Digital techniques of photomontages
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Digital techniques of Photomontages. (or “The Dalinian Inspiration”). By: Nicolás Berlingieri. INTRODUCTION The limit between the several arts is every day less and less defined.

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Digital techniques of photomontages

Digital techniques of Photomontages

(or “The Dalinian Inspiration”)

By: Nicolás Berlingieri


Introduction

INTRODUCTION

The limit between the several arts is every day less and less defined.

There are “Mixed Techniques”, “Facilities”, “Digital Art”, etc., where several techniques are mixed to make a certain work.

Introduction

Nicolás Berlingieri


Introduction1

INTRODUCTION

The “Dark Camera” was used by the painters before the photography existed.

Introduction

Nicolás Berlingieri


Introduction2

INTRODUCTION

When photography was only black and white, the copies were painted to do them in color.

Introduction

Nicolás Berlingieri


Introduction3

INTRODUCTION

With programs of image manipulation (Photoshop, Corel PhotoPaint, Photostyler, etc.) techniques of drawing and painting are mixed to modify the photographic images.But the “Altered” photos and thetechniques of “Photomontage”exist from the beginnings of photography.

Introduction

Nicolás Berlingieri


Introduction4

INTRODUCTION

William Henry Fox Talbot (1800 - 1877) already made assemblies of “Calotyps” to form a single image.

Introduction

Nicolás Berlingieri


Introduction5

INTRODUCTION

And Oscar G. Rejlander (1813 - 1875) in 1856 made the work “Both ways of life” (40 x 79 cm) stitching the images of 30 negatives.

Introduction

Nicolás Berlingieri


Introduction6

INTRODUCTION

It is very common that an author is inspired by another one, or that it tends to copy itself to itself, generating therefore a style form.

The examples are innumerable is this sense, and, in Salvador Dalí, they become very evident.

Introduction

Nicolás Berlingieri


Introduction7

INTRODUCTION

Smart influence of “La Maja desnuda” byGoya and repetition of objects and patterns (the sailboats) between its two works.

Introduction

Goya (1800 h.) “La Maja Desnuda”

Nicolás Berlingieri

Dalí (1922) “Desnudo en un paisaje”

Dalí (1923) “El niño enfermo”


Introduction8

INTRODUCTION

Many pictures of Dalí have inspiration in the “Angelus” of Millet.Sometimes he has even reproduced it like a picturehung in the wall.

Introduction

Nicolás Berlingieri

Millet (1933) Angelus Pray

Dalí (1922) Gala and the “Angelus” of Millet….


Introduction9

INTRODUCTION

Several authors inspired to Salvador Dalí, as well as he inspired whom they followed him…

Introduction

Nicolás Berlingieri

Dalí (1933) “Atavismo del crepúsculo”

Dalí (1935) “Reminiscencias arqueológicas del Angelus de Millet”


Introduction10

INTRODUCTION

We will see next some “Tricks” to make photomontages with the Photoshop program (sometimes inspired by Dalí….)

Introduction

Nicolás Berlingieri

Dalí (1934 y 1946) “Destete del mueble alimento y La tentación de San Andrés”

Títle: “Camellos de Dalí” (“Dalí’s camels”)


Images organization

IMAGES ORGANIZATION

It is advisable to have a good organization of the “folders”, grouping the photographies like in an “Image Bank”

Images organization

Nicolás Berlingieri


Images organization1

IMAGES ORGANIZATION

In the folders we will keep the images in hi-res and, as far as possible, with the elements already “trimmed” for its use.

Images organization

Nicolás Berlingieri


Images organization2

IMAGES ORGANIZATION

The images should be saved as TIF or PSD, in order to be able to maintain the “transparency” of the trimming.

Images organization

Windows Explorer allows to visualize TIF files, but not the PSD ones.

But PSD files allow to save the layers options (Properties and Styles) and the Layouts.

Nicolás Berlingieri


Images organization3

IMAGES ORGANIZATION

Points should not be used in the file-names, because these are those which separate the “Suffix” from the name, so the Operating System can recognize the file type.

Images organization

Photomontage.PSD

Photo.TIF

Image.JPG

Sound.MP3

Document.DOC

Spreadsheet.XLS

Portrait of Mr. Pérez.JPG

Nicolás Berlingieri


Images organization4

IMAGES ORGANIZATION

A “must” folder in your PC, it’s the corresponding one to CLOUD images….

Images organization

Nicolás Berlingieri


Images organization5

IMAGES ORGANIZATION

You should have a wide assortment, with different light conditions and in different schedules of the day, in order to be able to cover all the possible future necessities.

