Motivation: Drives, Hunger, and the Hierarchy of Needs. Please close your eyes and think about the future . What do you want to happen?. Motivation Guides Behavior. Motivation: is a stimulus that directs behavior.
Please close your eyes and think about the future. What do you want to happen?
Instinct / Evolutionary Perspective
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
the process by which animals form attachments during a limited critical period early in life
Tink the dachsand & her piglet “puppy”, Pink.
+ Provides survival value
– Doesn’t meet the complexity of most human behavior
Instinct to Survive
Need: a situation where you require something we lack.
+ Primary drives satisfied
+ Homeostasis for bio needs
– Does not account for secondary motives
Examples of secondary motives:
Drive Reduction Theory does not explain why we want these things!
Drive reduction theory
Babies Explore their surroundings out of curiosity.
Ex. Amnesia Patients who cannot remember their last meal will readily eat another meal soon after the previous one.
Monkey Stew is a popular dish in some Eastern cultures.
This steak would seem repulsive to eat to most Hindus.
IDEAL UNTIL 1900’S
Child: “As long as she pays,
Mom: “Your grades were great!
Let’s celebrate by going out
Child: “I love doing well.’’
Intrinsic motivationIntrinsic vs. Extrinsic
Mr. Holland's Opus
Example of extrinsic motivation:
Example of intrinsic motivation:
You are facing a deadline in which you must get a paper done.
You read a good nonfiction book for the sake of learning new things.
You practice your sport because you enjoy playing it.
You perform your job well because you think it will get you a bonus at the end of the year.
You start working out because you want to pick up more ladies.
You write poetry because you like getting your feelings out on paper.
You are a coach and you give a player the “most improved” award.