: 2001

Sociology 1201

trends
Trends
  • Top fifth has dramatically increased its share in the last 30 years and especially the last 15
  • Second fifth holding its own
  • Other 3/5 losing income share and it would be much worse were it not for the growth of two-wage earner families

Sociology 1201

inequality
Inequality
  • Wealth is even more unequally divided than income
    • 1/3 of wealth belongs to the top 1%
    • 1/3 to the next 9%
    • 1/3 to the other 90%
  • Globalization and deindustrialization (2.7 million factory jobs lost from 2000-2003)

Sociology 1201

inequality ii
Inequality II
  • Do we need this very high level of inequality to motivate the most able people to train for and conscientiously fill the most important positions? (functionalism)
  • Or is it that wealthy Americans have so much power that they can just keep adding more privilege for themselves and their children? (conflict theory)

Sociology 1201

social class parenting
Social class & parenting

Annette Lareau: Unequal Childhoods: Class, Race, and Family Life

Qualitative research: interviews

plus 60 hours of observation with

12 families, upper middle class and working class, black and white

Concerted cultivation vs. natural development

Sociology 1201

work vs home
Work vs. home
  • Context for the patterns Hochschild discovers at Amerco
  • Family values, but not really
  • Increased hours of work per week not only at Amerco but through much of the economy. Why?
  • Why does home seem like work and work like home, for many of these workers?

Sociology 1201

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