Reported speech indirect speech
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Reported speech / Indirect speech. Direct speech Indirect speech. Contamos lo que alguien ha dicho sin hacer ningún cambio en sus palabras. Contamos lo que alguien ha dicho pero no repetimos exactamente sus palabras. Las comillas desaparecen. Direct speech Indirect speech.

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Reported speech / Indirect speech

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Reported speech indirect speech

Reported speech / Indirect speech


Direct speech indirect speech

Direct speech Indirect speech

Contamos lo que alguien ha dicho sin hacer ningún cambio en sus palabras.

Contamos lo que alguien ha dicho pero no repetimos exactamente sus palabras.

Las comillas desaparecen.


Direct speech indirect speech1

Direct speech Indirect speech

El reporting verb está en presente.

El reporting verb está en pasado.

El tiempo verbal no cambia.

El tiempo verbal da un salto al pasado.


Direct speech indirect speech2

Direct speech Indirect speech

George says: “I want to eat.”

George says thathe wants to eat.


Direct speech indirect speech3

Direct speech Indirect speech

“I hate horor films.” says Sergio.

Sergio says thathe hates horror films.


Direct speech indirect speech statements

Direct speech Indirect speechStatements

Subject + reporting verb + (that) + subject + verb…


Direct speech indirect speech4

Direct speech Indirect speech

Contamos lo que alguien ha dicho sin hacer ningún cambio en sus palabras.

Detrás del “sujeto + said” ponemos la conjunción that.

El verbo da un salto atrás hacia el pasado.


Direct speech indirect speech5

Direct speech Indirect speech

Contamos lo que alguien ha dicho sin hacer ningún cambio en sus palabras.

Detrás del “sujeto + tell + C. directo” ponemos la conjunción that.

El verbo da un salto atrás hacia el pasado.


Direct speech indirect speech6

Direct speech Indirect speech

Contamos lo que alguien ha dicho sin hacer ningún cambio en sus palabras.

Los pronombres personales cambian.

Los adjetivos posesivos cambian.

Los pronombres posesivos cambian.


Direct speech indirect speech7

Direct speech Indirect speech

Contamos lo que alguien ha dicho sin hacer ningún cambio en sus palabras.

Los demostrativos cambian.

Las expresiones de tiempo cambian.

Las expresiones de lugar cambian.


Direct speech indirect speech8

Direct speech Indirect speech

Present simple.

Present continuous.

Have.

Will.

Can.

Must.

May.

Past simple.

Past continuous.

Had.

Would.

Could.

Had to.

Might.


Direct speech indirect speech9

Direct speech Indirect speech

Past simple.

Present perfect simple.

Past perfect simple.

Past perfect continuous.

Past perfect simple.

Past perfect simple.

Past perfect simple.

Past perfect continuous.


Direct speech indirect speech10

Direct speech Indirect speech

Now.

Today.

Tomorrow.

This.

These.

Here.

I.

My.

Then.

That day.

The next / following day.

That.

Those.

There.

He / She.

His / Her.


Direct speech indirect speech11

Direct speech Indirect speech

Yesterday.

The day before yesterday.

The day after tomorrow.

Next week.

Last month.

Ten years ago.

The day before.

Two days before.

Two days later.

The following week / the week after.

The previous month / the month before.

Ten years before.


Direct speech indirect speech12

Direct speech Indirect speech

George said: “I want to eat.”

George said thathewanted to eat.


Direct speech indirect speech13

Direct speech Indirect speech

“I want to be famous,” said Alex to her friends.

Alex said thatshewanted to be famous.


Direct speech indirect speech14

Direct speech Indirect speech

“I want to be famous,” said Alex to her friends.

Alex told her friendsthatshewanted to be famous.


Direct speech indirect speech15

Direct speech Indirect speech

“I enjoy the beach,” Jenny said.

Jenny said that she enjoyed the beach.


Direct speech indirect speech16

Direct speech Indirect speech

“Brad is studying,”his mum said.

Brad’s mum said that he was studying.


Direct speech indirect speech17

Direct speech Indirect speech

“You can see Big Ben if you go to London,” the tour guide said.

The tour guide said that I could see Big Ben if I went to London.


Direct speech indirect speech18

Direct speech Indirect speech

“You must be 18 to drive,” the police said.

The police said that I had to be 18 to drive.


Direct speech indirect speech19

Direct speech Indirect speech

“I will bring you my CD tomorrow,” Jane said.

Jane said that she would bring me her CD the next day.


Direct speech indirect speech20

Direct speech Indirect speech

“We have been here before,” he said.

He said that they had been there before.


