slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
East Asia Vocabulary Words

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 147

East Asia Vocabulary Words - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 151 Views
  • Uploaded on

East Asia Vocabulary Words. Landfill – building on a dump; expanding land space to accommodate buildings . Pacific Rim – countries surrounding the Pacific Ocean. Ring of Fire: chain of volcanoes the line the Pacific Rim.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' East Asia Vocabulary Words' - fawn


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide7

Tsunami – giant ocean wave, caused by an underwater earthquake or volcanic eruption, with great destructive power

slide11

Economic Tiger – a nation that has rapid economic growth due to cheap labor, high technology, and aggressive exports. Countries are highly industrialized and trade with nations around the world.

slide16

Gobi Desert

*Located in northern

China and southeast

Mongolia

*Ideal place for finding

dinosaur fossils

slide19

Long hours – 14 hrs. a day

Low pay with little overtime

Employee abuse

Violation of child labor laws

Many are exposed to toxic chemicals

mongolia facts
Mongolia Facts
  • Majority of the people are Tibetan Buddhists
  • Parliamentary Republic
  • 6th largest country in Asia; 18th largest in the world
  • 1992 – a new Constitution was formed that recognized Mongolia as an independent, sovereign republic
  • Nearly half of the 2.7 million people live in the capital city
genghis khan
Genghis Khan

He rose from poverty and slavery to rule the world

genghis khan facts
Genghis Khan Facts
  • His father was the chief of a clan of nomadic Mongols
  • Given the name Temujin
  • Was a slave for around 5 years as a youngster
  • 1206 – confirmed as Chingis Khan (Genghis Khan), leader of all Mongolia
  • 1214 – with his 100,000 man army he conquered 50 million in China
slide29

By 1219 he ruled from northern China to the Afghanistan border, and Siberia to the border of Tibet

  • 1227 – Genghis Khan died
  • He revolutionized the social structure and reformed traditional law in Mongolia
  • He guaranteed freedom of religion and forbade the killing of priests, monks, nuns, and other holy people
slide33

Spheres of Influence – a method of dividing foreign control in China, after the country was forced to sign a series of treaties granting special privileges to the Europeans. China was partitioned for control by Britain, France, Germany, and Russia.

Box Rebellion – (1900) Chinese militants attacked and killed Europeans and Chinese Christians in China. A multinational force of about 20,000 soldiers defeated the Boxers.

china facts
China Facts
  • Name came from the Qin dynasty – 1st Emperor Qin Shi Huang
  • World’s longest continuously written language
  • Considered the longest continuous civilization
  • 4th largest country in the world – slightly smaller than the US
  • Largest population in the world – 1 in every 5 people in the world is Chinese (20%)
    • 4 times greater than the US
interesting facts
Interesting Facts
  • Ice cream was invented around 2000 B.C. when the Chinese packed a soft milk and rice mixture in the snow
  • Red is considered a lucky color
  • Invented the following:

Toilet paper Gun Powder

Paper 1st instrument for

Kites monitoring earthquakes

Compass Printing

Silk cloth 1st mechanical clock

Suspension bridges Water wheel to harvest

water

slide38

Chinese year is based on the cycles of the moon – complete cycle of the Chinese calendar takes 60 years.

slide39

Entire country is in 1 time zone

Produces 60% of the world’s mushrooms

One of the fastest growing economies in the world

slide40

Dynasty

A series of rulers from the same family

1st Chinese dynasty was the Shang

Qin dynasty gave its name to China

slide42

China is the leading producer of bicycles in the world.

China is the 2nd largest importer of goods in the world.

slide43

34 children are born every minute in China

  • China’s “1 child policy” has created a significant gender imbalance.
    • 32 million more boys than girls
slide45

Great Wall of China

*Known as the

“Long Wall”

*Extends around

5,500 miles

*A collection of walls

*1st set of walls

were built to keep

the Mongols out of

China

slide46

Receives thousands of tourists every day- 41.8 million visitors in 2004

Part of the wall is only 50 miles from Beijing

slide47

Major construction of the modern walls began in the Ming Dynasty.

