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David Martin -s00092057. Ecological Map.

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Ecological Map

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David Martin -s00092057

Ecological Map

Julia is a 15 year old girl of Aboriginal heritage, she is the youngest in a family of 4 , 2 brothers and 1 sister. She is generally quiet with a keen nature to learn, she lives with her aunt and uncle in Sydney because her parents wanted her to take full advantage of opportunities they or her siblings never had.

Julia enjoys playing cricket which she plays on the weekend, she is attentive at school and mixes with a very small group of friends, often overcome with shyness in groups.

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The Bronfenbrenner ecological model


Are the factors closest to the individual with which they have direct bi-directional interactions / relationships.

Can be categorised into two main categories: Internal – the individuals biology, cognitive systems etc. External – Family, friends, School etc. (Martin, J. 2009)

The Microsystem

Immediate family living interstate

Keen learner

Good Physical Health

Weekend Cricket Competition

Youngest of 4 Children

Low socio-economic standing

Small-mixed group of friends

Government funded inner-city school

Living with Aunt & Uncle

The Mesosystem illustrates the connections between factors within the Microsystem such as a link between School and Friends. (Bowes, J.M. 2009)

The Mesosystem

Immediate family living interstate

Keen learner

Good Physical Health

Youngest of 4 Children

Weekend Cricket Competition

Low socio-economic standing

Small-mixed group of friends

Government funded inner-city school

Living with Aunt & Uncle

The larger system which has a direct impact on the individual through the Microsystem but the individual is not necessarily directly involved. It may include things such as Neighbours, Parent’s workplace or the media. (Martin, J. 2009)

The Exosystem

Geographically Isolated from immediate family

Living with Aunt and Uncle

Care is overlooked by DOCS

Media pressure to be more “girly”, stop playing boys sports

Lower-middle class suburb

Siblings never completed high school

This layer is made up of the laws, values and conceptions of society which have a snow-ball effect on the individual. For example Indigenous Australian benefit schemes.

(Bowes, J.M. 2009)

The Macrosystem

Indigenous Australian Benefit Schemes

DOCS policies

National Reconciliation

Indigenous Education (Targeted Assistance) Act 2000

Aboriginal Child Placement Principles

Relates to time and it’s effect on changing contexts of development. Examples include Puberty, Educational reforms and Australia’s recent Indigenous Australian reconciliation steps.

The Chronosystem

Australian Government schemes to increase Indigenous peoples education standards

Developing teenager


Reconciliation Policies



Remove Arrows

The rate of Indigenous Australian adolescents in out-of-home care is 7 times higher than non-indigenous adolescents, 29.8% compared to 4.1% (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2008)

44% of Indigenous adolescents reported at least 1 long term health condition, the most common being asthma.(Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2006)

58% of Indigenous people reported to be involved in community sport or recreation activities, compared to almost 70% for non-indigenous. (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2004)

Julia is one of just 18% of indigenous female adolescents involved in sport, compared to 63% for non-indigenous. Just 0.3% play cricket. (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2006)

National Statistics affecting Julia

In 2007 only 42.9% of Australia’s Indigenous people reported to having completed High School compared to 75.6% for non-indigenous peoples.(Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2008)

Only 5% of Indigenous people hold a Bachelor level qualification or above. (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2008)

Bowes, J.M. (2009) Impacts on Children , Families and Communities. [Electronic Version] Contexts and Consequences (3rdedn), page 8.

Martin, J. (2009). Microsystem. Week 2 Lecture Notes For EDFD127. ACU Mount St Mary Campus, Sydney: Joyce Martin.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2004) 4714.0 - National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey. Retrieved March 12, 2009, from ABS website: http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4714.0Main+Features12002?OpenDocument

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2006) 4901.0 - Children's Participation in Cultural and Leisure Activities, Australia. Retrieved March 12,2009, from ABS website: http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4901.0Main+Features1Apr%202006?OpenDocument

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2006). 4715.0 - National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey. Retrieved March 12, 2009, from ABS website: http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/ProductsbyCatalogue/C36E019CD56EDE1FCA256C76007A9D36?OpenDocument

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). 4704.0 - The Health and Welfare of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples. Retrieved March 12,2009, from ABS website: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/39433889d406eeb9ca2570610019e9a5/7B2DC2F8B6FC9F7BCA25743900149585?opendocument


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