Images organization

Nicolás Berlingieri


Images organization6

IMAGES ORGANIZATION

Clouds can easily be distorted, stretched or compressed, in order to obtain more dramatic effects.

Images organization

Nicolás Berlingieri


Templates

TEMPLATES

It is advisable to have a folder with different types of “Templates”, which are “empty Images” you can use it as a “base” for future photomontages.

Templates

Nicolás Berlingieri


Templates1

TEMPLATES

These templates can already have “Guides” saved, to mark the “Thirds” for the composition of the photomontages

Templates

Nicolás Berlingieri

30 x 40 cm

35 mm (2,4 x 3,6)

6 x 6 cm


Templates2

TEMPLATES

A template for one photo of 30 x 40 cm must have vertical guides at 13.33 and 26.66 cm, and an horizonta one, at 10 and 20 cm.

The intersections will mark to the “Golden Points”.

Templates

Nicolás Berlingieri

30 x 40 cm


Templates3

TEMPLATES

You can also add “Perspective lines” or “Escape Lines” in a transparent “Layer”.

This can help you tofind the the propper position of the objects, will help to define the distances and the sizes of the different objects.

Templates

Nicolás Berlingieri


Proportions

PROPORTIONS

Drawing up in a layer the perspective lines, these will define zones which can be filled up with colors.

Proportions

Nicolás Berlingieri


Proportions1

PROPORTIONS

This way it is possible to easily define the sizes of the several objects which will be inserted.

Proportions

Nicolás Berlingieri


Proportions2

PROPORTIONS

Lowering the opacity of the layer by 50%,through it’s transparency we can see where to locate the objects.

So they will match the previous established zones.

Proportions

Nicolás Berlingieri


Proportions3

PROPORTIONS

These objects can be easily adapted to the proportional sizes , in order to obtain an harmonic result .

Proportions

Nicolás Berlingieri


Proportions4

PROPORCIONES

Estos se pueden adaptarfacilmente a los tamañosproporcionales a fin deobtener un resultadoarmónico.

Proportions

Nicolás Berlingieri

Títle: “Cappadocia Daliniana” (“Dalinian Cappadokia”)


Proportions5

PROPORTIONS

The perspective lines help us to compose, to distort and to trim the objects, obtaining a more realistic perspective, even with elements intentionally out of proportions.

Proportions

Nicolás Berlingieri


Proportions6

Proportions

Nicolás Berlingieri

Títle: “Estiramiento al atardecer” (“Sunset jerk”)


Color chart

COLOR CHART

It is convenient to have a folder with “fixed” colors.

Those colors will help us very much when we need to put color in a determined zone. They can be defined with the R (Red), G (Green) and (B) Blue values.

Color chart

Nicolás Berlingieri


Color chart1

COLOR CHART

In the presses, the numerical values of the colors are expressedas Cyan (C), Magenta (M), Yellow (Y) and Black (K).

It’s more direct and easy the Hexadecimal number (#).

The “Skin color” changes according to the race of the person.

Color chart

Nicolás Berlingieri


Color chart2

COLOR CHART

Thereare some products which have a very determinedcolor.

It must be respected.

Color chart

Nicolás Berlingieri


Color chart3

COLOR CHART

Metals as Gold,Bronze, Copperand others, they have a well defined color among little variants.

Color chart

Nicolás Berlingieri


Textures

TEXTURES

Another important folder, is the one corresponding to “Textures”.

In it you can put textures of walls, sands…

Textures

Nicolás Berlingieri


Textures1

TEXTURES

It may contain textures of floors, rush matting…

Textures

Nicolás Berlingieri


Textures2

TEXTURES

…or fine and thick grass textures, venetian tiles, etc.

Textures

Nicolás Berlingieri


Textures3

TEXTURES

You can “build up” a texture.

Let’s see how…

Take an image where you find a texture you like.

Textures

Nicolás Berlingieri


Textures4

TEXTURES

Let’s enlarge the zone to have a better work.

Textures

Nicolás Berlingieri


Textures5

TEXTURES

Select the four corners with the “Poligonal Lasso”, even if they are not properly aligned.

Textures

Nicolás Berlingieri


Textures6

TEXTURES

Once you have the area selected with the lasso, choose “Edit / Copy”, then make a new image with the menu command “File / New” and past with “Edit / Paste”.

If the selected area was not perfectly alligned, there will be a border with no image…

Textures

Nicolás Berlingieri


Textures7

TEXTURES

With the “Grid” activated, and with the option: “Transform / Distort”, let us make the drawing perfectly aligned horizontally and vertically.

