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The

Geography

of

Africa

Ms. Susan M. Pojer

Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY



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Africa’s Size

4 6 0 0 M I L E S

5000

MILES

  • Second largest continent  11,700,000 sq. mi.

  • 10% of the world’s population.

  • 2 ½ times the size of the U. S.


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Mediterranean Sea

Bodies

Of

Water

Red Sea

NileRiver

NigerRiver

L. Chad-->

<--Gulf of Aden

L. Albert-->

Congo River

L. Victoria

L. Tanganyika->

Indian Ocean

Atlantic Ocean

Zambezi River

LimpopoRiver

OrangeRiver

Pacific Ocean


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The Mighty Nile River:“Longest River in the World”


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The Congo River Basin

  • Covers 12% of thecontinent.

  • Extends over 9countries.

  • 2,720 miles long.

  • 99% of the countryof Zaire is in theCongo River basin.


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The Niger River Basin

  • Covers 7.5% of the continent.

  • Extends over 10 countries.

  • 2,600 miles long.



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Atlas Mts.

Mountains

&

Peaks

ΔMt. Kenya

ΔMt. Kilimanjaro

Ruwenzori Mts.

Drajensburg Mts.



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Libyan Desert

Deserts

Sahara Desert

Sahel

Namib Desert

Kalahari Desert





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Valleys

&

Plains

Great Rift Valley


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Great Rift Valley

3,000 miles long



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Tropic of Cancer 20° N

Africa:The“Tropical”Continent

Equator 0°

Tropic of Capricorn20° S



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West Africa: Home of our Hurricanes



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The African Savannah:13 million sq. mi.


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African Rain Forest

  • Annual rainfall of up to 17 ft.

  • Rapid decomposition (very humid).

  • Covers 37 countries.

  • 15% of the land surface of Africa.


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Mt. Kilimanjaro:Snow on the Equator?


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Mediterranean Sea

Atlas Mts.

Libyan Desert

The

Complete

Topography

Of

AFRICA

Tropic of Cancer 20° N

Sahara Desert

Red Sea

Sahel

NileRiver

NigerRiver

L. Chad-->

Great Rift Valley

<--Gulf of Aden

L. Albert-->

ΔMt. Kenya

Equator 0°

Congo River

L. Victoria

ΔMt. Kilimanjaro

L. Tanganyika->

Indian Ocean

Ruwenzori Mts.

Atlantic Ocean

Zambezi River

Namib Desert

Kalahari Desert

LimpopoRiver

Tropic of Capricorn20° S

OrangeRiver

Drajensburg Mts.

Pacific Ocean



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