Direct speech indirect speech21

Direct speech Indirect speech

“There was an earthquake last night,” the reporter said.

The reporter said that there had been an earthquake the night before.


Direct speech indirect speech22

Direct speech Indirect speech

“I hate reality TV,” said Jenny.

Jenny said that she hated reality TV.


Direct speech indirect speech23

Direct speech Indirect speech

“I was really proud of my brother when he won a quiz show,” said Clare.

Clare said that shehad been really proud of her brother when he had won a quiz show.


Direct speech indirect speech24

Direct speech Indirect speech

“These people deserve better,” stated the MP.

The MP stated that those people deserved better.


Direct speech indirect speech25

Direct speech Indirect speech

“This café is awful;” we can’t eat here!” said Paul.

Paul said that that café was awful and they couldn’t eat there.


Direct speech indirect speech26

Direct speech Indirect speech

“I moved to Oxford six months ago, “ said Scarlett.

Scarlett said that she had moved to Oxford six months before.


Direct speech indirect speech27

Direct speech Indirect speech

“I buy the paper every day,” said Jamie.

Jamie said that he bought the paper every day.


Direct speech indirect speech28

Direct speech Indirect speech

“They are studying,” Kate told me.

Kate told me that they were studying.


Direct speech indirect speech29

Direct speech Indirect speech

“Daniel called me on Saturday,” said Mary.

Mary said that Daniel had called her on Saturday.


Direct speech indirect speech30

Direct speech Indirect speech

“I’ve seen all Almodóvar’s films,” announced Helen.

Helen announced that she had seen all Almodóvar’s films.


Direct speech indirect speech31

Direct speech Indirect speech

“I’ll help you with your homework,” said Ana.

Ana said that she would help me with my homework.


Direct speech indirect speech32

Direct speech Indirect speech

“I can speak Portuguese,” declared Richard.

Richard declared that he could speak Portuguese.


Direct speech indirect speech33

Direct speech Indirect speech

“It may snow today,” warned the weatherman.

The weatherman warned that it might snow that day.


Direct speech indirect speech34

Direct speech Indirect speech

“I must go,” said Betty.

Betty said that she had to go.


Questions in reported speech

Questions in reported speech


Direct speech indirect speech questions

Direct speech Indirect speechQuestions

Wh-questions.

Yes / No questions.

Subject + reporting verb + wh-word + subject + verb…

Subject + reporting verb + whether / if + subject + verb…


Direct speech indirect speech questions1

Direct speech Indirect speech Questions

Contamos lo que alguien ha preguntado sin hacer ningún cambio en sus palabras.

La interrogativa deja de serlo y se convierte en una oración enunciativa (sin inversión sujeto verbo, sin auxiliar, sin signo de interrogación).


Direct speech indirect speech questions2

Direct speech Indirect speech Questions

Contamos lo que alguien ha preguntado sin hacer ningún cambio en sus palabras.

El resto de cambios que vimos al principio se mantienen (verbos, pronombres, adjetivos, expresiones de tiempo, expresiones de lugar).


Direct speech indirect speech questions3

Direct speech Indirect speech Questions

Las Yes / No questions son las que se contestan con un sí o un no.

Al pasarlas a estilo indirecto empleamos el verbo ask + if…


Direct speech indirect speech questions4

Direct speech Indirect speech Questions

Las Wh-questions no se pueden contestar con un sí o un no porque empiezan con una partícula interrogativa (What, who, where, when, why,how,…).

Al pasarlas a estilo indirecto empleamos el verbo ask + Wh-word…


Direct speech indirect speech questions5

Direct speech Indirect speechQuestions

“Are they eating now?” I asked.

I asked if they were eating then.


Direct speech indirect speech questions6

Direct speech Indirect speechQuestions

“Is this our new car?” asked Rachel.

Rachel asked if that was their new car.


Direct speech indirect speech questions7

Direct speech Indirect speechQuestions

“What is the name of the new film?” she asked.

She asked whatthe name of the new film was.


Direct speech indirect speech questions8

Direct speech Indirect speechQuestions

“Where does Ryan live?” Carol asked.

Carol asked whereRyan lived.


Direct speech indirect speech questions9

Direct speech Indirect speechQuestions

“Can we meet now?” Don asked.

Don asked ifwe could meet then.


Direct speech indirect speech questions10

Direct speech Indirect speechQuestions

“How often do you listen to the Spanish radio?” Tim wanted to know.

Tim wanted to know how often we listened to the radio.


Direct speech indirect speech questions11

Direct speech Indirect speechQuestions

“How is English changing?” she asked.

