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LOST CITY The Discovery of Machu Picchu. By Ted Lewin Day 1 Day 4 Day 2 Day 5 Day 3 Vocabulary Definitions Vocabulary Sentences Additional Resources. Study Skills. Genre: Narrative Nonfiction Comprehension Skill: Compare Contrast

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LOST CITY The Discovery of Machu Picchu

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LOST CITY The Discovery of Machu Picchu

By Ted Lewin

Day 1Day 4

Day 2 Day 5

Day 3

Vocabulary Definitions

Vocabulary Sentences

Additional Resources


Study Skills

  • Genre: Narrative Nonfiction

  • Comprehension Skill: Compare Contrast

  • Comprehension Strategy: Visualize

  • Comprehension Review Skill: Sequence

  • Vocabulary: Word Structure – Greek and Latin Roots


Genre: Narrative Nonfiction

Narrative nonfiction can tell the story of a real event such as the discovery of a lost city. The details of the event are presented in sequence so that readers can understand the cause-and-effect relationships.


Summary

Professor Hiram Bingham goes on a journey to Peru to find the lost city of Machu Picchu. With the help of a farmer named Arteaga and a Quechua boy, Bingham finds something unexpected -- the beautiful city of Machu Picchu sitting among the clouds.


Comprehension Skill Review: Compare and Contrast

  • A Comparison tells how two or more things are alike.

  • A Contrast tells how they are different

  • Clue words such as like, same or as show similarities.

  • Clue words such as

  • or unlike show differences.


Day 1 - Question of the Week

  • What surprises can happen on an expedition?


Vocabulary - Say It

  • thickets

  • torrent

  • terraced

  • curiosity

  • glorious

  • ruins

  • granite


More Words to Know

remote

rugged

ventured

adobe

highland

terraces


Comprehension Strategy Visualize

  • Good readers visualize as they read.

  • This means they create pictures in their minds.

  • Sensory words such as sticky and cracklecan help you experience what you are reading.


Listen to the Story


Comprehension Skill- Sequence Pg. 551

  • Sequencemeans the order in which things happen.

  • Dates, times, and clue words such as first, then, next,and last can help you understand the order of events.

  • Sometimes two or more events happen at the same time. Words such as meanwhile and during can show this.


Compare and Contrast PB 213

3. Rome was a huge empire.

2. They both produced great poets and artists.

4. Rome had more advanced building methods

5. _____________________________________________________________


  • A locul farm boy guided Hiram Bingham to Machu picchu.

    2. The cityies location had been a secrit to most people until then.


Comparatives & Superlatives


What’s your function?

  • A comparative compares two items.

    • nicer, cooler, meaner

  • A superlative compares three items.

    • nicest, coolest, meanest

  • They can be used as adjectives.


Grammar Warm-up

  • Write one comparative sentenceandone superlative sentence for each adjective listed below:


  • What is the comparative form of the adjective slow?

  • What is the superlative form of the adjective slow?


Did You Know…

  • Adjectives that have two or more syllablessometime require more or most to make the comparative and superlative forms.


  • What is the comparative form of the adjective ferocious?

  • What is the superlative form of the adjective ferocious?


Day 2 - Question of the Day

  • Why do you think Hiram Bingham was willing to go on such a difficult expedition?


Vocabulary Strategy – Greek and Latin Roots

  • Many English words have Latin or Greek roots.

  • For example, the Latin word terra means “earth, land.” Part of it appears in words such as terrain and territory.

  • The Latin word gloria means “praise”; part of it appears in words such as glorify, meaning “to praise.”

  • You might be able to use Latin and Greek roots to help you figure out the meaning of an unknown word.


1. What is the Latin word for terraced?

terra – it has to do with land

2. How does the root in glorious…

it means “praise”

3. What do you think terrain means?...

refers to ground you walk on – “land”

4. It does not make sense . . .

it refers to something worth of praise

5.Write a sentence. . .

________________________________

Practice Word Structure


curiosity

an eager desire to know or learn


glorious

magnificent; splendid


ruins

what is left after a building, wall, etc., has fallen to pieces


granite

a very hard gray or pink rock that is formed when lava cools slowly underground


thickets

bushes or small trees growing close together


torrent

a violent, rushing stream of water


  • formed into a flat, level land with steep sides; terraces are often made in hilly areas to create more space for farming

terraced


remote

  • out of the way; secluded


rugged

covered with rough edges; rough and uneven


ventured

dared to come or go (to a new or unknown place)


adobe

built with bricks made from clay baked in the sun


highland

related to a region that is higher and hillier than the neighboring countryside


terraces

flat raised levelsof land with straight or sloping sides. Terraces are often made one above the other in hilly areas to create more space for raising crops.


Weekly Fluency Check -Phrasing

  • Grouping words that go together and making corrections if you make mistakes helps listeners to understand a selection better.

  • Break up long sentences by grouping related words into meaningful phrases.

  • Echo read the last paragraph on p. 544.


3. After an long climb Bingham came across the city.

4. The ruins were the better he had ever seed.


SOME RULES ABOUT FORMING COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES

  • One syllable adjectives generally form the comparative by adding -er and the superlative by adding -est, e.g.:


SPELLING RULES

  • Note that if a one syllable adjective ends in a single vowel letter followed by a single consonant letter, the consonant letter is doubled, e.g.: thin → thinner, big → biggest.

  • If an adjective ends in -e, this is removed when adding -er/-est, e.g.: wide → wider/widest.

