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Advantages and disadvantages of container gardening Cultural requirements and issues pertaining container gardening What to plant in containers

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Container Gardening:

Objectives

  • What you’ll learn today…

  • Advantages and disadvantages of container gardening

  • Cultural requirements and issues pertaining

  • container gardening

  • What to plant in containers


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Container gardening

  • What is container gardening?

    • Container gardening is growing vegetables __________________________ and not in the ground

  • Has been practiced for 1000’s of years

    • Hanging Gardens of Babylon

  • Container gardens can be a way for elderly or disabled to garden


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Advantages of container gardening

  • Can grow vegetables _________ ________ _____________

  • Can grow vegetables where __________ ______________ is impossible

    • Apartments

    • Patios

  • Can soften harsh landscapes

  • Provides source of fresh food


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Differences from growing vegetables in ground

  • Container gardening is less forgiving of mistakes – WHY? _____________________

  • Environment harsher for plants in containers – WHY? _____________________________

  • Plants have limited root volume

  • Easier to control environment in containers

  • Fewer problems with weeds


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Check out this website for more information. Pictures are also from this site. http://home.messiah.edu/~jebeneze/ UrbanAgriculture/Garden.htm

Rooftop wading pool gardens

Feed sack gardens


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The Big Thing to Remember with Container Gardening…

YOU are providing everything that the _____________

________________ provides to an in-ground garden

There’s a lot to think about!


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What’s needed to grow healthy vegetables in containers?

  • A sufficient supply of nutrients

    • Especially the __________ ______________

    • Regular fertilization is important

    • Liquid fertilizer easiest to use for containers

  • The right pH

    • ________ to __________

  • Watering

    • One of the most important things!

    • Frequency and amount depends on root area, plant, and environment

    • Some vegetables will need watering very day


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Putting the Container in Container Gardening…

  • Considerations with containers

    • Vegetable grown will determine

      size of container

    • Avoid containers with __________ openings

    • Cheap plastic pots will deteriorate rapidly in UV light

    • Terracotta pots __________ _______ rapidly

    • Wood containers

      • Tend to rot

      • Cedar or redwood are less susceptible to rot

      • Avoid wood treated with creosote, penta, or other toxic compounds


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More Container Info

  • Considerations with containers

    • Use ________ enough and _________ enough containers to allow good root growth

    • _________-_____________ containers lessen heat absorption and encourage even root growth

    • 6-10 inch size adequate for green onion, parsley, herbs

    • 5 gallon size good for tomatoes, peppers, eggplant


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Drainage in Container Gardens

  • Good drainage

    • Make sure media does not retain too much moisture

    • _______ media to allow for air space and drainage

    • Containers must have adequate drain holes

    • Make sure holes are not blocked

    • Add _________ of coarse gravel at the bottom of the container to improve drainage


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Temperatures, Light, & Photoperiod

  • Air and soil temperature

    • Air temperatures can be substantially ________________ than over bare ground

    • Soils in containers can become quite hot or cold

    • Select vegetables according to the environment

  • Sufficient light and correct photoperiod

    • Need at least ____________ of direct sunlight

    • Order of amount of light needed

      • Fruiting > Root vegetables > Leaf vegetables

    • Artificial lights can extend _______________


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Air Exchange & Root Growth

  • Plants need ample air exchange

    • _____________ and other toxic substances do not build up

  • Root area

    • Critical factor in container gardening

    • Want container size/ root

      volume as large as possible

    • Otherwise plants can become ___________________


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Growing Vegetables & Herbs:What You’ll Want

  • Requirements

    • Continuous yield

    • Easy to grow

      • Do not have a lot of insect or disease problems

    • Choose plants you’ll like eating

    • Compact, low growing, ________, or ___________ varieties

    • Colorful foliage or fruits:

      ornamental &

      ________________


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Suggestions for Herbs & Cultivars

  • Kitchen herbs

    • Basil

    • Rosemary

    • Chives

    • Sage

    • Thyme

  • Pots or baskets of tomato plants

    • Use cultivars bred for _________________________

    • Totally Tomatoes’ container gardening pack…


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More Vegetable Suggestions

  • Pots of hot peppers

    • Small colorful fruit

  • Window boxes

    • Leaf lettuces or _________

      mixtures

    • Different types of radishes

  • Cucumbers on trellises

  • Hanging baskets

    • ________ _________ _________


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