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Biology DAC Review. Use this review to prepare yourself for the upcoming District Assessment. Evolution and Natural Selection. Why is Geographic Isolation so important to the process of natural selection? Explain the process of Speciation What does it mean to have a common ancestor?

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Biology dac review

Biology DAC Review

Use this review to prepare yourself for the upcoming District Assessment


Evolution and natural selection
Evolution and Natural Selection

  • Why is Geographic Isolation so important to the process of natural selection?

  • Explain the process of Speciation

  • What does it mean to have a common ancestor?

  • Genetics problem and Natural Selection

  • What is the difference between Homologous and Analogous structures?


Classification
Classification

  • If two specific organisms are very similar genetically…should they be classified together? Explain!

  • Scientific name problem


Scientific name problem
Scientific Name Problem

  • 1. Dogs (Canisfamiliaris) are most closely related genetically to which of the following organisms?

  • A African hunting dog (Lycaonpictus)

  • B Gray wolf (Canis lupus)

  • C Grizzly bear (Ursusarctos)

  • D Domestic cat (Feliscatus)


Scientific name problem1
Scientific Name Problem

  • 2. The bullfrog, Ranacatesbeiana, is most closely related to the —

  • F spotted chorus frog, Pseudacrisclarki

  • G Asian flying frog, Polypedatesleucomystax

  • H northern leopard frog, Ranapipiens

  • J African bullfrog, Pyxicephalusadspersus


Scientific name problem2
Scientific Name Problem

Using Tables and Graphs Which two organisms listed in Figure 18–4 are most closely related to each other?

a. The humpback whale and the spider monkey

b. The spider monkey and the whale shark

c. The corn and the whale shark

d. The humpback whale and the corn

Using Tables and Graphs Which level of taxonomic category shown in Figure 18–4 indicates whether an organism is a mammal or not?

a. The Kingdom

b. The Phylum

c. The Class

d. The Order


Scientific name problem3
Scientific Name Problem

Using Tables and Graphs How many different kingdoms are represented by the organisms listed in Figure 18–4?

a. One

b. Two

c. Three

d. Four


Classification1
Classification

  • If two specific organisms are very similar genetically…should they be classified together? Explain!

  • Scientific name problem

  • Classification chart from three weeks ago


Classification in what kingdom does this organism belong to prove it
ClassificationIn what kingdom does this organism belong to? Prove It!


Classification in what kingdom does this organism belong to prove it1
ClassificationIn what kingdom does this organism belong to? Prove It!


Classification in what kingdom does this organism belong to prove it2
ClassificationIn what kingdom does this organism belong to? Prove It!


Mendelian genetics
Mendelian Genetics

  • Define in your own words

    • Incomplete Dominance

    • Codominance

    • Sex Linked

    • Dominant

    • Recessive


Mendelian genetics1
Mendelian Genetics

What trait will most likely be observed in all offspring of

the above set of parents? Show your punnett square!!!

A Green feathers

B Yellow feathers

C Long beak

D Short beak


Mendelian genetics co dominance
MendelianGeneticsCo Dominance

If you mix white paint (W) with

red paint (R) you would get

Pink paint…right? Show a punnett

square that proves this!


Experimental design
Experimental Design

A student placed a disk of filter paper in each of the following solutions: disinfectant 1, disinfectant 2, disinfectant 3, and distilled water. While the four disks were soaking in their respective solutions, she streaked a sterile nutrient agar dish with a culture of E. coli bacteria. Then, she placed each disk carefully onto the nutrient agar dish, placed the lid on the dish, taped it shut, and incubated the dish at 37ºC for several days. Figure 19-4 shows how the nutrient agar dish looked on Day 1 and Day 4.


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