Economic life
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ECONOMIC LIFE. Agora. Trade and Travel in the Roman World. 1.Travel by Sea a.Fairly inexpensive b.Rooms were only for crew or very wealthy c.Sailed from port to port and primarily during the day d.Shipping stopped for winter

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ECONOMIC LIFE

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Economic life

ECONOMIC LIFE


Agora

Agora


Trade and travel in the roman world

Trade and Travel in the Roman World

1.Travel by Sea

a.Fairly inexpensive

b.Rooms were only for crew or very wealthy

c.Sailed from port to port and primarily during the day

d.Shipping stopped for winter

e.Only large grain ships from Egypt ventured into the open sea

f.Little risk of piracy under the empire


Trade and travel in the roman world1

Trade and Travel in the Roman World

2.Travel by Land

a.Roman Roads

iPrimarily built to speed the movement of military troops

iiSome Roman roads and bridges are still in use today!

iiiRoman roads in the New Testament

oVia Appiatraveled by Paul on his way to Rome from Puteoli

oVia Egnatiatraveled by Paul from Neapolis to Thessalonica

b.Accommodations

iInns were filthy and corrupt, usually brothels

iiHospitality was thus a great value


Trade and travel in the roman world2

Trade and Travel in the Roman World


Trade and travel in the roman world3

Trade and Travel in the Roman World


Trade and travel in the roman world4

Alcantara, Spain

Trade and Travel in the Roman World


Trade and travel in the roman world5

Trade and Travel in the Roman World

Trade Routes that were significant in the New Testament


Coinage in the roman world

Coinage in the Roman World


Coinage in the roman world1

Coinage in the Roman World

B. Coinage

BRONZE

SILVER

GOLD


Taxation in the roman world

Taxation in the Roman World

C.Taxation

1.Taxation and Census (Luke 2:1)

2.Types of Taxes (Tributa)

a.Tributum Soli on agricultural produce

b.TributumCapitis on other forms of property

iMatthew 17:25

iiMatthew 22:19


Taxation in the roman world1

Taxation in the Roman World

C.Taxation

c.Vectigalia (telos in Matthew 17:25) indirect taxes

iPortoria or “frontier dues” most important

iiSolely for revenue, not to control production or trade

iiiCollection of these were contracted out to publicani

oA certain sum was agreed to go to the government

oAmounts above sum were profit for the collector

oThis system encouraged corruption (Imagine that!)


Trade and travel in the roman world6

Trade and Travel in the Roman World

3.Tax Collectors or Publicans

a.Publicani were Romans from the equestrian (knight) class

b.The contemptuous attitude toward tax collectors was not due so much to financial extortion as to the perception of aiding the enemy

c.The “tax collectors” in the gospels were not publicani

iZaccheus and Matthew likely collected taxes on the trade routes through Jericho and Galilee respectively

iiBoth were likely under the employment of Herod Antipas


Style in the roman world

Style in the Roman World

A.Clothing

1.Chiton (Gk.) = tunic (Lt.) = undergarment

a.Worn by women and men

b.Worn by workers on the job

c.Matthew 5:40, Luke 6:29,

John 19:23, Jude 1:23

Ionic

Doric


Style in the roman world1

Style in the Roman World

A.Clothing

2.Himation (Gk.) = pallium or palla (Lt.) = outer garment

a.Worn over the chiton

b.Iconic attire of Christ

c.Eventually worn by Greek women in place of Peplos

iPeplos was tubular piece of cloth

iiHimation was rectangular piece of cloth

3.Toga (Lt.)

a.Primarily worn by upper-class Romans

b.Senatorial class had a purple stripe on the edge of toga


Trade and travel in the roman world7

Trade and Travel in the Roman World

B.Hair and Head Coverings

1.Veils were more like hoods

a.Worn by women whenever out of the house

b.Worn by men during certain religious ceremonies

Elaborately braided hair was worn by the rich

(and the want-to-be-rich) 1 Timothy 2:9


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