Lost city the discovery of machu picchu
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LOST CITY The Discovery of Machu Picchu. Compiled by: Terry Sams PES. By Ted Lewin. Study Skills. Genre: Narrative Nonfiction Comprehension Skill: Compare Contrast Comprehension Strategy: Visualize Comprehension Review Skill: Sequence

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Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

LOST CITY The Discovery of Machu Picchu

  • Compiled by:

  • Terry Sams PES

By Ted Lewin


Study skills

Study Skills

  • Genre: Narrative Nonfiction

  • Comprehension Skill: Compare Contrast

  • Comprehension Strategy: Visualize

  • Comprehension Review Skill: Sequence

  • Vocabulary: Word Structure – Greek and Latin Roots


Summary

Summary

Professor Hiram Bingham goes on a journey to Peru to find the lost city of Machu Picchu. With the help of a farmer named Arteaga and a Quechua boy, Bingham finds something unexpected -- the beautiful city of Machu Picchu sitting among the clouds.


Genre narrative nonfiction

Genre: Narrative Nonfiction

(Different PowerPoint on Genre)

Narrative nonfiction can tell the story of a real event such as the discovery of a lost city. The details of the event are presented in sequence so that readers can understand the cause-and-effect relationships.


Comprehension skill review compare and contrast te538

Comprehension Skill Review: Compare andContrast – TE538

  • A Comparison tells how two or more things are alike.

  • A Contrast tells how they are different

  • Clue words such as like, same or as show similarities.

  • Clue words such as but, different, or unlike show differences.


Compare and contrast pb 213

Compare and Contrast PB 213

3. Rome was a huge empire.

2. They both produced great poets and artists.

4. Rome had more advanced building methods

5. _____________________________________________________________


Comprehension skill sequence pg 551

Comprehension Skill- Sequence Pg. 551

  • Sequence means the order in which things happen.

  • Dates, times, and clue words such as first, then, next, and last can help you understand the order of events.

  • Sometimes two or more events happen at the same time. Words such as meanwhile and during can show this.


Vocabulary strategy greek and latin roots pg 540

Vocabulary Strategy – Greek and Latin RootsPg. 540

  • Many English words have Latin or Greek roots.

  • For example, the Latin word terra means “earth, land.” Part of it appears in words such as terrain and territory.

  • The Latin word gloria means “praise”; part of it appears in words such as glorify, meaning “to praise.”

  • You might be able to use Latin and Greek roots to help you figure out the meaning of an unknown word.


Practice word structure pb215

1. What is the Latin word for terraced?

terra – it has to do with land

2. How does the root in glorious…

it means “praise”

3. What do you think terrain means?...

refers to ground you walk on – “land”

4. It does not make sense . . .

it refers to something worth of praise

5.Write a sentence. . .

________________________________

Practice Word StructurePB215


Grammar review comparative and superlative adjectives te 559e f

Grammar Review – Comparative and Superlative Adjectives TE 559e-f

  • A comparative adjective compares two people, places, things, or groups. Add –er to most short adjectives. Use more with longer adjectives.

    This mountain is taller and more beautiful than that one.


Grammar review comparative and superlative adjectives te 559e f1

Grammar Review – Comparative and Superlative Adjectives TE 559e-f

  • A superlativeadjective compares three or more people, places, things or groups. Add –est to most short adjectives. Use most with longer adjectives.

    It was the highest and most amazing city he had ever seen.


Study skill outline te 559l

Study Skill – Outline TE 559L

  • Outlining helps you understand text structure and remember information.

  • An outline is a plan that show how a story or other text is organized.

  • You can also you an outline to organize your thoughts before you write something of your own.

  • Outlining information can also help you prepare for tests.


Study skill outline te 559l1

Study Skill – Outline TE 559L

  • The title is listed at the top of the outline.

  • Topics are the most important ideas. They are identified with Roman numerals.

  • Subtitles are listed under a topic and tell more about it. They are identified with capital letters.

  • Details are listed under a subtopic and tell more about it. They are identified with numbers.

  • Let’s look at PB 219 and 220.


Practice outlines

Practice Outlines

Machu Picchu (Title)

I. In the Past (Main Idea)

A. The Inca People (Subtopic)

B. The End of the Inca

C. The Legacy

1. Architecture (details)

2. Artifacts

3. Roads

II. Modern History

A. Rediscovery 1911

B.

C.


Comprehension strategy visualize pg 538

Comprehension StrategyVisualize Pg. 538

  • Good readers visualize as they read.

  • This means they create pictures in their minds.

  • Sensory words such as sticky and crackle can help you experience what you are reading.


Weekly fluency check phrasing te 559a

Weekly Fluency Check -Phrasing TE 559a

  • Grouping words that go together and making corrections if you make mistakes helps listeners to understand a selection better.

  • Break up long sentences by grouping related words into meaningful phrases.

