The Book of The Twelve. The Book of The Twelve. Israelite Era Prophet Dates Assyrian Crisis Amos760-750 Hosea750-725 Micah730 Babylonian Crisis Zephaniah640-622 Nahum620 Habakkuk608-598 Exile Obadiah587 Restoration Haggai520-400 ?
The Book of The Twelve
Babylonian Crisis Zephaniah640-622
Zechariah, Malachi, Joel, Jonah
Amos. Prediction that Israel and other neighboring nations will be punished by conquerors from the north, and of the fulfillment of the Messiah's kingdom.
Hosea. Prophecies relating to Christ and the latter days.
Micah. Predictions relating to the invasions of Shalmaneser and Sennacherib, the Babylonish captivity, the establishment of a theocratic kingdom in Jerusalem, and the birth of the Messiah in Bethlehem.
Zephaniah. A prediction of the overthrow of Judah for its idolatry and wickedness.
Nahum. Prediction of the downfall of Assyria.
Habakkuk. A prediction of the doom of the Chaldeans.
Obadiah. Prediction of the desolation of Edom.
1:15 For the day of the LORD [is] near upon all the heathen: as thou hast done, it shall be done unto thee: thy reward shall return upon thine own head.
Haggai. Prophecies concerning the rebuilding of the temple.
Zechariah. Prophecies relating to the rebuilding of the temple and the Messiah.
Malachi. Prophecies relating to the calling of the Gentiles and the coming of Christ.
Joel. Prediction of woes upon Judah, and of the favor with which God will receive the penitent people.
Jonah. Prophecies relating to Nineveh.
Then Jonah prayed unto the LORD his God out of the fish's belly,
Death of the unbelieving lord
2Ki 7:22Ki 7:17-20
Reign of Jehu's sons to the fourth generation
2Ki 10:302Ki 15:12
Death of the king of Assyria
2Ki 19:72Ki 19:35, 37
2Ki 20:172Ki 24:10-16
The third major division of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) is the Ketuvim or Tanak.
Emergence of Jews and Judaism
Judaism comes after the Exile.
The Persians allowed Jews to return to Palestine, many chose to stay put. Others fled to Egypt while Babylon occupied Palestine.
A set of principles and values that would sustain the postexilic community.
Wisdom of Solomon50 BCE
EcclesiasticusBefore 180 BCE
Fourteen books written in pre-Christian centuries
Prayer of Azariah
Bel and the Dragon
1 and 2 Maccabees
1 and 2 Esdras