During construction called “the longest cemetery on earth” because so many people died building it (more than 1 million)

slide48

Up to 25 feet high; 15-30 feet high at the base; 9-12 feet wide

Mortar to build the walls was from rice flour

slide49

Frontier guards, peasants, unemployed intellectuals, disgraced noblemen, and convicts were used to build the wall.

slide50

Longest man-made structure in the world.

President Nixon’s visit to the wall in 1972 increased tourism and sections of the wall were restored.

slide53

*Longest river in China – 3,915 miles in length

*World’s 3rd longest river

*Open to navigation all year long

slide58

Three Gorges Dam

World’s largest hydro-power project

Displace more than 1.2 million people

three gorges dam facts
Three Gorges Dam Facts
  • Located on the Yangtze (Chang Jiang) River
  • Construction began in 1993
  • China’s largest construction project since the Great Wall
  • World’s largest dam
  • Goal is to make Chongqing a major business center
  • Located about 1,500 miles inland from the ocean
positive effects of three gorges
Positive Effects of Three Gorges
  • Help control flooding which has killed millions of people and loss of crops
  • Generate 10% of China’s electrical power
  • Allow ships to sail further up the river to the interior of China (1,500 miles)
negative effects of three gorges
Negative Effects of Three Gorges
  • Over 1.2 million people were displaced – towns and villages were flooded
  • Habitat for many animals and birds were lost
  • Factories , mines, and waste dumps have been buried underwater – concern that chemicals might leak into the water
  • Corruption and shoddy construction have led to disasters at building projects – 40 killed in an incident in 1999
  • Chinese have been jailed for criticizing the dam
slide66

Population over 11 million

2nd largest city in China

Capital of the People’s Republic of China

slide67

Hosted the 2008 Olympics

Most expensive in history - $40 billion

problems facing china
Problems facing China
  • Farmers find it difficult to increase their income
  • Grain output has decreased
  • Unemployment high
  • 1 in 3 people breathe polluted air
  • Only 1/5 of daily waste is treated properly
  • Birth defects are on the rise
slide77

Walls are 32 feet high

There are 9,999 rooms (9 is a lucky number)

Larger than the Vatican and Kremlin combined

All of the buildings are made from painted wood

tiananmen square protest massacre
Tiananmen Square Protest / Massacre
  • Began on April 22, 1989 as a protest for continued economic reform and liberalization
  • Led mainly by students and intellectuals
  • Movement lasted 7 weeks
  • By May over 1 million protesters took part
  • On May 30 art students erected a 30-foot statue – Goddess of Democracy resembling the Statue of Liberty
slide83

On June 3 and 4 troops entered Tiananmen Square and opened fire

  • Exact number of deaths is unknown – reports of 3,000 protesters were killed
  • After the massacre, the government conducted widespread searches for suspected persons
slide87

Shanghai

Largest city in China – 8th largest in the world

18,884,600

Located on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta

Known as “Paris of the East” and “Queen of the Orient”

2004 – Time Magazine called Shanghai “The Most Happening City”

slide88

Park Hyatt Hotel is the tallest hotel in the world

2007 – Hosted the 1st Special Olympic Games ever held in Asia

slide91

Confucianism: belief in the importance of order, education, and hierarchy in a well-ordered society.

confucius
Confucius
  • Chinese philosopher who lived from 551 to 479 B.C.
  • Believed in respect for the past for one’s ancestors
  • Thought children should obey their parents and parents should obey the government and emperor
  • Stressed the importance of education
slide93

Taosim

*Gets its name from a book called the Tao-teChing

*More of a philosophy – believe in

the importance of harmony in

the individual, nature,

and in the universe

*Followers were persecuted

in China for years after the

Communist victory in

1949 and during the

cultural revolution

slide94

Believe the government should leave the people alone and have little involvement in their lives

slide96

Mao Tse-tung (Mao Zedong)

*Chinese communist

revolutionist

*Architect of the People’s

Republic of China (PRC)

