Power searching 101 a crash course
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Power Searching 101: a crash course. The stuff you need to know about searching BEFORE you begin your senior project research paper assignment!. But we know how to do it!.

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Power Searching 101: a crash course

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Power searching 101 a crash course

PowerSearching 101: a crash course

The stuff you need to

know about searching

BEFORE

you begin your senior project research paper assignment!


But we know how to do it

But we know how to do it!


Power searching 101 a crash course

Sorry.This review won’t hurt too much! I promise!!!! Besides, it will help as you begin this very important project!


Let the review begin

Let the review begin!


Power searching 101 a crash course

I’m a librarian…of course I’m going to begin with print sources – BOOKS!


Power searching 101 a crash course

1

2

3


Please remember

Please remember:

  • In order to checkout a book, a $15 refundable deposit is required.

  • A better option might be to use the photo copier @ 10 cents per page.

    • Be sure to write the name of your source on the copy to help you with correct documentation later!


Try something new

Try something new!

  • Playaways (audiobooks)

    • Fiction

    • No deposit required

  • Gale Virtual Reference Library (e-Books)

    • Password: wood17828

    • Career Information Center (13 volumes)

    • No deposit required


Power searching 101 a crash course

Do you know…

…the difference between

free Web search tools and subscription databases?


Power searching 101 a crash course

Hmmmm


Does the internet site try to persuade rather than inform

Does the internet site try to persuade rather than inform?

BEWARE!


Is the page actually an ad disguised as information

Is the page actually an ad disguised as information?

BEWARE!


Is the information trying to sway you

Is the information trying to sway you?

BEWARE!


Is the bias explicit or hidden

Is the bias explicit or hidden?

BEWARE!


Does the identity of the sponsor suggest bias

BEWARE!

Does the identity of the sponsor suggest bias?


Evaluate internet sites before using them

Evaluate Internet sites before using them!

You must sort out

the gems from

the junk!


To cite a web site

To cite a web site:

  • Name of the page

  • Who’s page is it?

    (person or group)

  • URL

  • Date of access


As you search consider

As you search, consider . . .

What types of sources does your instructor want you to cite:

Scholarly sources?

Popular sources?

Periodicals?

Database sources?

Internet sources?

Wikipedia?????


Power searching 101 a crash course

Great for PRE-search, rather than research!

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_bombing


Power searching 101 a crash course

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deep_fried_Mars_Bar


Power searching 101 a crash course

Internet searching

can be frustrating!

Why can’t I find

what I want?

Glad you asked!


Power searching 101 a crash course

SEARCHER ERROR:

incorrect spelling/typo

(you'll find Web pages with the same typo!)

one of the most common problems and easy to remedy

e.g. searching for stacksinstead of stocks


Power searching 101 a crash course

SEARCHER ERROR:

poorly described or conceptualized topic

know what you are looking for, and if this is not possible, know what you are NOT looking for (eliminate if necessary)

e.g. searching for something on tobacco

instead of tobacco and government subsidies


Power searching 101 a crash course

SEARCHER ERROR:

query is too general

narrow your focus

e.g. searching for cars

instead of Toyota Camry 2004 


Power searching 101 a crash course

SEARCHER ERROR:

query is too specific

broaden your search using synonyms or larger categories

e.g. searching for flashing lime green stop sign in a gif format

instead of stop signs and gif


Power searching 101 a crash course

SEARCHER ERROR:

expect instant success, or give up

Be patient! It takes effort to find exactly what you are looking for….and who knows….you might learn to enjoy the hunt!


How well do you search

How well do YOU search?

Use GOOGLE to answer this question:

Which of William Shakespeare’s plays has been said to refer to the Gunpowder Plot of 1605?


One search path is

ONE Search Path is:

62!

Tip: Open the web site….Edit/Find…“gunpowder”… You are there!

"William Shakespeare" play

"gunpowder plot" 1605 site:edu


Ready to become a power searcher

Ready to become apower searcher?

Let’s begin with a few tips & tricks

to help you find the

needle in the haystack!


Good searchers

Good searchers….

  • Search the free Internet and subscription databases

  • Make use of advanced search screens

  • Use search strategies

  • Use peripheral vision--they mine their results for additional keywords to use as search terms


Power searching 101 a crash course

“Mine” other keywords for searching!


Students often

Students often…..

  • Do not search strategically

  • Assume search engines understand natural language style

  • Continually repeat failed search terms and strategies

  • Show a lack of concern for the quality of their sources or the accuracy of the information found


A question is not a search query

A question is not a search query.

How many buffalo remain in the United States?

Who is the president of France?


