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Bowie State University Fine and Performing Arts Center. Zachary Lippert Faculty Advisor: Dr. Stephen Treado. Bowie State University Fine and Performing Arts Center. Project Team Owner: University of Maryland CM: Holder Construction Company

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Bowie state university fine and performing arts center

Bowie State University

Fine and Performing Arts Center

Zachary Lippert

Faculty Advisor: Dr. Stephen Treado


Bowie state university fine and performing arts center

Bowie State University

Fine and Performing Arts Center

Project Team

Owner: University of Maryland

CM: Holder Construction Company

Architect: EYP Architecture and Engineering

Mechanical Contractor: W.E. Bowers

Electrical Contractor: Mona Electric

Controls Contractor: Seimens

Commissioning Authority: EMC/Eaton

MEP Engineer: EYP Architecture and Engineering

  • Presentation Outline

  • Project Overview

  • Existing Mechanical System

  • Proposed Redesign

  • Ground Source Heat Pump

  • Underfloor Air Distribution System

  • Lighting Breadth

  • Cost and Savings

  • Recommendations

  • Conclusion

Zachary Lippert

Faculty Advisor: Dr. Stephen Treado


Bowie state university fine and performing arts center

  • Project Overview

  • Site

    • Bowie, Maryland

    • Southeast corner of campus

  • Project Information

    • 123,000 square feet

    • $79 million

    • Design-Bid-Build delivery method

  • Architecture

    • Large expanse of glass

    • Mixed use building

    • Multiple large performance spaces

    • Art gallery

  • Presentation Outline

  • Project Overview

  • Existing Mechanical System

  • Proposed Redesign

  • Ground Source Heat Pump

  • Underfloor Air Distribution System

  • Lighting Breadth

  • Cost and Savings

  • Recommendations

  • Conclusion

Courtesy of Google Maps


Bowie state university fine and performing arts center

  • Existing Mechanical System

  • 3 Mixed Air Units with enthalpy wheels

  • 16 Air Handling Units

  • 64 VAV boxes (40 to 1,200 CFM)

