Keesha Holden-White Marie Laramee Wilmington University Spring 2010. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Abraham Maslow. Background. Research. First to study the Psychology of Health Human Sexuality Humanistic Psychology. Born April 1, 1908 in Brooklyn, NY One of seven siblings
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
First to study the Psychology of Health
City College of New York
University of Wisconsin
Psychology – 1931
“What a man can be, he must be.”
~ Influenced by Kurt Goldstein who introduced him to the idea of self-actualization
~ Maslow’s humanistic psychology focused on the development of healthy people
Description of Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs
Art, Beauty, Freedom
Personal Fulfillment, Creativity
As an individual becomes more
self-actualized, one becomes wiser and automatically knows what to do in a wide variety of situations
Friendship, Family Belonging, Identity
Confidence, Justice, Respect, Recognition
Security of the body, Health and Property
Food, Water, Sleep
A hierarchy of important processes
that are critical for development and growth
of the total person (McEwen & Wills, 2007).
YouTube Video on Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QxdNzOVRAmA&feature=fvw
According to McEwen (2007),
Maslow’s theory has been utilized in
research on humanistic psychology:
Daly, Jackson ,and Davidson described how humanistic psychology added the concept of hope to nursing.
Acton and Malathum examined promotion of self-care behaviors in adults
Hendry and Douglas examined enhancing quality of life for clients diagnosed with dementia
Benson and Dundis researched how to motivate employees
Current research has been conducted based on different operationalizations of Maslow’s concepts.
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is easily applied to nursing practice.
Personal Nursing Practice
There are many criticisms to Maslow’s theory
“I had a vision of a peace table, with people sitting around it, talking about human nature and hatred, war and peace, and brotherhood. I was too old to go into the army (1941). It was at that moment I realized that the rest of my life must be devoted to discovering a psychology for the peace table. That moment changed my whole life. Since then, I've devoted myself to developing a theory of human nature that could be tested by experiment and research. I wanted to prove that humans are capable of something grander than war, prejudice, and hatred. I wanted to make science consider all the people: the best specimen of mankind I could find. I found that many of them reported having something like mystical experiences.”
- Abraham Maslow
Abraham Maslow. (2008, April 3). New World Encyclopedia. Retrieved April 10, 2010, from
Abraham Maslow Father of modern management. (2009). Maslow's Hierarchy of
Needs . Retrieved April 11, 2010, from Abraham Maslow Father of modern management:
Boeree, D. C. (2006). Abraham Maslow. Retrieved April 10, 2010, from Personality Theories:
Businessballs.com. (1995-2010). Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Retrieved April 11, 2010,
from businessballs.com: http://www.businessballs.com/maslow.htm
Learning-Theories.com. (2008). Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Retrieved April 12, 2010,
McEwen, M., & Wills, E. M. (2007). Theoretical basis for nursing (2nd ed.). Pennsylvania:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
NetNBA. (2002-2007). Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Retrieved April 12, 2010, from NetNBA
Business knowledge center: http://www.netmba.com/mgmt/ob/motivation/ma
Wahba, M. A. & Bridwell, L. G. (1976) Maslow reconsidered; A review of research on the need hierarchy theory.
Organization Behavior and Human Performance, 15, 212-240.