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UN Humanitarian Response. Mahalchari. Genesis:. On August 24 th 2003 a Mahalchari Bengali Businessman was kidnapped. August 25 th the traders of Mahalchari bazaar organised a strike for the next day.

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Un humanitarian response

UNHumanitarian Response

Mahalchari


Genesis
Genesis:

  • On August 24th 2003 a Mahalchari Bengali Businessman was kidnapped. August 25th the traders of Mahalchari bazaar organised a strike for the next day.

  • On August 26th over a 7 hour period, mobs attacked 9 villages setting fire to homes, looting, destroying crops and mills, stealing farm animals, burning and looting schools and temples and physically attacking and injuring tribals.


  • The Ministry of DMAR dispatched: 50 metric tonnes of rice, tins of biscuits and a cash allocation of 100,000 Taka.

  • The MoCHTA made available a grant of Taka 3,000,000 and allocated rice.

  • The DA sent candles, packets of food and others.

  • NGOs provided school books, family kits and medicine.


Notwithstanding the immediate and valuable humanitarian assistance provided, there was wide agreement that if further suffering was to be alleviated and family life restored the UN agencies in Bangladesh needed to play their part in augmenting the actions that have already taken place.


Joint needs assessment mission
Joint Needs Assessment Mission assistance provided, there was wide agreement that if further suffering was to be alleviated and family life restored the UN agencies in Bangladesh needed to play their part in augmenting the actions that have already taken place.

  • Composition:

    • Ministry of CHT Affairs

    • CHT Regional Council

    • UN System (FAO, UNDP, UNICEF, WFP, WHO)

  • Duration: 06 – 11 October 2003


Villages visited
Villages Visited assistance provided, there was wide agreement that if further suffering was to be alleviated and family life restored the UN agencies in Bangladesh needed to play their part in augmenting the actions that have already taken place.

  • Lemuchari

  • Nuapara

  • Pahartali

  • Saw-mill Para

  • Rameshu Karbari Para

  • Babu Para

  • Basanta Para

  • Kerenganal

  • Durpujjyanala


Problem statement and stakeholder analysis
Problem Statement and Stakeholder Analysis: assistance provided, there was wide agreement that if further suffering was to be alleviated and family life restored the UN agencies in Bangladesh needed to play their part in augmenting the actions that have already taken place.

  • Families lost everything. Homes nothing but burnt twisted shells. Cooking utensils, money furniture, bedding, clothes, children’s school books and family savings destroyed. Family stores of rice and seeds scorched into a blackened mass.

  • Farm tools, ploughs, fishing nets, boats, grinding mills, family sowing machines destroyed. Much needed paddy straw and hay stocks burnt and destroyed.


Partnership for relief and recovery
Partnership for Relief and Recovery assistance provided, there was wide agreement that if further suffering was to be alleviated and family life restored the UN agencies in Bangladesh needed to play their part in augmenting the actions that have already taken place.

Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief

UNDP

ECHO

AusAid

DANIDA

BHC

OCHA


CONFIRMED DONOR RESPONSE assistance provided, there was wide agreement that if further suffering was to be alleviated and family life restored the UN agencies in Bangladesh needed to play their part in augmenting the actions that have already taken place.

Donor Contribution

ECHO US$ 942,626

OCHA US$ 77,600

DANIDA US$ 46,608

AusAid US$ 34,887

BHC US$ 17,067

Total: US$1,118,788


Immediate interventions
Immediate Interventions assistance provided, there was wide agreement that if further suffering was to be alleviated and family life restored the UN agencies in Bangladesh needed to play their part in augmenting the actions that have already taken place.

  • Food Aid

  • Health

  • Water and Sanitation

  • Housing

  • Education

  • Family Household Items

  • Agriculture


Medium term assistance
Medium Term Assistance assistance provided, there was wide agreement that if further suffering was to be alleviated and family life restored the UN agencies in Bangladesh needed to play their part in augmenting the actions that have already taken place.

Purpose:

  • To Restartthe Economy and Normal Life Activities


Undp s strategy in the cht
UNDP’s Strategy in the CHT: assistance provided, there was wide agreement that if further suffering was to be alleviated and family life restored the UN agencies in Bangladesh needed to play their part in augmenting the actions that have already taken place.

  • UNDP has formulated assistance project for Promotion of Development and Confidence Building in the CHT.

