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5. Work Laws and Responsibilities. 5.1 Work-Related Forms and Laws 5.2 Responsibilities on the Job. Do Nows:. Pop Quiz Discuss: Why did your parent choose their career?. Lesson 5.1 Work-Related Forms and Laws. GOALS Discuss the purpose of various work-related forms.

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Work laws and responsibilities

Work Laws and Responsibilities

5.1 Work-Related Forms and Laws

5.2 Responsibilities on the Job


Do nows
Do Nows:

  • Pop Quiz

  • Discuss: Why did your parent choose their career?


Lesson 5 1 work related forms and laws
Lesson 5.1Work-Related Forms and Laws

GOALS

  • Discuss the purpose of various work-related forms.

  • Explain the provisions of major employment laws.

  • Chapter 5


Required work forms
Required Work Forms

  • When you get a job, the government will require a number of forms containing information about you.

  • You will fill out some.

  • Others, your employer will complete.

  • If you are under age 16, you may also need a work permit.

  • Some forms, such as Forms W-2 and W-4, are part of the income tax process.

  • Chapter 5


Form w 4 employee s withholding allowance certificate
Form W-4: Employee’s Withholding Allowance Certificate

  • Form W-4 asks for your name, address, Social Security number, marital status, and the number of exemptions you are claiming for income tax purposes.

  • The information determines the amount your employer will withhold from your paycheck for income taxes.

    • Allowances are reductions in the amount of tax withheld from your paycheck.

    • Exempt status is available only to people who will not earn enough in the year to owe any federal income tax.

  • Chapter 5



Social security
Social Security

  • What do you remember learning in your Social Studies classes about Social Security?


Social security taxes and benefits
Social Security Taxes and Benefits

  • Employers withhold Social Security taxes from your pay and contribute matching amounts.

  • The amounts you earn and the amounts contributed for Social Security throughout your work life are credited to your Social Security account number.

  • When you become eligible, usually at retirement, benefits are paid to you monthly, based upon how much you have paid into your account.

  • Chapter 5


Social security forms
Social Security Forms

  • Social Security Number

    • Your Social Security number is your permanent work identification number.

  • Social Security Card

    • Application for a card

    • Application for a replacement card

  • Social Security Statement of Earnings

    • Request for Social Security Statement of Earnings

  • Chapter 5



Work permit application
Work Permit Application

  • Many states require minors—people under the age of legal adulthood—to obtain a work permit before they are allowed to work.

  • Where to get a work permit application:

    • Your state Department of Labor

    • School counseling center

    • Work experience coordinator

  • Chapter 5


Work permit application1
Work Permit Application

  • (continued)

  • What you need in order to apply for a work permit:

    • Social Security number

    • Proof of age

    • Permission from your parent or legal guardian

  • There is usually no charge.

  • Have any of you had to fill out working papers? What did you have to do?

  • Chapter 5


Form w 2 wage and tax statement
Form W-2:Wage and Tax Statement

  • Form W-2 is a summary of the income you earned during the year and all amounts the employer withheld for taxes.

  • Each of your employers must provide you with a Form W-2 for the previous tax year no later than January 31 of the current year.

  • Each of your employers sends a copy of your Form W-2 to the government.

  • Chapter 5



Form i 9
Form I-9

  • Before you start working, you and your employer must complete an Employment Eligibility Verification form, or Form I-9.

  • The purpose of this form is to verify the employee’s identity and eligibility to work in the United States.

  • Along with the form, you will be required to present forms of identification, which could include a driver’s license, passport, Social Security card, or birth certificate.

  • Chapter 5



Employment laws
Employment Laws

  • The federal government has enacted many laws to protect workers.

  • The Department of Labor is responsible for enforcing labor laws that:

    • Provide unemployment, disability, and retirement insurance benefits

    • Establish a minimum wage and regular working hours

    • Establish rules regarding overtime pay

    • Help workers injured on the job

    • Provide equal employment opportunities and prohibit discrimination

    • Establish safe working conditions

  • Chapter 5


Social security act
Social Security Act

  • The Social Security Act, passed in 1935, established a national social insurance program that provides federal aid for the elderly and for disabled workers.

  • The Medicare provision, added in 1965, provides hospital and medical insurance for those 65 and older.

  • Social Security provides these benefits:

    • Old age retirement income (OA)

    • Survivorship income (S)

    • Disability income (D)

    • Health insurance (HI)

  • Chapter 5


Unemployment compensation
Unemployment Compensation

  • The Social Security Act requires every state to have an unemployment insurance program.

  • Unemployment insurance provides benefits to workers who lose their jobs through no fault of their own.

  • After a waiting period, laid-off or terminated workers may collect a portion of their regular pay for a certain length of time.

