the ode as a poetic f orm
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The Ode

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brief history
Brief History
  • Originated in Greece as integral part of Greek drama
  • Literally meant to sing or chant
  • Originally accompanied by music or dance
  • Disappeared during Dark Ages and was brought back to light at start of Renaissance
  • Used by Romantic poets to convey their strongest sentiments

http://www.webexhibits.org/poetry/explore_classic_ode_background.html

the ode
The Ode
  • “The ode can be generalized as a formal address to an event, a person, or a thing not present”
  • Originally a serious poetic form
  • Modern odes are usually written to praise ordinary things
  • Example : An ode can be written finding the beauty in a plastic bag floating through the wind

http://www.webexhibits.org/poetry/explore_classic_ode_background.html

the ode4
The Ode
  • Employs various poetic techniques
    • Alliteration
    • Rhyme
    • Figurative language
  • Three typical types of Odes
      • Pindaric
      • Horatian
      • Irregular
  • Many others exist but are fundamentally based on these three forms
pindaric ode
Pindaric Ode
  • First Ode Form
  • Created by Pindar in Ancient Greece 5th century BC
  • Written to celebrate victories at the Olympic Games
  • Stanza length and rhyme scheme are not set in stone and determined by poet

http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/basics101/tp/061308famouspeople.05.htm

pindaric ode6
Pindaric Ode
  • Divided into three sections
  • Strophe
    • A formal opening
    • Tells one part of story
  • Antistrophe
    • Mirrors the opening
    • Tells the counterpart
    • Same meter as strophe
  • Epode
    • Closing section of different length and meter
horatian ode
Horatian Ode
  • Named after Roman poet Horace
  • Less formal and ceremonious than the Pindaric
  • More tranquil and contemplative
  • Deeply personal
  • Better for quiet reading rather than theatrical performance
  • Uses a regular and recurrent stanza pattern
  • Written in stanzas of two or four lines
irregular ode
Irregular Ode
  • Abraham Crowley developed this form
  • Sometimes called a Crowley Ode
  • Stanzas are unlike in structure
  • Number and length of lines varies
  • Rhyme scheme is changing
  • Many Romantic poets had forms that much like the Irregular Ode

http://www.tastearts.com/category/food-poetry/page/20/

ode in the romantic era
“Ode” in the Romantic Era
  • Complex stanzas from the Irregular Ode
  • Personal mediation attributed to the Horatian Ode
  • Generally no emotional restrain
  • Intellectually guided
  • Relating to nature
  • Brought the Ode to new heights

http://www.nndb.com/people/851/000024779/

ode in the romantic era10
“Ode” in the Romantic Era
  • Ode on a Grecian Urn by John Keats
  • Regarded as one of the greatest Odes in Romantic Period
  • Ten-line stanzas with regular structure
  • First six lines follow ABABCDE rhyme pattern
  • Last three vary DCE, CED, CDE, CDE, DCE for each of 5 stanzas (only first two shown)

http://www.bartleby.com/101/625.html

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Influenced poetry for thousands of years
  • Anything with a meter, rhythmic scheme and stanzas can be considered an ode.
  • Most commonly known odes have 10 line stanzas using iambic verse with ABABCDECDE rhyme scheme
  • Many other types as shown previously
  • NOW TIME FOR A QUESTION!
works cited
Works Cited

Padgett, Ron . "Poetic Form Ode." poets.org. 6 May. 2002. 6 Jul. 2011. <http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/5784>.

"How to write an Ode." ehow. 5 Jun. 2006. 6 Jul. 2011. <http://www.ehow.com/how_16706_write-ode.html>.

"Ode." The Poets Garret. 7 Feb. 2011. 6 Jul.<http://www.thepoetsgarret.com/form.html#ode>

Newman, Bob . "Ode." Voice Central. 2004. 7 Jul. 2011. <http://www.volecentral.co.uk/vf/ode.htm>.

"ode." Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 2011. Web. 08 Jul. 2011. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/425020/ode>.

Poetry Through the Ages. 4 Oct. 2000. 7 Jul. 2011. <http://www.webexhibits.org/poetry/explore_classic_ode_background.html>.

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