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Speech. Outlining and Organizing . Organization format. Topic – or title General purpose: to inform, persuade, demonstrate etc. Specific purpose: Thesis: Main points:. Example. SPECIFIC PURPOSE: To show my audience, through a series of easy steps, how to perform meditation.

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Presentation Transcript
speech

Speech

Outlining and Organizing

organization format
Organization format
  • Topic – or title
  • General purpose: to inform, persuade, demonstrate etc.
  • Specific purpose:
  • Thesis:
  • Main points:
example
Example

SPECIFIC PURPOSE:

To show my audience, through a series of easy steps, how to perform meditation.

THESIS:

When performed correctly, meditation is an effective and easy way to reduce stress.

MAIN POINTS:

  • The first step of meditation is the “Positioning.”
  • The second step of meditation is “Breathing.”
  • The third step of meditation is “Relaxation.”
alternate numbers letters
Alternate numbers/letters
  • Show relationship of parts to one another
    • Major point
      • First-level supporting point
        • Second level supporting point
        • Second level supporting point
          • Third-level supporting point
          • Third level supporting point
      • First level supporting point
    • Major point
      • First level supporting point
      • First level supporting point
tips for constructing main points
Tips for constructing main points
  • Write points in sentence form
  • Construct parallel points
    • Don’t write out some points as questions and others as statements – be consistent
  • A main point should not introduce more than one idea.

INCORRECT: I. West Texas has its own Grand Canyon, and South Texas has its own desert.

CORRECT: I. West Texas boasts its own Grand Canyon.

II. South Texas boasts its own desert.

outlines
Outlines

Two types

  • Working outline – the preparation or rough outline
    • Organize and firm up main points
    • Using information collected to develop supporting points to substantiate them
  • Speaking outline – the delivery
    • Shortened version of working outline
    • Has cues and clues for delivery
    • Written on 4x6 note cards or 8.5x11” sheets of paper with large print
working outline
Working outline
  • Use full sentences
  • Helps with confidence for delivery
  • Ideas are clearly stated making delivery easier
  • Do not write out the speech word for word
  • Clearly mark where source credits will be placed.
  • Give your speech a title
working outline reminders
Working outline reminders
  • Write out your topic, general purpose, specific purpose, and thesis
  • Establish main points (three is optimum)
  • flesh out supporting points
  • Check for subordination and coordination
  • Label each speech part (intro, body, concl.)
  • Write out each speech point in sentence format
  • Label and write out transitions
  • Add a list of references to outline
  • Assign the speech a title
speaking outline
Speaking outline
  • Outline taken to podium
    • Use note cards
      • Write legibly or type
      • Number to keep in order
      • Write on one side only
      • Delete nonessential words
      • Five or six lines per card
      • Highlight important ideas
      • Circle/underline words to emphasize
      • Write delivery reminders – (pause, slow down)
speaking outline tips
Speaking outline tips
  • Leave some blank space at the margins to help find your place at a glance.
  • Number your note cards or sheets of paper so you can follow them with ease
  • Instead of turning cards or sheets, slide them under one another
  • Do not staple notes or sheets together
  • Don’t use the cards or sheets in hand gestures, as they become distracting.
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