  • Echo read the last paragraph on p. 544.


Question of the week te 488l

Question of the WeekTE 488L

  • What surprises can happen on an expedition?


Day 2 question of the day

Day 2-Question of the Day

  • Why do you think Hiram Bingham was willing to go on such a difficult expedition?


Day 3 question of the day

Day 3 - Question of the Day

  • What are some of the difficulties and satisfactions in the life of an archeologist?


Day 4 question of the day review

Day 4-Question of the Day - Review

How is visiting Machu Picchu today different from the trip Hiram Bingham made?


Other things

Other Things

  • More about Machu Picchu

  • Photo Essay of Machu Picchu

  • Web Quest

  • Great PowerPoint on Machu Picchu

  • Machu Picchu - How They Kept the Secret

  • More on the Incas

  • Inca Trail Map


Review questions

Review Questions

  • Why might so few people have known about the ruins?

  • What might have happened before the boy had a dream about the stranger?

  • What did Bingham see after he found the sun temple?

  • Make a generalization about the Incas from what you have learned in this story.

  • Why did the author include the boy’s thoughts?


Review questions1

Review Questions

  • What did the boy call the camera? Why?

  • What is the main idea of the selection?

  • How was the author’s search for the ruins different from Bingham’s?

  • How would you describe the journey to Machu Picchu?

  • How are Cusco and the first capital of the Inca alike? Different?


Vocabulary say it

Vocabulary - Say It

  • thickets

  • torrent

  • terraced

  • curiosity

  • glorious

  • ruins

  • granite


More words to know

More Words to Know

remote

rugged

ventured

adobe

highland

terraces


Torrent

torrent

a violent, rushing stream of water


Thickets

thickets

bushes or small trees growing close together


Curiosity

curiosity

an eager desire to know or learn


Terraced

  • formed into a flat, level land with steep sides; terraces are often made in hilly areas to create more space for farming

terraced


Glorious

glorious

magnificent; splendid


Ruins

ruins

what is left after a building, wall, etc., has fallen to pieces


Granite

granite

a very hard gray or pink rock that is formed when lava cools slowly underground


Remote

  • out of the way; secluded

remote


Ventured

ventured

dared to come or go (to a new or unknown place)


Rugged

rugged

covered with rough edges; rough and uneven


Adobe

adobe

built with bricks made from clay baked in the sun


Highland

highland

related to a region that is higher and hillier than the neighboring countryside


Terraces

terraces

flat raised levelsof land with straight or sloping sides. Terraces are often made one above the other in hilly areas to create more space for raising crops.


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

Archeologists have curiosity about people who lived long ago.


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

Archeologists have curiosity about people who lived long ago.


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

They had to cut their way through jungles with thickets full of dangerous animals.


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

They had to cut their way through jungles with thickets full of dangerous animals.


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

Professor Bingham discovered the lost ruins of Machu Picchu.


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

Professor Bingham discovered the lost ruins of Machu Picchu.


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

What looks like rocks to us might be a glorious sight to a scientist.


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

What looks like rocks to us might be a glorious sight to a scientist.


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

The terraced fields on the side of the mountain were for growing crops.


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

The terraced fields on the side of the mountain were for growing crops.


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

Granite cliffs rose thousands of feet above the river.


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

Granite cliffs rose thousands of feet above the river.


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

The farmers cut terraces on steep hillsides to create flat places to farm.


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

The farmers cut terraces on steep hillsides to create flat places to farm.


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

A farmer’s home was usually a one-room adobe hut.


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

A farmer’s home was usually a one-room adobe hut.


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

They had to cross mountain rivers that fall in a raging torrent.


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

They had to cross mountain rivers that fall in a raging torrent.


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

Nights in the highlands were very cold.


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

Nights in the highlands were very cold.


Writing assignment write a poem

Writing Assignment Write a Poem

  • Write a brief poem using at least 3 spelling words.

  • The poem may be rhyming or non-rhyming.

  • It may be about any acceptable subject matter.


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

Spelling Words Syllable Patterns v/cv and vc/vWhen the vowel sound in the first syllable is long, divide after the vowel.

  • basic

  • vacant

  • secret

  • tripod

  • locust

  • local

  • tiger

  • beware

  • donate

  • emotion


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

Spelling WordsSyllable Patterns v/cv and vc/vWhen the vowel sound in the first syllable is short, divide after the consonant.

  • honor

  • novel

  • lizard

  • tribute

  • spinach

  • second

  • cabin

  • habit

  • dragon

  • olive


Challenge

CHALLENGE

  • icicles

  • lemonade

  • momentum

  • economy

  • isosceles


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

This Week’s Word Wall Words

ancient civilizations

explorers

colonial

mission

Mayflower Compact


Lost city the discovery of machu picchu

Let’s review our Spelling words. Watch carefully because they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


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