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ISYS 363 Information Systems for Management. David Chao. Technology continues to advance. Share photos, videos by touching another phone Wireless remote charging 3D printing. Near Field Communication, NFC.

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Isys 363 information systems for management

ISYS 363 Information Systems for Management

David Chao

Technology continues to advance

Technology continues to advance

  • Share photos, videos by touching another phone

  • Wireless remote charging

  • 3D printing

Near field communication nfc

Near Field Communication, NFC

  • NFC is a new wireless technology that enables data transmission between two objects when they are brought within a few inches of each other.

  • Smartphones enabled with NFC technology can exchange data with other NFC enabled devices or read information from smart tags embedded in posters, stickers and other products.

  • NFC Contactless logo:

An important commercial use of nfc nfc mobile payment technology

An important commercial use of NFC: NFC mobile payment technology

  • Visa Europe is to launch an NFC mobile payments service in the UK by the end of 2013


  • Google Wallet is a free Android app on Google Play that uses NFC to make secure payments by tapping the phone on any NFC enabled devices


Wireless remote charging

Wireless Remote Charging

  • Electromagnetic induction: magnetic fields could drive electric currents and makes it possible to transfer energy.

  • Qi wireless charging standard

    • Wireless Power Consortium standard for inductive electrical power transfer over distances of up to 4 cm. The Qi system comprises a power transmission pad and a compatible receiver in a portable device.




  • iPhone:


  • Auto:


  • Logo:

3d printing additive manufacturing http en wikipedia org wiki 3d printing rapid prototyping

3D Printing(Additive manufacturing)

  • It is a process of making a three-dimensional solid object of virtually any shape from a digital model. 3D printing is achieved using an additive process, where successive layers of material are laid down in different shapes.

  • Video:


3d printing applications

3D Printing Applications

  • Rapid prototyping

  • Rapid manufacturing

  • Mass customization

  • Mass production

  • 3D printing services

  • Domestic and hobbyist uses

Mobile banking

Mobile Banking

  • Mobile banking (M-Banking) is a term used for performing balance checks, account transactions, payments, credit applications and other banking transactions through a mobile device such as a mobile phone or Personal Digital Assistant (PDA).

  • US Bank:


    • Deposit a Check from Your Smartphone

Pg e smart meter wireless communication

PG&E Smart MeterWireless Communication


  • Energy Alerts

    • let you know when you’re moving into higher-priced electric tiers so you can manage your energy use and save.

  • Understanding your electric charges


  • Track energy use online

Information technology

Information Technology

  • Support day-to-day business operations

  • Create new way of doing business

    • Example:

      • Making reservations

        • United Airlines-

        • Select your seats

        • Web check-In

      • Mobile check-in with web-enabled mobile phones :


        • Save your check-in confirmation with the barcode on your mobile device

Technology life cycle

Technology Life Cycle

  • Problem:

    • Creates demand for solutions to solve the problem

    • Innovation may create demand

      • Search and identify problems

    • New application may create new problems

  • Solution

  • Service

  • Competition:

    • Yahoo Maps vs Google Maps

    • Google Maps vs Apple Maps

    • Apple iPhone vs Samsung Galaxy:

  • Obsolete

  • Information system as a solution to business challenges

    Information System as a Solution to Business Challenges

    Why study information systems

    Why study information systems?

    • An end-user perspective

      • Enhance personal productivity, and the productivity of their work groups and department.

      • Increase your opportunities for success:

        • be aware of the management problems and opportunities presented by the information technology.

    Why study information systems1

    Why study information systems?

    • An enterprise perspective: Information systems play a vital role in the success of an enterprise.

      • Efficient operations

      • Effective management

      • Competitive advantage

    Isys 363 information systems for management

    Capital investment in IT, hardware, software, communication equipment, grew from 32% to 52% of all invested capital between 1980 and 2009

    Techies might finally be able to move into top management

    Techies might finally be able to move into top management

    • More Chief Information Officers (CIOs) are reporting directly to CEOs.

    • More CIOs are being included on management committees.

    • In a recent survey of executives at capital market firms, 89% believed that technology managers would assume greater responsibilities.

    Geek suit http www nri co jp english opinion papers 2009 pdf np2009143 pdf


    Course introduction

    Course Introduction

    • IT – Introduction to information technology

      • Computer hardware, software, network

      • IT management

    • IS – Introduction to information systems

      • Information system components

      • Types of information systems

    • PC – personal computing

      • Advanced spreadsheet techniques in decision support.

      • Introduction to database and database application development

      • Internet techniques

    What is information technology

    What is Information Technology?