She asked how English was changing.


Direct speech indirect speech questions12

Direct speech Indirect speechQuestions

“Why do girls want to look like size zero models?” asked the journalist.

The journalist asked why girls wanted to look like size zero models.


Direct speech indirect speech questions13

Direct speech Indirect speechQuestions

“Have you seen the news?” asked Jude.

Jude asked me if I had seen the news.


Direct speech indirect speech questions14

Direct speech Indirect speechQuestions

“How many people will be attending the conference?” asked the organizers.

The organizers asked how many people would be attending the conference.


Direct speech indirect speech questions15

Direct speech Indirect speechQuestions

“Are we obsessed with celebrities?” wondered the magazine editor.

The magazine editor wondered whether we were obsessed with celebrities.


Orders requests and suggestions in reported speech

Orders, requests and suggestions in reported speech


Direct speech indirect speech affirmative orders and requests

Direct speech Indirect speechAffirmative orders and requests

Subject + reporting verb + indirect object + to + infinitive…


Direct speech indirect speech affirmative orders and requests1

Direct speech Indirect speechAffirmative orders and requests

“Can you buy some chocolate when you go to the shop?” asked Susan.

Susan asked me to buy some chocolate when I went to the shop.


Direct speech indirect speech affirmative orders and requests2

Direct speech Indirect speechAffirmative orders and requests

“Read the text,” said the teacher to the students.

The teacher told the students to read the text.


Direct speech indirect speech negative orders and requests

Direct speech Indirect speechNegative orders and requests

Subject + reporting verb + indirect object + not + to + infinitive…


Direct speech indirect speech negative orders and requests1

Direct speech Indirect speechNegative orders and requests

“Don’t move!” the policeman ordered the criminal not to move.

The policeman ordered the criminal not to move.


Direct speech indirect speech suggestions

Direct speech Indirect speechSuggestions

Subject + suggest + (not) + verb +

-ing…

Subject + suggest + (that) + subject + infinitive without to…

Subject + suggest + (that) + should + infinitive without to…


Direct speech indirect speech suggestions1

Direct speech Indirect speechSuggestions

“Let’s not go to France this year,” suggested Jack.

Jack suggested not going to France that year.


Direct speech indirect speech suggestions2

Direct speech Indirect speechSuggestions

“How about having sushi tonight?” said Chloe.

Chloe suggested that we have sushi that night.


Direct speech indirect speech suggestions3

Direct speech Indirect speechSuggestions

“Why don’t we recycle more?” said Liam.

Liam suggested that we should recycle more.


Reporting verbs and structures

Reporting verbs and structures


Direct speech indirect speech reporting verbs

Direct speech Indirect speechReporting verbs

Subject + reporting verb + (not) + to + infinitive…

agree / offer / promise / refuse / threaten


Indirect speech reporting verbs

Indirect speechReporting verbs

He refused to leave the house.


Direct speech indirect speech reporting verbs1

Direct speech Indirect speechReporting verbs

Subject + reporting verb +indirect object + (not) + to + infinitive…

advise / ask / encourage / invite / order/ persuade / recommend / remind / tell / warn


Indirect speech reporting verbs1

Indirect speechReporting verbs

The weatherman warned us to expect a storm that night.


Direct speech indirect speech reporting verbs2

Direct speech Indirect speechReporting verbs

Subject + reporting verb + (not) + verb + -ing…

apologize for / deny / recommend / suggest


Indirect speech reporting verbs2

Indirect speechReporting verbs

The paparazzi apologized for harassing the actress.


Direct speech indirect speech reporting verbs3

Direct speech Indirect speechReporting verbs

Subject + reporting verb + (that) + subject + verb…

add / admit / agree / announce / claim / complain / declare / deny / explain / insist / mention / predict / promise / reply / reveal / say / state / suggest


Indirect speech reporting verbs3

Indirect speechReporting verbs

The man admitted that he had stolen the money.


Direct speech indirect speech reporting verbs4

Direct speech Indirect speechReporting verbs

Subject + reporting verb + indirect object + (that) + subject + verb…

persuade / remind / tell / warn


Indirect speech reporting verbs4

Indirect speechReporting verbs

Max reminded me that he was going out that night.


Direct speech indirect speech reporting verbs5

Direct speech Indirect speechReporting verbs

Subject + reporting verb + if / whether / wh-word + subject + verb…

ask / enquire / question / wonder / want to know


Indirect speech reporting verbs5

Indirect speechReporting verbs

The actor wondered whether he would win a prize at the awards ceremony that night.


Reported speech indirect speech

Marga Renedo Gómez


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