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Chapter 6; Section 4. Other Battlefronts. Fighting on the Frontier. In the west settlers clashed with Native Americans , whose land they were invading. Native Americans choose sides. When the Revolutionary War began most Native Americans tried to remain neutral

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Chapter 6 section 4

Chapter 6; Section 4

Other Battlefronts

Fighting on the frontier
Fighting on the Frontier

  • In the west settlers clashed with Native Americans , whose land they were invading.

Native americans choose sides
Native Americans choose sides

  • When the Revolutionary War began most Native Americans tried to remain neutral

  • As war spread some Native American tribes did take sides.

  • In the West, many Indians joined the British to protect their lands from American settlers

Victory at vincennes
Victory at Vincennes

  • George Rogers Clark led Virginia fighters against the British in the Ohio Valley with help from the Miami Indians

  • They captured forts Kaskaskia and Cahokia

  • Clark plotted a surprise winter attack on the British at fort Vincennes

  • When they reached the fort they spread out to make their numbersappear greater

  • The British commander was fooled by the strategy and surrendered

A victory at sea
A Victory at Sea

  • Americans could do little against the powerful British navy

  • British ships blockaded American ports

A victory at sea1
A Victory at Sea

  • John Paul Jones: the most daring American captain

  • Jones commanded the Bohomme Richard in the battle against the British warship Serapis

  • Canons caught the Bonhomme on fire so Jones and his crew boarded the enemy ship Serapis and fought hand to hand combat.

  • Americans defeated the British’s warship.

African americans in the battle for freedom
African Americans in the battle for Freedom

  • At first the Continental Congress refused to let African Americans free or enslaved, join the army

  • The British offered freedom to any male slave who served the king

  • In response Washington changed his mind and let African Americans enlist

Comrades in arms
Comrades in arms

  • About 5,000 African Americans fought against the British

  • Some formed special regiments others served as drummers, fifers, spies, and guides and sailors

All men are created equal
“All men are created equal”

  • Black patriots hoped that the Revolution would bring an end to slavery

  • The Declaration stated that “all men are created equal”

  • African American sent petitions to lawmakers asking for freedom

  • Some white leaders like James Otis, hoped the war would end slavery

All men are created equal1
“All men are created equal”

  • By the 1770’s slavery was declining in the North

  • During the Revolution some states like Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania moved to outlaw slavery.

  • Other states debated the issue.

Women in the war
Women in the War

  • Women also helped in the struggle for independence

  • When men went to war women took on added work

    • Planted and harvested crops to feed the continental army

    • Made guns and other weapons

    • Made shoes and wove cloth for blankets and uniforms

    • Many joined their soldier husbands at the front washing clothes, cooking and cared for the wounded (Martha Washington)

    • A few took part in battle