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Section Three: The War in the Pacific. Main Idea : In order to defeat Japan and end the war in the Pacific, the United States unleashed a terrible new weapon, the atomic bomb. Why it Matters Now : Countries of the modern world struggle to find ways to prevent the use of nuclear weapons.

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Section three the war in the pacific
Section Three: The War in the Pacific

Main Idea: In order to defeat Japan and end the war in the Pacific, the United States unleashed a terrible new weapon, the atomic bomb.

Why it Matters Now: Countries of the modern world struggle to find ways to prevent the use of nuclear weapons.

Key Terms:

Douglas MacArthur

Chester Nimitz

Battle of Midway

Kamikaze

Key Terms:

J. Robert Oppenheimer

Hiroshima

Nagasaki

Nuremberg Trials


Section 3 the war in the pacific
SECTION 3: THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC

  • The Americans did not celebrate long, as Japan was busy conquering an empire that dwarfed Hitler’s Third Reich

  • Japan had conquered much of southeast Asia including the Dutch East Indies, Guam, and most of China


Battle of the coral sea
BATTLE OF THE CORAL SEA

  • The main Allied forces in the Pacific were Americans and Australians

  • In May 1942 they succeeded in stopping the Japanese drive toward Australia in the five-day Battle of the Coral Sea


The battle of midway
THE BATTLE OF MIDWAY

  • Japan’s next thrust was toward Midway Island – a strategic Island northwest of Hawaii

  • Admiral Chester Nimitz, the Commander of American Naval forces in the Pacific, moved to defend the Island

  • The Americans won a decisive victory as their planes destroyed 4 Japanese aircraft carriers and 250 planes



Iwo jima
IWO JIMA the Allies were island hopping toward Japan

  • General MacArthur and the Allies next turned to the Island of Iwo Jima

  • The island was critical to the Allies as a base for an attack on Japan

  • It was called the most heavily defended spot on earth

  • Allied and Japanese forces suffered heavy casualties

American soldiers plant the flag on the Island of Iwo Jima after their victory


Kamikaze pilots attack allies
KAMIKAZE PILOTS ATTACK ALLIES the Allies were island hopping toward Japan

  • Japanese countered by employing a new tactic – Kamikaze (divine wind) attacks

  • Pilots in small bomb-laden planes would crash into Allied ships

  • Why kamikaze? Part of bushido-way of the warrior

In the Battle for the Philippines, 424 Kamikaze pilots sank 16 ships and damaged 80 more


Invade japan
INVADE JAPAN? the Allies were island hopping toward Japan

  • After Okinawa, MacArthur predicted that a Normandy type amphibious invasion of Japan would result in 1,500,000 Allied deaths

  • President Truman saw only one way to avoid an invasion of Japan . . .

Okinawa

The loss of life at Iwo Jima and Okinawa convinced Allied leaders that an invasion of Japan was not the best idea


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