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Speech. Outlining and Organizing . Organization format. Topic – or title General purpose: to inform, persuade, demonstrate etc. Specific purpose: Thesis: Main points:. Example. SPECIFIC PURPOSE: To show my audience, through a series of easy steps, how to perform meditation.

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Presentation Transcript
Speech

Speech

Outlining and Organizing


Organization format
Organization format

  • Topic – or title

  • General purpose: to inform, persuade, demonstrate etc.

  • Specific purpose:

  • Thesis:

  • Main points:


Example
Example

SPECIFIC PURPOSE:

To show my audience, through a series of easy steps, how to perform meditation.

THESIS:

When performed correctly, meditation is an effective and easy way to reduce stress.

MAIN POINTS:

  • The first step of meditation is the “Positioning.”

  • The second step of meditation is “Breathing.”

  • The third step of meditation is “Relaxation.”


Alternate numbers letters
Alternate numbers/letters

  • Show relationship of parts to one another

    • Major point

      • First-level supporting point

        • Second level supporting point

        • Second level supporting point

          • Third-level supporting point

          • Third level supporting point

      • First level supporting point

    • Major point

      • First level supporting point

      • First level supporting point


Tips for constructing main points
Tips for constructing main points

  • Write points in sentence form

  • Construct parallel points

    • Don’t write out some points as questions and others as statements – be consistent

  • A main point should not introduce more than one idea.

    INCORRECT: I. West Texas has its own Grand Canyon, and South Texas has its own desert.

    CORRECT: I. West Texas boasts its own Grand Canyon.

    II. South Texas boasts its own desert.



Outlines
Outlines

Two types

  • Working outline – the preparation or rough outline

    • Organize and firm up main points

    • Using information collected to develop supporting points to substantiate them

  • Speaking outline – the delivery

    • Shortened version of working outline

    • Has cues and clues for delivery

    • Written on 4x6 note cards or 8.5x11” sheets of paper with large print


Working outline
Working outline

  • Use full sentences

  • Helps with confidence for delivery

  • Ideas are clearly stated making delivery easier

  • Do not write out the speech word for word

  • Clearly mark where source credits will be placed.

  • Give your speech a title


Working outline reminders
Working outline reminders

  • Write out your topic, general purpose, specific purpose, and thesis

  • Establish main points (three is optimum)

  • flesh out supporting points

  • Check for subordination and coordination

  • Label each speech part (intro, body, concl.)

  • Write out each speech point in sentence format

  • Label and write out transitions

  • Add a list of references to outline

  • Assign the speech a title


Speaking outline
Speaking outline

  • Outline taken to podium

    • Use note cards

      • Write legibly or type

      • Number to keep in order

      • Write on one side only

      • Delete nonessential words

      • Five or six lines per card

      • Highlight important ideas

      • Circle/underline words to emphasize

      • Write delivery reminders – (pause, slow down)


Speaking outline tips
Speaking outline tips

  • Leave some blank space at the margins to help find your place at a glance.

  • Number your note cards or sheets of paper so you can follow them with ease

  • Instead of turning cards or sheets, slide them under one another

  • Do not staple notes or sheets together

  • Don’t use the cards or sheets in hand gestures, as they become distracting.


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