Postsecondary school enrollment and experiences of youth with disabilities a national perspective
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Postsecondary School Enrollment and Experiences of Youth With Disabilities: A National Perspective. Findings From the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) Lynn Newman, Ed.D. SRI International Institute of Education Sciences Third Annual Research Conference Washington, D.C.

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Postsecondary School Enrollment and Experiences of Youth With Disabilities: A National Perspective

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Postsecondary school enrollment and experiences of youth with disabilities a national perspective

Postsecondary School Enrollment and Experiences of Youth With Disabilities: A National Perspective

Findings From the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2)

Lynn Newman, Ed.D.SRI International

Institute of Education Sciences Third Annual Research Conference

Washington, D.C.

June 10-12, 2008


Nlts2 overview

NLTS2 Overview

NLTS2 has been funded with federal funds from the U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, under contract number ED-01-CO-0003. The content of this publication does not necessarily reflect the view or policies of the U.S. Department of Education, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. government.


Nlts2 data source

NLTS2 Data Source

Parent telephone interview and youth telephone interview/survey

Wave 3, 2005

Responses for youth who have been out of high school up to 4 years (n=approximately 2,950)

Ages 17 through 21


Today s focus

Today’s Focus

  • Postsecondary school enrollment

  • Postsecondary school experiences

  • Postsecondary accommodations and supports

  • Preliminary postsecondary school completion rates


Postsecondary enrollment

Postsecondary Enrollment


Postsecondary school enrollment since leaving high school

Postsecondary School Enrollment Since LeavingHigh School

Percentage-point difference

17***

10***

*** p < .001 comparing youth with disabilities in 1990 with youth with disabilities in 2005, and comparing youth with disabilities in 2005 with youth in general population.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs, National Transition Study (NLTS), Wave 2 parent and youth interview/survey, 1990; U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 3 parent interview and youth interview/survey, 2005; U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (NLSY97) 2001 youth survey, responses for 17- to 21-years-old.


Postsecondary school enrollment and experiences of youth with disabilities a national perspective

Postsecondary School Enrollment Since Leaving High School of Youth With Disabilities, by School Type and Year of Data Collection

Percentage-point differences

Ever enrolled in a:

17***

11***

9***

*** p < .001 comparing youth with disabilities in 1990 with youth with disabilities in 2005.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs, National Transition Study (NLTS), Wave 2 parent and youth interview/survey, 1990; U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 3 parent interview and youth interview/survey, 2005.


Postsecondary school enrollment and experiences of youth with disabilities a national perspective

Postsecondary School Enrollment at the Time of the Interview of Youth With Disabilities and Youth in the General Population, by School Type

Enrolled at the time of the interview in a:

*** p < .001 comparing youth with disabilities and youth in the general population.

Note: General population comparison data not available for vocational, business, or technical school enrollment.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 3 parent interview and youth interview/survey, 2005; U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (NLSY97) 2001 youth survey, responses for 17- to 21-year-olds.


Postsecondary school enrollment and experiences of youth with disabilities a national perspective

Difference in Postsecondary School Enrollment Associated With Individual and Household Characteristics


Postsecondary school enrollment since leaving high school by disability category

Postsecondary School Enrollment Since Leaving High School, by Disability Category

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 3 parent interview and youth interview/survey, 2005.


Postsecondary school enrollment and experiences of youth with disabilities a national perspective

Postsecondary School Enrollment Since Leaving High School of Youth With Disabilities, by High School Leaving Status

Ever enrolled in a:

*** p < .001 comparing high school completers with noncompleters.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 3 parent interview and youth interview/survey, 2005.


Postsecondary school enrollment and experiences of youth with disabilities a national perspective

Postsecondary School Enrollment Since Leaving High School of Youth with Disabilities, by Household Income

Ever enrolled in a:

***

*

**

* p < .05, ** p < .01, *** p < .001 comparing youth from households with incomes of $25,000 or less with those from households with incomes of more than $50,000.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 3 parent interview and youth interview/survey, 2005.


Postsecondary school enrollment and experiences of youth with disabilities a national perspective

Postsecondary School Enrollment Since Leaving High School of Youth With Disabilities, by Race/Ethnicity

Ever enrolled in a:

**

** p < .01 comparing White youth with African American youth.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 3 parent interview and youth interview/survey, 2005.


Postsecondary experiences

Postsecondary Experiences


Postsecondary school enrollment and experiences of youth with disabilities a national perspective

Mean Number of Months Between Leaving High School and Beginning Postsecondary School by Youth With Disabilities

Students enrolled in a:

Note: Refers to number of months between leaving high school and first enrollment in a specific type of postsecondary school, for those ever enrolled in postsecondary school.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 3 parent interview and youth interview/survey, 2005.


Full time attendance at postsecondary schools by youth with disabilities

Full-Time Attendance at Postsecondary Schools by Youth With Disabilities

Students enrolled in a:

Note: Of youth who have ever enrolled in postsecondary school, refers to current enrollment or for those not currently enrolled, their most recent enrollment.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 3 parent interview and youth interview/survey, 2005.