  • Premiums for unemployment insurance are usually paid by employers.

  • Chapter 5


Fair labor standards act
Fair Labor Standards Act

  • The Fair Labor Standards Act, which is also known as the Wage and Hour Act, establishes a minimum wage.

  • It also requires hourly workers to be paid “overtime wages” of 1½ times their hourly rate for hours worked beyond 40 per week.

  • A minimum wage is the lowest wage that an employer may pay an employee as established by law.

  • Chapter 5


Workers compensation
Workers’ Compensation

  • Workers’ compensation is an insurance program that pays benefits to workers and/or their families for injury, illness, or death that occurs as a result of the job.

  • The employer is responsible for employee injuries and illnesses that are the result of employment, regardless of fault.

  • Chapter 5


Family and medical leave act
Family and Medical Leave Act

  • The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) of 1993 allows employees to take up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave in a 12-month period for certain medical and family situations.

  • Some employers may choose to pay employees during some types of leave, such as sick leave, but they are not required by law to do so.

  • Chapter 5


Family and medical leave act1
Family and Medical Leave Act

  • (continued)

  • Valid circumstances for unpaid leave under the FMLA include the following:

    • Birth and care of a newborn child, including adoption of a child

    • Care of an immediate family member (spouse, child, or parent) with a serious health condition

    • Medical leave when the employee is unable to work because of a serious health condition

  • Chapter 5


Laws against discrimination in employment
Laws Against Discrimination in Employment

  • Equal Pay Act

  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

  • Age Discrimination in Employment Act

  • Americans with Disabilities Act

  • Chapter 5


Lesson 5 2 responsibilities on the job
Lesson 5.2Responsibilities on the Job

GOALS

  • Discuss employee responsibilities at work.

  • Describe employer responsibilities to employees.

  • Chapter 5


Responsibilities to employers
Responsibilities to Employers

  • Competent work

    • The work needs to be marketable—that is, of such quality that the employer can sell it or use it to favorably represent the company.

  • Punctuality

    • Punctuality means being ready to start work at the appointed time.

  • Chapter 5


Responsibilities to employers1
Responsibilities to Employers

  • (continued)

  • Pleasant attitude

    • Pleasant and easy to get along with

    • Courteous to customers

  • Loyalty and respect

    • Loyalty means that you show respect for your employer and the company for which you work, both on and off the job.

  • Chapter 5


Responsibilities to employers2
Responsibilities to Employers

  • (continued)

  • Dependability

    • Dependability is a character trait that means you can be counted on to do what you say you will do.

  • Initiative

    • Initiative is taking the lead, recognizing what needs to be done, and doing it without having to be told.

  • Chapter 5


Responsibilities to employers3
Responsibilities to Employers

  • (continued)

  • Interest

    • You should project an attitude of wanting to learn all you can and of giving all tasks your best effort.

  • Self-evaluation

    • The ability to take criticism and to assess your own progress is important to you and your employer.

  • Chapter 5


Responsibilities to other employees
Responsibilities to Other Employees

  • Teamwork

    • Teamwork means working cooperatively in order to achieve a group goal.

  • Thoughtfulness

    • Be considerate of coworkers to promote a good work atmosphere for everyone, including customers.

  • Loyalty

    • In addition to being loyal to your employer, you should be loyal to coworkers.

  • Chapter 5


Responsibilities to customers
Responsibilities to Customers

  • Helpfulness

    • Identify what customer wants

    • Solve problems

  • Courtesy and respect

    • Your attitude toward customers should always be respectful and courteous, never hostile or unfriendly.

  • Chapter 5


Employer responsibilities
Employer Responsibilities

  • Adequate supervision

    • Supervision is providing new and current employees with the information and training they need to do their jobs well.

  • Fair human resource policies

    • Policies on hiring, firing, raises, promotions, and dispute resolution need to be fair and well defined.

  • Chapter 5


Employer responsibilities1
Employer Responsibilities

  • (continued)

  • Safe working conditions

    • Safe equipment

    • Safe working environment

    • Adequate training for working under dangerous conditions

  • Open channels of communication

    • Express concerns.

    • Ask questions.

    • Make suggestions.

  • Chapter 5


Employer responsibilities2
Employer Responsibilities

  • (continued)

  • Recognition of achievement

    • An employee evaluation is a report that discusses the employee’s strengths and weaknesses in performing the job and how well the employee helped to meet company goals.

    • As a result of evaluations, employees are given merit pay raises, bonuses, and advancement opportunities.

  • Chapter 5


To do
To Do:

  • Watch 30 Days: Minimum Wage

  • Complete worksheet and discuss


Closure
Closure:

  • What are pros and cons of raising the minimum wage?

  • Should the U.S. raise the minimum wage?


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