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Un repaso de. ESPAÑOL I. La gramática. Present tense verbs ( AR , ER , IR ) Definite & Indefinite Articles Personal A Irregular Verbs Ser vs. Estar. La gramática (cont). Possessives Agreement Present Progressive Commands (+ tú) 8 irregulars! DOP IOP. ¡Vamos!.

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Un repaso de

Unrepasode

ESPAÑOL I


La gram tica

La gramática

  • Present tense verbs (AR, ER, IR)

  • Definite & Indefinite Articles

  • Personal A

  • Irregular Verbs

  • Ser vs. Estar


La gram tica cont

La gramática (cont)

  • Possessives

  • Agreement

  • Present Progressive

  • Commands (+ tú)

    • 8 irregulars!

  • DOP

  • IOP


Vamos

¡Vamos!

  • How do you conjugate regular ar, er, and ir verbs?

    HABLARCOMERESCRIBIR


Definite articles

Definite Articles

  • Definite articles mean “the” and are SPECIFIC. (ie: “the” boy, “the” girl…)

  • What are they in Spanish?


Un repaso de

¿Masculino o femenino?

Me gusta el coche verde.

  • For masculine objects, use “el” or “los” if the object is plural.

  • For feminine objects, use “la” or “las” if the object is plural.

Las rosas blancas son bonitas.


Indefinite articles

Indefinite Articles

  • Indefinite articles mean “a,” “an,” or “some” and are NON-SPECIFIC. (ie: a horse, some sports)

  • What are they in Spanish?


Un repaso de

  • For masculine objects, use “un” or “unos” if the object is plural.

  • For feminine objects, use “una” or “unas” if the object is plural.

Aquí hay una playa.

Hay unos dólares en el banco.


Personal a

Personal “A”

  • The “personal a” is used to separate a verb from a subject when the subject is:

    • A person

    • An important animal


Irregular verbs

Irregular Verbs

  • The ONLY verb that does NOT take the “personal a” is TENER.

    • Yo tengo a dos hermanas simpáticas.

Tener


Conjugate the following verbs

Conjugate the following verbs:

Salir (to leave)

Venir (to come)

Ir (to go)

Decir (to say, tell)

Ser (to be)

Hacer (to do, make)

Estar (to be)

Poner (to put, place, set)


Ser vs estar

Ser vs. Estar

“To be or not to be? That is the question!”

  • What are the differences between ser and estar?

  • When do you use each?


Reasons to use

Reasons to use…

  • _____________1. __________________

  • _____________2. __________________

  • _____________3. __________________

ESTAR

SER


Possessives

Possessives

What is a possessive adjective?

________________________________________________________________.

¡Son mis dulces! ¡Los quiero!


Agreement

Agreement

Nouns and adjectives must agree in ________ and in _________.

chicAS bonitAS

el lápiz azul

los zapatOS chéverES


Present progressive

Present Progressive

Está tocando la guitarra.


Let s try it

Let’s try it!

  • I am walking  (Yo) estoy caminando.

  • We are playing football.  (Nosotros) estamos jugando al futbol americano.

  • La Srta. Albright is talking.  __________________________.


Affirmative t commands

Affirmative “tú” Commands

¡Dime la verdad!

Escribe, por favor.

¡Patina conmigo!

¡Escucha la música!


How to form a command

How to Form a Command:

  • Take the “él, ella, Vd.” form of the verb.Mandato

    • Comer Timoteo come helado. ¡Come!

    • Esquiar A él le gusta esquíar.¡Esquía!

    • Escribir Ella escribe en alemén. ¡Escribe!


8 irregulars

8 Irregulars

There are 8 irregular “tú” commands that you MUST memorize!

¡Me gusta el ritmo!


Direct object pronouns

Direct Object Pronouns

Do you remember the DOPs? Here they are!!

  • DOPs answer 2 questions:

    1. Who?

    2. What?

  • In a sentence, always UNDERLINE the DOP!


Where to put pronouns

Where to Put Pronouns:

1. BEFORE THE CONJUGATED VERB

2. ATTACHED TO THE INFINITIVE

3. ATTACHED TO PROGRESSIVE


3 steps to find the dop

3 Steps to Find the DOP:

  • Step 1: Underline the subject.

  • Step 2: Replace subject with the appropriate DOP.

  • Step 3: Rewrite the sentence.


Let s practice

Let’s Practice!

Luisa tiene un muñeco de peluche.

(Pregunta: ¿Qué tiene Luisa?)

(Contesta: Un muneco de peluche.)

Luisa lo tiene.

La doctora está ayudando al niño.

(P: ¿La doctora ayuda a quién?)

(C: Al niño.)

La doctora lo está ayudando.

La doctora está ayudándolo.


Indirect object pronouns

Indirect Object Pronouns

Do you remember the IOPs? Here they are!!

  • IOPs answer 2 questions:

    1. To whom?

    2. For whom?

  • In a sentence, always CIRCLE the IOP!


3 steps to find the iop

3 Steps to Find the IOP:

  • Step 1: Circle the subject.

  • Step 2: Replace subject with the appropriate IOP.

  • Step 3: Rewrite the sentence.


Let s practice1

Let’s Practice!

Mi novio llama a mí todos los días.

(Pregunta: ¿Mi novio llama a quién?)

(Contesta:)

Mi novio me llama.

Yo estoy escribiendo a mis abuelos en California.

(P: ¿Yo escribo a quién en California?)

(C: )

Les estoy escribiendo.

Estoy escribiéndoles.


Iop dop

IOP & DOP

When using a DOP and an IOP, which ALWAYS goes first?

I’m not sure. What do you guys think???


The iop

THE IOP!!!!

Una regla importante: You learned in Spanish I that you CAN NOT have lela, lesla, etc. because of the double “l” sound. You would need to replace the “le” with ___.


Let s try it1

Let’s try it!!

  • 1. Mi amiga compra el regalo para mí.

  • Step 1: Underline the DOP.

  • Step 2: Circle the IOP.

  • Step 3: Rewrite the sentence putting the IOP first!

  • Mi amiga lo compra.

  • What does this mean in English?


Un repaso de

2. Mis padres dan el dinero a nosotros.

3. Ricardo contesta la pregunta para mí.

4. María hace la cama para su hermana.

Don’t forget the 3 steps!


El fin

¡El fin!


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