*Led the Communist Party

against Chiang Kai-shek’s

Kuomintang in the

Chinese Civil War

slide97

Mao’s Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolution is to blame for millions of deaths (40-50 million), causing famine and executions of the people.

mao tse tung
Mao Tse-tung
  • Translated name means “to shine on the east”
  • Was expelled from 3 schools
  • Believed that the greatest potential for revolution in China lies with the peasants
  • Organized peasant and worker guerrilla forces
  • After 1951, 1-3 million people are executed – purge of China
  • 1958 – Great Leap Forward: development of all sectors of the economy
    • Everyone is required to work in a commune
slide99

Taiwan

*Island country

*Has typhoons

*242 miles long

87 miles wide

*

taiwan facts
TAIWAN FACTS
  • Located 100 miles east of South China
  • Nationalists fled to the island from China after being defeated by the communists
  • Population – 22.5 million
  • Democratic government
  • 2/3s of island is covered by forested peaks
  • Called
    • The IllhaFarmosa – “beautiful island”
    • Kingdom of the Corals
slide104

Trading Partners: US, Japan, and Hong Kong

  • About the size of Massachusetts
  • 1 of the most densely populated countries in the world – 2nd to Bangladesh
  • Religions: 90% practice a blend of Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism
  • Subtropical climate
  • Most speak Mandarin Chinese (Northern China)
slide106

*Manufacturer of electronics: computers, games, CD/DVDs

*Services 58.5%, Industry 36%, Agriculture 5.5%

*Less than 1% of the people live below the poverty line

slide109

Taipei

Largest city in Taiwan

Highly densely populated

Asian capital for art and culture

slide112

Japan

*Means “source

of the sun”

*75% of Japan’s

people live in

cities

*60% of the

people live on

2.7% of the

land

slide114

Land area is slightly smaller than California

Imports most natural resources

Japan is the largest consumer of Amazon rain forest timber

Imports 85% of Jamaica’s annual coffee production

slide115

Education is highly structured: attend school 6 days a week and shorter summer vacation than in America.

slide119

High speed bullet train

Tokyo has the most extensive urban railway network in the world

Sometimes trains are so crowded railway staff are employed to cram passengers inside

japan facts
Japan Facts
  • Parliamentary with constitutional monarchy
  • Population: 127,078,679
  • Japanese if the official language
  • Two major religions:
    • Shinto
    • Buddhism
slide121

Tokyo: Most densely populated metropolitan area in the world

City Population: 12,989,000

Metropolitan Area: 35-39 million

slide122

Japan has the 7th largest population in the world.

60% of the people smoke.

Crime rate in Japan among the lowest in the world.

slide128

Samurai - professional soldier in Japan who served the interests of landowners and clan chiefs

slide130

Korean Peninsula

First occupied by people who migrated from the northwestern regions of Asia

Has been invaded and fought over by its larger neighbors – China, Japan, and Russia

slide131

North Korea

About the size of Mississippi

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

Communist

Country

Ruled by the Kim Jong Il

slide132

Population: 24.05 million

63% live in urban areas

slide135

Posses nuclear weapons

All members of the People’s Assembly belong to the Worker’s Party

Population – 22.7 million

Official language is Korean

slide139

South Korea

Has nearly

3,000 islands

Terrain is mostly rugged and mountainous

Known as –

Hermit

Kingdom

Land of the

Morning

Calm

slide140

Population – 49+ million

Korean is main language

English taught in schools

slide141

Seoul

City population – 10.2

million

98% of population are

Koreans

slide144

3rd largest mega-city in the world

One of the safest cities in the world – little crime

slide145

Began in 1950

Fight was over unification of both countries

North Korea was aided by China and the Soviet Union

slide146

The war lasted until 1953 (3 years) until an armistice was signed

No real victory on either side

A Korean Demilitarized Zone was established

2.5 million civilians lost their lives

1+ million soldiers lost their lives

slide147

North Korea is above the 38th parallel

South Korea is below the 38th parallel

ad