Tips for a good search query

Tips for a good search query:

  • Focus on nouns (verbs are often vague, stop words like articles—a, an, the—are ignored by most engines).

  • Consider alternate forms of words (truncate when you can).

    adolesc* for adolescent, adolescents, adolescence

  • Anticipate synonyms and related words.

    teen, teens, teenagers, youth, students

  • Check your spelling. Bad spelling usually turns up hits, just bad hits.

  • Use lowercase letters unless you are searching for proper names. Turn off the CAPS LOCK!

  • Follow “more like this” or “similar pages” links.


Phrase searching

Phrase Searching

  • This can be one of the best search strategies!

  • Use only for legitimate phrases, names, titles.

    • “vitamin A”

    • “John Quincy Adams”

    • “An Officer and a Gentleman”

  • Phrase searching is sometimes overused - not every group of words is a phrase.

  • Sometimes using AND is a better strategy.


  • Power searching 101 a crash course

    To search the

    free Web is

    notenough!


    Power searching 101 a crash course

    Simple

    vs.

    Advanced

    When searching the Internet

    or using databases, it’s all

    about power searching!


    Power searching 101 a crash course

    Advanced screen


    Power searching 101 a crash course

    This is an important choice!


    Power searching 101 a crash course

    Stop using stop wordsin your searches!

    in, of, the, a, to you, why, who, what, on, than, then, their, an, his, her, be, etc.


    Power searching 101 a crash course

    Using stop or noise words instead of a Boolean operator

    List of English “stop words”


    3 crucial tips for conquering the google game

    3 crucial tips for conquering theGoogle Game

    * *by Katrine Watkins and Kathleen Elder

    School Library Journal, January 2006

    • “ ”exact phrases

    • + -narrow your search

    • site:limit to more authoritative sites


    Search exact phrases

    Search exact phrases

    “human rights”

    “affirmative action”

    “bourbon dynasty”

    “great depression”


    Add some math

    Add some math

    • Use a minus sign to exclude a word from your search

      vikings -Minnesota

      buffalo -football

      depression -great


    Use more authoritative sites

    Use more authoritative sites

    site:edu

    site:gov

    site:org


    The goals of the game

    The goals of the game:

    Think critically to refine a search

    Reduce the number of hits to wade through

    Have the best site rise to the top


    Assignment research seasonal depression a mental disorder often occurring at christmas

    Assignment: research seasonal depression, a mental disorder often occurring at Christmas

    Depression 85,500,000 hits

    Seasonal depression 10,500,000 hits

    Depression -great seasonal 1,690,000 hits

    To above, add site:edu 61,900 hits

    Then add FAQ 382 hits


    Question explain how poe used the raven as a symbol in his famous poem

    Question: Explain how Poe used the raven as a symbol in his famous poem.

    the raven 8,120,000 hits

    raven poe 893,000 hits

    raven poe symbol 92,100 hits

    “edgar allan poe” raven symbol 44,800 hits

    To above, add site:edu 362 hits


    Now your turn

    Now your turn…

    Let’s play the

    Google Game


    The goals of the game1

    The goals of the game:

    Think critically to refine a search

    Reduce the number of hits to wade through

    Have the best site rise to the top


    What are the methods of tattoo removal that a teen might consider

    What are the methods of tattoo removal that a teen might consider?

    One optimal search: methods “tattoo removal” site:gov (380 hits)

    Answer: dermabrasion, excision, laser removal


    Who is the prince of pop and what is the blotted line that he made famous

    Who is the Prince of Pop, and what is the blotted line that he made famous?

    One optimal search: "Prince of Pop" "blotted line" (24 hits)

    Answer: Andy Warhol's early drawing technique


    What sport was mamie peanut johnson playing when she got her nickname

    What sport was Mamie Peanut Johnson playing when she got her nickname?

    One optimal search: "Mamie Peanut Johnson" sport nickname site:gov (2 hits)

    Answer: Negro League baseball


    Power searching 101 a crash course

    Habits of mind

    applied to senior project:

    • Working toward a goal with enthusiasm

    • Using resources wisely

    • Seeking accuracy

    • Seeking clarity

    • Evaluating the effectiveness of your own actions

    • Planning ahead

    • Meeting deadlines

    • Being responsive to feedback

    • Being open-minded

    • Engaging intensely


    Help screens can help

    Help screens can help…


    Power searching 101 a crash course

    …but librarians can really help! Be sure to ask!


    Let s update an old proverb

    Let’s update an old proverb:

    Chinese Proverb:

    21st Century Precept :

    • Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day.

    • Teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime.

    Give a student the answer to a question and he can finish his homework.

    Teach a student how to search effectively and create a lifelong learner.


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