  • Because of the need to avoid any mix between UNDP normative development activities and the Mahalchari action it is supervised and managed by UNDP international and national staff recruited for this purpose.

  • However …………..


  • Work at the programme level is being coordinated, supervised and supported, substantially as well as operationally by UNDP- CHTDF. These services include:

  • Resource mobilisation/ management and tracking, security management; radio and communication support, information management and technical and operational backstopping from Dhaka and the UNDP office in Rangamati and Khagrachari.


  • Monthly meetings are coordinated by, UNDP in Rangamati and Khagrachari for the participating humanitarian agencies.

  • Monthly meetings are planned by UNDP Dhaka with the Ministry of Chittagong Hill Tracts Affairs (MoCHTA), Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief (MDMR), The Regional Council, the District Administration and the Hills District Council and UN agencies.


Listening to Community, Local Leaders and Beneficiaries Khagrachari for the participating humanitarian agencies.

  • The UP Chairmen, members of the respective ward, Headmen, Karbaris, locally respected person’s families, and individual victims were consulted. Their assessment of the situation and the most appropriate mix of interventions and priority of one intervention over another was fully taken into consideration.


Link between the intervention action and the findings of the assessment
Link between the intervention action, and the findings of the assessment:

Solutions to shelter needs are having an immediate impact and helping to restore confidence and a return to normal village life.


Replacement of destroyed and looted seeds, grinding mills, low lift pumps, and power tillers will reduce the dangers of families becoming dependent on food aid in the long term.


Improved access to household goods including clothes, bedding and others is having a profound impact on family health and confidence.



Risks and assumptions
Risks and Assumptions social problems.

On the basis of the assessment of risk and humanitarian needs, the risk to humanitarian workers and equipment is presently assessed, to be at an acceptable level to allow the humanitarian programme in Mahalchari to be implemented.


Security
Security: social problems.

  • Post August 26th tension and mistrust amongst Tribals and Non-Tribals is extremely high.

  • Safety and security of UN and partner NGO personnel and property is provided by the Government law enforcing agencies.

  • The Safety Management Unit (SMU) is the designated unit of UNDP for all security matters. UNDP have extended to the Mahalchari Humanitarian Operation SMU support.


Arrangements for safety coverage
Arrangements for Safety Coverage social problems.

  • Movement of personnel by road and river routes are planned in advance so that security forces can be deployed to provide protection.

  • The SMU of UNDP implement and control security clearance procedures.


Field coordination and local implementing partners
Field Coordination and Local Implementing Partners social problems.

Key roles were played by the Chittagong Hill Tracts Regional Council, and the Local Authorities including the Deputy Commissioner and officials and the staff of the District Medical Office. UNDP is seeking opportunities to strengthen the capacities of these key institutions including the Regional Council and local NGOs.


Actions since the first contribution was received in december 03
Actions since the first contribution was received in December ‘03

  • International and National Staff recruited.

  • Mahalchari Operation Unit established and hosted in the CHTDF offices in Rangamati and Khagrachari.

  • Mahalchari Humanitarian action hosted with the Ministry DMAR.

  • Budget and administration procedures established.


  • River and Road transport identified and dedicated. December ‘03

  • Security coverage including radio systems established.

  • Construction of the first 30 shelters started.

  • Paddy seeds purchased and distributed to all affected farming families in time for the January planting season. Germination signals extremely positive.


  • Winter clothes procured and successfully distributed. December ‘03

  • WFP assumed responsibility for food basket distribution.

  • First power tillers, irrigation pumps and rice grinding mills provided.

  • Community psychosocial models and guidelines for situation analysis developed.


Workshops are being run to: December ‘03

  • Raise awareness amongst service providers about the psychosocial implications of humanitarian work

  • To develop skills in promoting psychosocial well-being when working with individuals and communities.


Situational analysis of the psychosocial needs and resources of the villages will shortly be implemented.

The findings will be used by the communities and the project staff to plan appropriate and culturally relevant psychosocial interventions to enable communities to be socially, culturally and emotionally healthy.


The psychosocial component of the Mahalchari humanitarian project is underpinned by recently developed models.

A paper of best practices will be disseminated at the end of the project.


March 2004
March 2004 project is underpinned by recently developed models.

  • Advocacy and information shared with a cross section of Dhaka based donor representatives along side ECHO Brussels.

  • Partnership arrangements with NGOs ongoing. (Agreements reached during the reporting period with CARITAS, BITA and Kabidang)


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