French pm work in progress
Download
1 / 16

FRENCH PM WORK IN PROGRESS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 72 Views
  • Uploaded on

FRENCH PM WORK IN PROGRESS. Jean-Pierre Fontelle. With the contribution of:. Sonia Babu, Jean-Pierre Chang, Carole Levy, Bénédicte Oudart, Emanuel Rivière. PM INVENTORY. Previous inventory : (before mid 90s) TSP only. Limited number of sources.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' FRENCH PM WORK IN PROGRESS' - hoai


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
French pm work in progress
FRENCH PM WORK IN PROGRESS

Jean-Pierre Fontelle

With the contribution of:

Sonia Babu, Jean-Pierre Chang, Carole Levy, Bénédicte Oudart, Emanuel Rivière


Pm inventory
PM INVENTORY

  • Previous inventory : (before mid 90s)

  • TSP only

  • Limited number of sources

  • New inventory : (supported by the French Ministry of Environment )

  • Geographical area : France

  • TSP, PM10, PM2.5, PM1.0 (primary sources)

  • Annual time series from 1990 to 1998

  • 200 types of sources : all defined in SNAP 97+ additional sources


Sectors considered

SECTORS CONSIDERED

Mobile sources :

  • other mobile sources :

  • air traffic, railways, inland waterways, sea transport, machinery, household and gardening.

Stationary sources :

  • Combustion – industrial and non industrial

  • Agriculture

  • Nature

  • Waste incineration


Comparison with other countries
COMPARISON WITH OTHER COUNTRIES

Goal : to complete and to validate the French PM inventory

Observations : high discrepancies in

  • source coverage

  • methodologies

  • emission factors

  • emissions by sectors

  • total emissions


Sectors considered1
SECTORS CONSIDERED

  • Industrial processes :

  • iron and steel industries,

  • cement, lime, plaster, glass production,

  • road paving,

  • bricks and tiles, fine ceramic materials,

  • non-ferrous metal industries, aluminium, lead and zinc,

  • adipic acid, chipboard,

  • sugar and flour production,

  • storage and transport of cereals, etc...



Teachings
TEACHINGS

  • Problem in defining the inventory fields (eg : resuspension ?)

  • Not complete (missing sources)

  • Lack of knowledge (missing and obsolete data)

  • Data from foreign studies possibly misused

  • Large discrepancies between various sources of information

  • Extremely high uncertainty


Comparison of inventories

Comparison between TNO (edit.1997), IIASA (edit.2000) results and other national inventories

COMPARISON OF INVENTORIES

* related to a limited number of sources (35% of sources considered for TSP)


Some examples

EF TSP (g/GJ) Heavy fuel oil Wood results and other national inventories

CITEPA 3515

OFEFP / BUWAL 2380

EF wood (g/GJ) TSP PM10

CITEPA 500175

OFEFP / BUWAL 150

ITALY 1560

IIASA 150

EPA 870

SOME EXAMPLES

  • Combust. in manufac. industry : combustion plants > 50MW

  • Combustion in households :


Some examples1

EF TSP (g/GJ) Coal results and other national inventories

CITEPA 100

OFEFP / BUWAL 50

EF (kg/t) TSP PM10

CITEPA 95

OFEFP / BUWAL 2

ITALY 1

IIASA (uncontrolled) 25

TNO (Eastern Europe) 7

TNO (Western Europe) 3

SOME EXAMPLES

  • District heating plants : combustion plants < 50MW

  • Aluminium production (electrolysis) :


Some examples2

gasoline diesel oil

EF mg/km PC LD Moto. HD

CITEPA highway 11 13 7 525

TSP rural 12 14 6 634

urban 21 20 7 1141

Total 6 650

IIASA 4-stroke 55 970

PM10 2-stroke 610

SOME EXAMPLES


Examples of differences in source coverage

NB : 1990 TSP mass emissions are indicated in ( ) results and other national inventories

% refer to TSP

EXAMPLES OF DIFFERENCES IN SOURCE COVERAGE


Need for additional sources
NEED FOR ADDITIONAL SOURCES results and other national inventories

  • Sugar production

  • Charcoal manufacture

  • Flour production

  • Smoking

  • Fireworks

  • Tilling of arable land crops

  • Explosives production

  • Construction

  • Wood work

  • Road abrasion

  • Cereals handling

  • Quarrying

  • Smoking meat

  • Harvesting

  • Shoe’s sole wear

  • Use of BBQ

Conclusion : SNAP and other nomenclatures to be revised ?


Observations
OBSERVATIONS results and other national inventories

From discussion between experts :

  • limited knowledge in most countries

  • very limited number of available inventories

  • need for more monitoring campaigns

  • fugitive emissions much more complex to estimate and probably represent a significant amount of total emissions

  • stress politicians on the high level of uncertainties and risk to use irrelevant information when elaborating regulation involving high economic impact


Conclusion
CONCLUSION results and other national inventories

  • French inventory to complete and to improve

  • Need for exchange of knowledge between experts, initiatives for cooperation is welcome, especially regarding transparency of data

  • As primary sources represent a minor part of total PM, would it not more efficient to focus essentially on secondary sources ?

  • Need to consolidate PM inventories before use by policy makers

Further French work :

  • Revision of the French Inventory in 2001 by CITEPA

  • Comparison study on methodology used by different countries to carry out PM inventories (final report expected for September 2001) by CITEPA

  • Projection study, 2015-2020 (expected for October 2001) by CITEPA and INERIS


Citepa s web site www citepa org
CITEPA’s web site results and other national inventorieswww.citepa.org


ad