  • If an adjective ends in a consonant followed by -y, -y is replaced by -i when adding -er/-est, e.g.: dry → drier/driest.


TWO SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES

  • two syllable adjectives which end in -y usually form the comparative by adding -er and the superlative by adding -est, (note the change of -y to -i in the comparative/superlative) e.g.:


TWO SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES

  • two syllable adjectives ending in -ed, -ing, -ful, or -less always form the comparative with more and the superlative with the most, e.g.:


THREE SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES

  • Adjectives which have three or more syllables always form the comparative and superlative with MORE and THE MOST, e.g.:

  • The only exceptions are some three syllable adjectives which have been formed by adding the prefix -un to another adjective, especially those formed from an adjective ending in -y. These adjectives can form comparatives and superlatives by using more/most or adding -er/-est, e.g.:unhappy – unhappier – the unhappiest/ the most unhappy


Group WOrk

  • Readers & WB 214

  • Spelling Day 2

  • Language Arts WB 85

  • Tri-fold Section 2

  • SmartBoard- Vocabulary


Day 3 - Question of the Day

  • What are some of the difficulties and satisfactions in the life of an archeologist?


Review Questions

  • Why might so few people have known about the ruins?

  • What might have happened before the boy had a dream about the stranger?

  • What did Bingham see after he found the sun temple?

  • Make a generalization about the Incas from what you have learned in this story.

  • Why did the author include the boy’s thoughts?


Review Questions

  • What did the boy call the camera? Why?

  • What is the main idea of the selection?

  • How was the author’s search for the ruins different from Bingham’s?

  • How would you describe the journey to Machu Picchu?

  • How are Cusco and the first capital of the Inca alike? Different?


Archeologists have curiosity about people who lived long ago.


Archeologists have curiosity about people who lived long ago.


They had to cut their way through jungles with thickets full of dangerous animals.


They had to cut their way through jungles with thickets full of dangerous animals.


Professor Bingham discovered the lost ruins of Machu Picchu.


Professor Bingham discovered the lost ruins of Machu Picchu.


What looks like rocks to us might be a glorious sight to a scientist.


What looks like rocks to us might be a glorious sight to a scientist.


The terraced fields on the side of the mountain were for growing crops.


The terraced fields on the side of the mountain were for growing crops.


Granite cliffs rose thousands of feet above the river.


Granite cliffs rose thousands of feet above the river.


The farmers cut terraces on steep hillsides to create flat places to farm.


The farmers cut terraces on steep hillsides to create flat places to farm.


A farmer’s home was usually a one-room adobe hut.


A farmer’s home was usually a one-room adobe hut.


They had to cross mountain rivers that fall in a raging torrent.


They had to cross mountain rivers that fall in a raging torrent.


Nights in the highlands were very cold.


Nights in the highlands were very cold.


5. What an amazing place this were for a city.

6. How do people centuries ago build anything so high in

the mountains.


Group Work

  • Partner Read & WB 127-128

  • Spelling Day 3

  • Language Arts WB 86

  • Tri-Fold Section 3

  • SmartBoard- Reading Review


TOC


Day 4 - Question of the Day - Review

How is visiting Machu Picchu today different from the trip Hiram Bingham made?


7. Machu Picchu is famouser than this inca city.

8. Thousands of tourists visits every year, they bring money

to the local economy.


Group Work

  • Reading Computer Test

  • Language Arts WB 87

  • Essay Questions

  • Tri-fold Section 4


TOC


Essay Questions

  • Why might so few people have known about the ruins?

  • Why did the boy call the camera a “black box”?

  • How was the author’s search for the ruins different than Bingham’s?


Day 5 - Question of the WeekTE 488L

  • What surprises can happen on an expedition?


Study Skill – Outline TE 559L

  • Outlining helps you understand text structure and remember information.

  • An outline is a plan that show how a story or other text is organized.

  • You can also you an outline to organize your thoughts before you write something of your own.

  • Outlining information can also help you prepare for tests.


Study Skill – Outline TE 559L

  • The title is listed at the top of the outline.

  • Topics are the most important ideas. They are identified with Roman numerals.

  • Subtitles are listed under a topic and tell more about it. They are identified with capital letters.

  • Details are listed under a subtopic and tell more about it. They are identified with numbers.

  • Let’s look at PB 219 and 220.


Practice Outlines

Machu Picchu (Title)

I. In the Past (Main Idea)

A. The Inca People (Subtopic)

B. The End of the Inca

C. The Legacy

1. Architecture (details)

2. Artifacts

3. Roads

II. Modern History

A. Rediscovery 1911

B.

C.


5. What an amazing place this were for a city.

6. How do people centuries ago build anything so high in

the mountains.


Group Work

  • Reading WB 219-220

  • Language Arts WB 88

  • Writing Assignment

  • Tri-Fold Section 5

  • SmartBoard Game - Comparing with Adjectives


Writing Assignment Write a Poem

  • Write a brief poem using at least 3 spelling words.

  • The poem may be rhyming or non-rhyming.

  • It may be about any acceptable subject matter.


Additional Resources

  • More about Machu Picchu

  • Photo Essay of Machu Picchu

  • Web Quest

  • Great PowerPoint on Machu Picchu

  • Machu Picchu - How They Kept the Secret

  • More on the Incas

  • Inca Trail Map

  • Reading Review

  • Vocabulary

  • Comparing with Adjectives

  • Adjectives - Comparative & Superlative Quiz

  • Adjectives preceded by "more" Quiz

  • BrainPop: Outlines


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