Textures

Nicolás Berlingieri


Textures8

TEXTURES

Let us trim the leftover of the edges and, with the command “Image / Size of image”, let us put equal values for “Width” and “Height”, in order to make a sqared image.

Textures

Nicolás Berlingieri


Textures9

TEXTURES

We will obtain a “Tile” or “Floor tile” which can be defined as “Motiv” (Option: “Edit / Define Motiv).

Textures

Nicolás Berlingieri


Textures10

TEXTURES

With the “Motiv Stamp”, in a “New” image, we will be able to make a “wall”

Textures

Nicolás Berlingieri


Textures11

TEXTURES

Duplicating the layer of the wall, moving it downwards and distorting the perspective, we will be able fix the “floor”.With the tool “Degrading / Multiply” we will add realism.

Textures

Nicolás Berlingieri


Textures12

TEXTURES

Adding elements and shadows we will form the “Photomontage”

Textures

Nicolás Berlingieri


Textures13

TEXTURES

And adding lightning effects we will obtain a more interesting image…

Textures

Nicolás Berlingieri


Textures14

Textures

Nicolás Berlingieri

Títle: “Odalisca Daliniana” (“Dalinian Odalisca”)


Motivs

MOTIVS

A folder with several “Motivs” will allow to freely choose among differents textures.

Motivs

Nicolás Berlingieri


Motivs1

MOTIVS

Some examples where it was used the“Double Arch” motiv

Motivs

Nicolás Berlingieri


Motivs2

MOTIVS

Sometimes motivs can be mixed and distorted to obtain interesting effects

Motivs

Nicolás Berlingieri


Motivs3

MOTIVS

A motiv can have a transparen background, as this Un motivo puede tener un fondo transparente, like this wire of prongs, which allows “to make a wire fence” on any background in very simple way.

Motivs

Nicolás Berlingieri


Personages

PERSONAGES

A folder with personages already “extracted” from their original back-ground, allow us to easily choose them and to “paste” them in other back-grounds.

Personages

Nicolás Berlingieri


Personages1

PERSONAGES

A folder with personages already “extracted” from their original back-ground, allow us to easily choose them and to “paste” them in other back-grounds.

Personages

Nicolás Berlingieri


Personages2

PERSONAGES

A folder with personages already “extracted” from their original back-ground, allow us to easily choose them and to “paste” them in other back-grounds.

Personages

Nicolás Berlingieri


Personages3

PERSONAGES

Some examples….

Personages

Nicolás Berlingieri


Personages4

PERSONAGES

Some examples….

Personages

Nicolás Berlingieri


Personages5

PERSONAGES

Some examples….

Personages

Nicolás Berlingieri


Personages6

PERSONAGES

Some examples….

Personages

Nicolás Berlingieri


Personages7

PERSONAGES

Some examples….

Personages

Nicolás Berlingieri


Shapes

SHAPES

To create “Shapes”, rounding and softening their curves,first you add the layers with the shapes…

Shapes

Nicolás Berlingieri


Shapes1

SHAPES

Then you blur the image using “Gaussian Blur”(the image must be black and white)…

Shapes

Nicolás Berlingieri


Shapes2

SHAPES

Then, using “Image / Adjust / Levels”, you can narrow the opposite side cursors (Black and White) toward the center of the “Histogram” to reduce the softness.

Shapes

Nicolás Berlingieri


Shapes3

SHAPES

The layer wich contains the shape, can be used to make a fast selection, using the “Magic Wand”.

Shapes

Nicolás Berlingieri


Shapes4

SHAPES

You can color this “shape”, add elements (ear, glases), lighting effects, shadows, adding more holes (like the nose in this case), etc.

Shapes

Nicolás Berlingieri


Shapes5

SHAPES

Then they will be part of the final image…

Shapes

Nicolás Berlingieri


Shapes6

FORMAS

Luego integrarán una imagen final…

Shapes

Nicolás Berlingieri

Títle: “Cabeza hueca” (“Empty head”)


Shapes7

SHAPES

Some “Shapes” examples…

Shapes

Nicolás Berlingieri


Shapes8

SHAPES

Some “Shapes” examples…

Shapes

Nicolás Berlingieri


Shapes9

SHAPES

Some “Shapes” examples…

Shapes

Nicolás Berlingieri


Nicol s berlingieri

Nicolás Berlingieri


Nicol s berlingieri1

Nicolás Berlingieri

www.berlingieri-photo.com


The end

THE END


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