Mendoza-Denton, N. (1996). ‘Muy macha’: gender and ideology in gang girls’ discourse about makeup. Ethnos 61 (1-2) : 47-64. . Presented by Karen Cralli, Iliana Perea, Patrick Humphries. Introduction.
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Presented by Karen Cralli, Iliana Perea, Patrick Humphries
By using the “tools of femininity” for unintended purposes, the cholas reject traditional femininity, instead establish themselves as powerful and intimidating figures.
Eyeliner length and lipstick/lipliner choice communicate willingness to fight, as well as group identification (norteña v. sureña).