  • Presentation Outline

  • Project Overview

  • Existing Mechanical System

  • Proposed Redesign

  • Ground Source Heat Pump

  • Underfloor Air Distribution System

  • Lighting Breadth

  • Cost and Savings

  • Recommendations

  • Conclusion


Bowie state university fine and performing arts center

  • Existing Mechanical System

  • Two 1712 MBH gas fired boilers

  • Four heating water pumps

  • 305 ton air cooled chiller

  • Four chilled water pumps

  • Presentation Outline

  • Project Overview

  • Existing Mechanical System

  • Proposed Redesign

  • Ground Source Heat Pump

  • Underfloor Air Distribution System

  • Lighting Breadth

  • Cost and Savings

  • Recommendations

  • Conclusion


Bowie state university fine and performing arts center

  • Existing Mechanical System

  • Presentation Outline

  • Project Overview

  • Existing Mechanical System

  • Proposed Redesign

  • Ground Source Heat Pump

  • Underfloor Air Distribution System

  • Lighting Breadth

  • Cost and Savings

  • Recommendations

  • Conclusion


Bowie state university fine and performing arts center

  • Proposed Redesign

  • Goals for the redesign

    • Improve the mechanical efficiency

    • Reduce utility bills

  • Redesign Components

    • Ground source heat pump

    • Underfloor air distribution

    • Energy efficient lighting system

  • Presentation Outline

  • Project Overview

  • Existing Mechanical System

  • Proposed Redesign

  • Ground Source Heat Pump

  • Underfloor Air Distribution System

  • Lighting Breadth

  • Cost and Savings

  • Recommendations

  • Conclusion


Bowie state university fine and performing arts center

  • Ground Source Heat Pump

  • Soil type

    • Cretaceous

    • Diffusivity = .9 ft2 /day

    • Conductivity = 1.1 Btu/h*ft*°F

  • Calculations

  • Presentation Outline

  • Project Overview

  • Existing Mechanical System

  • Proposed Redesign

  • Ground Source Heat Pump

  • Underfloor Air Distribution System

  • Lighting Breadth

  • Cost and Savings

  • Recommendations

  • Conclusion


Bowie state university fine and performing arts center

  • Ground Source Heat Pump

  • Equipment

    • 510 bores at 544 ft

    • 2 gpm/ton

    • System flow rate: 410 gpm

    • 5” headers and 1” U-tube piping

    • Total head loss: 54 ft of water

    • Two 10 HP 1750 RPM pumps

  • Energy Model

    • Heating: Saved 411,164 kBtu/year

    • Cooling: Saved 153,327 kBtu/year

    • Auxiliary: Used additional 237,532 kBtu/year

    • Net Savings: 326,959 kBtu/year

  • Presentation Outline

  • Project Overview

  • Existing Mechanical System

  • Proposed Redesign

  • Ground Source Heat Pump

  • Underfloor Air Distribution System

  • Lighting Breadth

  • Cost and Savings

  • Recommendations

  • Conclusion


Bowie state university fine and performing arts center

  • Underfloor Air Distribution

  • Location of the systems

    • Large volume spaces

    • Encourage stratification

  • Duct layout

    • Less ductwork

    • Lower pressure drop

    • Less fan power

  • Presentation Outline

  • Project Overview

  • Existing Mechanical System

  • Proposed Redesign

  • Ground Source Heat Pump

  • Underfloor Air Distribution System

  • Lighting Breadth

  • Cost and Savings

  • Recommendations

  • Conclusion


Bowie state university fine and performing arts center

  • Underfloor Air Distribution

  • Energy Usage

    • Minor reduction in cooling load

    • Significant increase in heating load

  • Presentation Outline

  • Project Overview

  • Existing Mechanical System

  • Proposed Redesign

  • Ground Source Heat Pump

  • Underfloor Air Distribution System

  • Lighting Breadth

  • Cost and Savings

  • Recommendations

  • Conclusion

  • System Drawbacks

    • Raised floor system

    • Larger fan

    • More materials

    • Longer construction time

    • Uses more energy

  • This system was not further investigated

  • System Sizing

    • Increased duct length ~20%

    • Increased fan power and size


Bowie state university fine and performing arts center

  • Presentation Outline

  • Project Overview

  • Existing Mechanical System

  • Proposed Redesign

  • Ground Source Heat Pump

  • Underfloor Air Distribution System

  • Lighting Breadth

  • Cost and Savings

  • Recommendations

  • Conclusion

  • Energy Efficient Lighting

  • Redesign Goal

    • Reduce the yearly kWh in the offices and classrooms

    • Provide adequate light for required tasks

  • Methods

    • Energy efficient luminaires

    • T5HO lamps

    • Occupancy sensors


Bowie state university fine and performing arts center

  • Presentation Outline

  • Project Overview

  • Existing Mechanical System

  • Proposed Redesign

  • Ground Source Heat Pump

  • Underfloor Air Distribution System

  • Lighting Breadth

  • Cost and Savings

  • Recommendations

  • Conclusion

  • Energy Efficient Lighting

  • Existing Lighting Design

    • Offices

      • Recessed direct luminaires

      • Two foot luminaires with two 40 Watt TT5 lamps

      • 1.55 Watts/sq. ft.

    • Classrooms

      • Recessed direct luminaires

      • Four foot luminaires with two 32 Watt T8 lamps

      • 1.47 Watts/sq. ft.