    • A term used to refer to a wide variety of items and abilities used in the creation, storage, and dispersal of data, information and knowledge.

      • Data: Raw facts, figures, and details.

        • Numerical, text, multimedia

      • Information: An organized, meaningful, and useful interpretation of data.

        • Summarized information from database

      • Knowledge: Insight of a subject matter.

        • Knowledge base

        • Data mining

    Isys 363 information systems for management

    Data and Information

    Raw data from a supermarket checkout counter can be processed and organized to produce meaningful information, such as the total unit sales of dish detergent or the total sales revenue from dish detergent for a specific store or sales territory.



    • Input devices

    • CPU and primary storage

      • RAM - temporary storage

      • Processor

        • Control Unit - decoder

        • Arithmetic & Logic Unit (ALU)

    • Output devices

    • Secondary storage devices

    • Communication devices

    Computer system concept

    Computer System Concept

    Types of computer systems

    Types of Computer Systems

    • Micro/Minicomputers

      • Personal computing, workstation,network server.

      • Departmental and workgroup systems, network server, workstation.

    • Mainframes

      • Speed: MIPS million instructions per second

        • 26 MIPS to about 17,801 MIPS

      • Enterprisewide systems

      • for organizations have to deal with huge amounts of data. Giga-record or tera-record files are not unusual.

      • Data mining and warehousing

    • Supercomputers

      • Speed: Floating-point operations per second

        • 20 peta flops

      • Supercomputers are often purpose-built for one or a very few specific institutional tasks (E.g. Simulation and Modeling).

      • Scientific calculations

    • Networked computer systems

      • WAN, LAN, PAN

    Personal area network

    Personal Area Network

    • A personal area network (PAN) is a computer network used for communication among computer devices (including telephones and personal digital assistants) close to one person. The devices may or may not belong to the person in question. The reach of a PAN is typically a few meters.

    • BlueTooth: It is a short range radio technology. It is an industrial specification for wireless PANs. Bluetooth provides a way to connect and exchange information between devices such as mobile phones, laptops, PCs, printers, digital cameras and video game consoles via a short-range radio frequency.

    Bluetooth applications

    Bluetooth Applications

    • Business applications:



    Storage device

    Storage Device

    • Terabytes of storage

    • RAID (Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks):

      • Arrays of disk drives that provides a fault tolerant capability by storing multiple copies of data on several disks.

        • Mirroring

    Storage network

    Storage Network

    • Storage Area Network, SAN:

      • A storage area network is an architecture to attach remote computer storage devices to servers in such a way that the devices appear as locally attached to the operating system.

    Data center

    Data Center

    • A data center is a facility used to house computer systems and associated components, such as telecommunications and storage systems.

    • Modular Data Center

      • Data Center Containers:

        • Microsoft:

        • Google:

    Where to put data center

    Where to put data center?

    • The cost of electric power, labor, taxes, natural disasters and land are key factors when choosing a data center location.




    • Arctic chill brings Facebook data center to Sweden:


    Radio frequency identification

    Radio Frequency Identification

    • RFID is a system for tagging and identifying objects.

      • Antenna to send and receive signals.

      • RFID reader

    • Applications:

      • An alternative to bar code

        • Supermarket

      • Tracking objects


    Isys 363 information systems for management


    AN RFID tag is small compared to current bar-code labels.

    Passive active rfid

    Passive & Active RFID

    • A passive RFID tag does not contain a battery; the power is supplied by the reader. When radio waves from the reader are encountered by a passive rfid tag, the coiled antenna within the tag forms a magnetic field. The tag draws power from it, energizing the circuits in the tag. The tag then sends the information encoded in the tag's memory.

    • An active RFID tag is equipped with a battery that can be used as a partial or complete source of power for the tag's circuitry and antenna. Active RFID always broadcasts or beacons its signal.

    A few interesting rfid applications

    A few interesting RFID applications

    • RFID tags help you to choose clothes


    • Digital watermark to prevent counterfeit: locking product authenticity in hardware


    • Wristband:




    • System software

      • Operating system

    • Application software

      • University’s registration system

    • Application development software

    Operating system functions

    Operating system functions

    • User interface

    • Resource management (managing hardware)

    • Task management (managing the accomplishment of tasks)

    • File management (managing data and program files)

    • Utilities (providing a variety of supporting services)

    Isys 363 information systems for management

    Current Operating Systems

    Today s operating systems

    Today’s Operating Systems

    • Personal computers:

      • IBM PC compatible:

        • Microsoft windows, Unix-like systems such as Linux.

