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Nashville Community Health Needs for Children and Youth, 0-24. GOAL 1 All Children Begin Life Healthy. “I knew Luke was going to die. I think I had known it the second I saw him.”. Luke was born at 23 weeks gestation weighing 1 pound. . All Children Begin Life Healthy means….

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Nashville community health needs for children and youth 0 24

Nashville Community Health Needs for Children and Youth, 0-24

GOAL 1All Children Begin Life Healthy


“I knew Luke was going to die. I think I had known it the second I saw him.”

Luke was born at 23 weeks gestation weighing 1 pound.


All children begin life healthy means
All Children Begin Life Healthy second I saw him.” means…

  • Infants are born full term* at a healthy birth weight** to loving, capable parents ready to breastfeed.

  • Not faced with risks from premature birth:

    • Temperature control, feeding difficulties, infections, jaundice

    • Hearing and vision deficiencies

    • Learning and behavior difficulties

    • Cerebral palsy and motor coordination problems

    • Death

  • A better chance of reaching preschool and kindergarten ready to learn.

  • A better chance of being in good health for life.

* Full term means 37 to 41 weeks gestation

** Healthy birth weight means over 5lbs 2 oz or 2500 grams


There are many current issues that prevent children from beginning life healthy
There are many current issues that prevent children from beginning life healthy.

  • Poor maternal health that leads to premature or low birth weight, especially:

    • Hypertension, diabetes, overweight and underweight; infections and poor dental care.

    • Depression, cigarettes, alcohol and drugs; family and domestic violence; unwanted pregnancy, stress.

  • Lack of or underutilization of prenatal care.

  • Born to a very young or older mother.

  • Born too soon after the last baby.


Numbers help tell the story
Numbers help tell the story… beginning life healthy.

*Death in the first year of life



Numbers help tell the story high costs for parents employers and community for premature babies
Numbers help tell the story… MortalityHigh Costs for Parents, Employers and Community for Premature Babies

Escalating hospital costs with decreasing gestational age

Costs to employer for first year of life (March of Dimes 2002)


Numbers help tell the story over 1 000 premature births per year in davidson county

Davidson County Mortality

March of Dimes data

Numbers help tell the story…Over 1,000 Premature Births per year in Davidson County

African Americans have over twice the number of very pre-term births as Caucasians.


Currently a number of programs in the community address these issues
Currently, a number of programs in Mortalitythe community address these issues.

  • Prenatal Care at MetroGeneral, VUMC, Nurse Midwifery Center; Neighborhood Health Centers.

  • Metro Department of Health.

  • Project Blossom.

  • The March of Dimes.

  • Bridges to Care.

  • Nurse home visiting programs:

    • HUGS; Nurses for Newborns; Prevent Child Abuse TN.

NOTE: This slide provides only a few examples of programs; it is not intended to be a comprehensive list.


There are many gaps in today s programs and services
There are many gaps in today’s programs and services. Mortality

  • Many women lack preventive health care prior to pregnancy.

  • Easy, early access to prenatal care.

  • Public awareness of value of being born full term and relationship to mothers health before and during the pregnancy.

  • Lack of breastfeeding support, especially for African Americans.

  • Postpartum and interpregnancy care to help mothers achieve their reproductive life plan.


In the next 2 5 years a number of changes are expected
In the next 2-5 years a number of changes are expected. Mortality

  • Current TennCare providers seem more proactive and focused on helping mothers have healthier pregnancies.

  • Community Voices (Community Based education program to improve birth outcomes).

  • New research findings.

    • Impact of better prenatal care.

    • Use of progesterone and other treatments to prevent preterm births.


References
References Mortality

  • Kramer MS et al 2000 Jo American Medical Association.

  • I Adams-Chapman 2006 Clinics in Perinataology.

  • March of Dimes.

  • Phibbs and Schmitt, 2006 Journal of Early Human Development.

  • Wang M et al 2004 Pediatrics.

  • William Walsh and M Lutenbacher et al, 500 premature babies born at VUMC; and interviews with 243 AA mothers .


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