  • Proposed Lighting Design

    • Offices and classrooms

      • Suspended direct/indirect luminaires

      • Four foot luminaires with one 54 Watt T5HO lamps


Bowie state university fine and performing arts center

  • Presentation Outline

  • Project Overview

  • Existing Mechanical System

  • Proposed Redesign

  • Ground Source Heat Pump

  • Underfloor Air Distribution System

  • Lighting Breadth

  • Cost and Savings

  • Recommendations

  • Conclusion

  • Energy Efficient Lighting

  • Illuminance Values

    • Office: 30 foot-candles

    • Music Classrooms: 15 foot-candles

  • AGI Model

    • Less watts per luminaire

    • Half as many luminaires

    • Excellent energy savings


Bowie state university fine and performing arts center

  • Presentation Outline

  • Project Overview

  • Existing Mechanical System

  • Proposed Redesign

  • Ground Source Heat Pump

  • Underfloor Air Distribution System

  • Lighting Breadth

  • Cost and Savings

  • Recommendations

  • Conclusion

  • Energy Efficient Lighting

  • Occupancy Sensors

    • Offices: Passive infrared

    • Classrooms: Ultrasonic

  • Equivalent Full Load Hours

    • Offices: 2870

    • Classrooms: 2522

  • Hours Saved

    • Offices: 1091

    • Classrooms: 1463


Bowie state university fine and performing arts center

Classroom Energy Savings

  • Presentation Outline

  • Project Overview

  • Existing Mechanical System

  • Proposed Redesign

  • Ground Source Heat Pump

  • Underfloor Air Distribution System

  • Lighting Breadth

  • Cost and Savings

  • Recommendations

  • Conclusion

Office Energy Savings


Bowie state university fine and performing arts center

  • Presentation Outline

  • Project Overview

  • Existing Mechanical System

  • Proposed Redesign

  • Ground Source Heat Pump

  • Underfloor Air Distribution System

  • Lighting Breadth

  • Cost and Savings

  • Recommendations

  • Conclusion

  • Ground Source Heat Pump Cost and Savings

  • Total System Cost: $2,938,000

  • BG&E Incentive: $1,000,000

  • Net Cost:$1,938,000

  • Total Utility Savings: -$665.27


Bowie state university fine and performing arts center

  • Presentation Outline

  • Project Overview

  • Existing Mechanical System

  • Proposed Redesign

  • Ground Source Heat Pump

  • Underfloor Air Distribution System

  • Lighting Breadth

  • Cost and Savings

  • Recommendations

  • Conclusion

Lighting Redesign Cost and Savings


Bowie state university fine and performing arts center

  • Simple Payback

  • Occupancy Sensor Costs and Savings

  • Initial Cost of Sensors: $4,480

  • BG&E 75% Incentive:$1,120

  • Cost of Installation:$10,080

  • Net Total Cost:$11,200

  • Presentation Outline

  • Project Overview

  • Existing Mechanical System

  • Proposed Redesign

  • Ground Source Heat Pump

  • Underfloor Air Distribution System

  • Lighting Breadth

  • Cost and Savings

  • Recommendations

  • Conclusion

  • Occupancy Sensor Cost and Savings

  • Initial cost of sensors: $4,480

  • BG&E 75% Incentive: $1,120

  • Cost of Installation: $10,080

  • Net Total Cost: $11,200

  • Simple Payback


Bowie state university fine and performing arts center

  • Presentation Outline

  • Project Overview

  • Existing Mechanical System

  • Proposed Redesign

  • Ground Source Heat Pump

  • Underfloor Air Distribution System

  • Lighting Breadth

  • Cost and Savings

  • Recommendations

  • Conclusion

  • Recommendations

  • Ground Source Heat Pump

    • Reduced energy consumption

    • Expensive to install

    • Increased utility costs

    • Explore other options

  • Underfloor Air Distribution

    • Expensive to install

    • Increased energy consumption

    • Increased construction time

    • Explore other options

  • Lighting Redesign

    • Less expensive to install

    • Reduced energy consumption and costs

    • Implement this design

  • Occupancy Sensors

    • Reduced energy consumption and costs

    • More expensive to install

    • 8.8 year payback

    • Implement this design


Bowie state university fine and performing arts center

  • Presentation Outline

  • Project Overview

  • Existing Mechanical System

  • Proposed Redesign

  • Ground Source Heat Pump

  • Underfloor Air Distribution System

  • Lighting Breadth

  • Cost and Savings

  • Recommendations

  • Conclusion

Acknowledgements

Architectural Engineering Faculty and Staff

Dr. Stephen Treado

Adam Seigrist and Mike Luffred of EMC/Eaton

Hayes Todd of Holder Construction

My Friends and Family

Questions?


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