Primary focus of courses taken at 2 year or community colleges by youth with disabilities

Primary Focus of Courses Taken at 2-Year or Community Colleges by Youth With Disabilities

Note: Of youth who have ever enrolled in postsecondary school, refers to current enrollment or for those not currently enrolled, their most recent enrollment.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 3 parent interview and youth interview/survey, 2005.


Postsecondary accommodations and supports

Postsecondary Accommodationsand Supports


Disclosure of disability by youth with disabilities in postsecondary school

Disclosure of Disability by Youth With Disabilities in Postsecondary School

Note: Of youth who have ever enrolled in postsecondary school, refers to current enrollment or for those not currently enrolled, they most recent enrollment.\

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 3 parent interview and youth interview/survey, 2005.


Self identification of a disability by disability category

Self-Identification of a Disability, by Disability Category

Student does not consider self to have a disability:

Note: Responses of students who have ever enrolled in postsecondary school.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 3 parent interview and youth interview/survey, 2005.


Receipt of accommodations and supports from postsecondary school because of disability

Receipt of Accommodations and Supports From Postsecondary School Because of Disability

Received accommodations and supports independent of whether informed school of disability and supports in:

Note: Of youth who have ever enrolled in postsecondary school, refers to current enrollment or for those not currently enrolled, their most recent enrollment.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 1 school program survey, 2002, and Wave 3 parent interview and youth interview/survey, 2005.


Receipt of accommodations and supports from school because of disability

Receipt of Accommodations and Supports From School Because of Disability

Received accommodations and supports independent of whether informed school of disability and supports in:

Note: Of youth who have ever enrolled in postsecondary school, refers to current enrollment or for those not currently enrolled, their most recent enrollment.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 1 school program survey, 2002, and Wave 3 parent interview and youth interview/survey, 2005.


Postsecondary school enrollment and experiences of youth with disabilities a national perspective

Receipt of Accommodations and Supports From School by Youth Who Consider Themselves to Have a Disability and Have Informed School of Disability

Students enrolled in a:

Note: Of youth who have ever enrolled in postsecondary school, refers to current enrollment or for those not currently enrolled, their most recent enrollment.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 3 parent interview and youth interview/survey, 2005.


Types of accommodations and supports received from postsecondary schools by youth with disabilities

Types of Accommodations and Supports Received From Postsecondary Schools by Youth with Disabilities

Note: Of youth who have ever enrolled in postsecondary school, refers to current enrollment or for those not currently enrolled, their most recent enrollment.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 3 parent interview and youth interview/survey, 2005.


Receipt of help with schoolwork from postsecondary school not necessarily related to a disability

Receipt of Help With Schoolwork From Postsecondary School, Not Necessarily Related to a Disability

Students enrolled in a:

Note: Of youth who have ever enrolled in postsecondary school, refers to current enrollment or for those not currently enrolled, their most recent enrollment.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 3 parent interview and youth interview/survey, 2005.


Postsecondary students with disabilities got help on their own outside of what school had provided

Postsecondary Students With Disabilities Got Help on Their Own Outside of What School Had Provided

Students enrolled in a:

Note: Of youth who have ever enrolled in postsecondary school, refers to current enrollment or for those not currently enrolled, their most recent enrollment.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 3 parent interview and youth interview/survey, 2005.


Youth with disabilities perceptions of assistance with postsecondary schoolwork

Youth With Disabilities’ Perceptions of Assistance With Postsecondary Schoolwork

Students enrolled in a:

Note: Of youth who have ever enrolled in postsecondary school, refers to current enrollment or for those not currently enrolled, their most recent enrollment.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 3 parent interview and youth interview/survey, 2005.


Youth with disabilities perceptions of sufficiency of schoolwork assistance

Youth With Disabilities’ Perceptions of Sufficiency of Schoolwork Assistance

Students enrolled in a:

Note: Of youth who have ever enrolled in postsecondary school, refers to current enrollment or for those not currently enrolled, their most recent enrollment.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 3 parent interview and youth interview/survey, 2005.


Postsecondary school enrollment and experiences of youth with disabilities a national perspective

A Preliminary Look at Postsecondary School Completion


Postsecondary school enrollment and experiences of youth with disabilities a national perspective

School Completion Goal of Postsecondary Students With Disabilities Enrolled at the Time of the Interview

Working toward a diploma, certificate, or license at:

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 3 parent interview and youth interview/survey, 2005.


Postsecondary school enrollment and experiences of youth with disabilities a national perspective

Postsecondary School Completion Within 4 Years of Leaving High School by Youth With Disabilities Who Have Ever Been Enrolled in a Postsecondary Program

Graduated or completed program at:

Percent of students who had ever been enrolled in postsecondary school but are not currently enrolled

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Special Education Research, National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2), Wave 3 parent interview and youth interview/survey, 2005.


For more information

For more information:

Full Reports Fact Sheets & Data Briefs

Executive SummariesData Tables

www.nlts2.org


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