# Computer Animation Algorithms and Techniques - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Computer Animation Algorithms and Techniques. Integration. Integration. Given acceleration, compute velocity & position by integrating over time. Projectile. given initial velocity under gravity. Euler integration. For arbitrary function, f(t). Integration – derivative field.

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Computer Animation Algorithms and Techniques

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### Computer AnimationAlgorithms and Techniques

Integration

Integration

Given acceleration, compute velocity & position by integrating over time

Projectile

given initial velocity under gravity

Euler integration

For arbitrary function, f(t)

Integration – derivative field

For arbitrary function, f(t)

Step size

Numeric Integration Methods

(explicit or forward) Euler Integration

2nd order Runga Kutta Integration (Midpoint Method)

4th order Runga Kutta Integration

Implicit (backward) Euler Integration

Semi-implicit Euler Integration

Runge Kutta Integration: 2nd order

Aka Midpoint Method

For unknown function, f(t); known f ’(t)

Step size

Euler Integration

Midpoint Method

Runge Kutta Integration: 4th order

For unknown function, f(t); known f ’(t)

Implicit Euler Integration

For arbitrary function, f(t), find next point whose derivative updates last value to this value: required numeric method (e.g. Newton-Raphson)

Search for point such that negative of tangent points back at original point

Differential equation, initial boundary problem

(implicit/backward)

Euler method

(explicit/forward)

Euler method

e.g. linearize f’ and use Newton-Raphson

Semi-Implicit Euler Integration

Methods specific to update position from acceleration

Heun Method

Verlet Method

Leapfrog Method

Heun Method

Verlet Method

Leapfrog Method