      • Apple Macintosh:

        • Mac OS X, Linux

    • Workgroup computers:

      • MS Windows Server, Mac OS X Server, Linux. Solaris

    • Mainframe computers:

      • IBM z/OS, Linux

    Linux and open source

    Linux and Open Source

    • Linux has been more widely ported to different computing platforms than any other operating system.

    • Linux is the most prominent example of free software and of open source development. Its underlying source code is available for anyone to use, modify, and redistribute freely, and in some instances the entire operating system consists of free/open source software.

    Operating systems for mobile devices

    Operating Systems for Mobile Devices

    • Mobile devices:

      • Pocket PC/PDA

      • Smartphones

      • Tablet computer

    • Smartphone Operating systems, the most important software in any smartphone:

      • Windows Mobile, Windows Phone

      • iOS for iPhone/iPad

      • Android for Google phone



    • Virtualization is a technology that makes it possible to run multiple operating systems and multiple applications on the same computer at the same time, increasing the utilization and flexibility of hardware.

      • Average server utilization rate – 10%

        • Reduce costs

        • Green computing

    • A virtual machine is a software container that can run its own operating systems and applications as if it were a physical computer. A virtual machine behaves exactly like a physical computer and contains its own virtual (ie, software-based) CPU, RAM hard disk and network interface card (NIC). An operating system can’t tell the difference between a virtual machine and a physical machine, nor can applications or other computers on a network.

    • Vendors: VMware, Parallels, etc.

    Application development software

    Application development software

    • Low level language

    • High level language

      • third generation

      • fourth generation

        • Word processing, desktop publishing, spreadsheet, database management, graphic presentation, etc.

          • MS Office

          • OpenOffice.Org


    Isys 363 information systems for management

    A compiler translates a complete program into a set of binary instructions that the CPU can execute

    Object oriented development tools

    Object-oriented development tools

    • Graphical user interface

    • Component programming

    • Event-driven programming

    • Code generator/Wizard

  • Object example:

    • Excel’s cell, chart

  • Object-oriented tool examples:

    • MicroSoft .Net: VB.Net, C#

    • Java, C++, etc.

  • Portability java write once run anywhere

    Portability Java: Write Once Run Anywhere

    Java Byte Code

    Java Source Code

    Java Virtual Machine


    Java Byte Code

    (Intermediate Code)

    Executable Code

    Microsoft s net

    Microsoft’s .Net

    • Language must compliance with Common Language Specification, CLS.

    • Compile the language into Microsoft Intermediate Language (MSIL) code.

    • The MSIL code is then executed in the Common Language Runtime (CLR), which conceptually is same as the JVM, where it is translated into machine code by a compiler.

    • Microsoft .Net is a server-side technology. It runs on any servers that implement the .Net system.

    Software as a service saas

    Software as a Service, SaaS

    • SaaS is a model of software deployment where an application is hosted as a service provided to customers across the Internet.

      • SaaS alleviates the customer's burden of software maintenance, ongoing operation, and support.

        • no upfront investment in software development

      • Conversely, customers relinquish control over software versions or changing requirements;

      • Costs to use the service become a continuous expense, rather than a single expense at time of purchase.

    Companies offer saas

    Companies Offer SaaS



    • Workday:


    • Google Docs:

      • Login:

    • Microsoft WindowsLive


      • SkyDrive


    What is cloud computing

    What is cloud computing?

    • Cloud computing is a style of computing in which computing resources are provided as a service over the Internet. Users need not have knowledge of, expertise in, or control over the technology infrastructure in the "cloud" that supports them.

    • Video:

    Examples of cloud computing

    Examples of Cloud Computing

    • SaaS

    • Utility computingCompanies such as, Sun, and IBM, now offer storage and virtual servers that others can access on demand.

    • Platform as a service, PaaSThis form of cloud computing delivers development environments as a service. You build your own applications that run on the provider's infrastructure and are delivered to your users via the Internet from the provider's servers.

      • Mainframe, Linux, Windows Server, etc.

    Who owns the data

    Who owns the data?

    • Privacy:

    • Facebook introduced a new terms of service agreement in Feb. 09:

      • You hereby grant Facebook an irrevocable, perpetual, non-exclusive, transferable, fully paid, worldwide license (with the right to sublicense) to (a) use, copy, publish, stream, store, retain, publicly perform or display, transmit, scan, reformat, modify, edit, …..

    • Security:

    • Top reasons why big businesses are reluctant to adopt SaaS:

    Isys 363 information systems for management

    IT and New Business Model

    • New products, services, and business models:

      • Business model: describes how company produces, delivers, and sells product or service to create wealth

      • Information systems and technology a major enabling tool for new products, services, business models

        • E.g. Netflix’s Internet-based DVD rentals

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