Proposed canada eu fta and agricultural trade
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Proposed Canada-EU FTA and Agricultural Trade. David Blandford [email protected] Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs): New developments and expectations AES/CEAS Conference School of Economics, University of Kent 24 th June, 2011 . Canada-EU FTA:.

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Proposed canada eu fta and agricultural trade

Proposed Canada-EU FTA and Agricultural Trade

David Blandford

[email protected]

Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs):

New developments and expectations

AES/CEAS Conference

School of Economics, University of Kent

24th June, 2011


Canada eu fta

Canada-EU FTA:

  • A proposal to conclude a Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between the EU and Canada was announced in June 2009

  • Seven rounds of negotiations have been completed since October 2009

  • The aim is conclude the negotiations by 2012

  • The EU is Canada’s 2nd largest trading partner taking $C49.2 billion of exports and supplying $C55.2 billion of imports in 2010


Canada eu fta1

Canada-EU FTA:

  • Joint Canada-EU study has suggested a gain of 0.77% in Canada’s GDP and 0.08% in EU GDP from liberalization of trade in goods and services

  • The study and its conclusions have been controversial in Canada

  • Canada already has an FTA with the US its largest trading partner: NAFTA, 1994 the successor to CUSTA, 1988


Leading us agricultural export destinations 2010

Leading US agricultural export destinations (2010)

Source: Foreign Agricultural Trade of the US


Leading us agricultural export destinations 20101

Leading US agricultural export destinations (2010)

Source: Foreign Agricultural Trade of the US


Leading us sources of agricultural imports 2010

Leading US sources of agricultural imports (2010)

Source: Foreign Agricultural Trade of the US


Leading us sources of agricultural imports 20101

Leading US sources of agricultural imports (2010)

Source: Foreign Agricultural Trade of the US


Us agricultural trade with canada

US agricultural trade with Canada


Us agricultural trade with canada1

US agricultural trade with Canada


Us agricultural trade with canada2

US agricultural trade with Canada


Us agricultural exports to the eu 2010

US agricultural exports to the EU (2010)

Source: Foreign Agricultural Trade of the US


Us agricultural imports from the eu 2010

US agricultural imports from the EU (2010)

Source: Foreign Agricultural Trade of the US


Canada s total trade with the eu

Canada’s total trade with the EU

From J. Stanford, “Out of equilibrium: the impact of EU-Canada free trade on the real economy”, October 2010.


Canada s trade with the eu 2009

Canada’s trade with the EU, 2009

Source: J. Stanford, “Out of equilibrium: the impact of EU-Canada free trade on the real economy”, October 2010.


Structure of canada eu trade 2009

Structure of Canada-EU trade 2009

EU exports to Canada

Canadian exports to EU

Source: J. Stanford, “Out of equilibrium: the impact of EU-Canada free trade on the real economy”, October 2010.


Major agricultural products in canada eu trade 2009

Major agricultural products in Canada-EU trade, 2009

EU exports to Canada

Canadian exports to EU

Source: J. Stanford, “Out of equilibrium: the impact of EU-Canada free trade on the real economy”, October 2010.


Wine policies in canada

Wine policies in Canada

  • MFN tariff on beer, spirits and most types of wine (made from grapes) is zero

  • But:

    • A Federal excise tax of 51.22 cents/litre is applied for wine over 7% alcohol

    • A 5% goods and services tax (GST) is added on top of the excise duty

    • Provincial liquor control boards or commissions (13) apply a mark-up to the wine (e.g., 17% in BC)

    • Provincial liquor sales taxes are applied on top of all this (10-12%)

    • Total tax can be over 50%

  • A Canada-EC wine and spirits agreement has existed since 2003– primarily for GIs


Access to canada s dairy market

Access to Canada’s dairy market

  • A supply management system has operated since 1970

  • NAFTA (and the earlier Canada-US FTA) had very little impact on U.S. market access for dairy products

  • Canada created TRQs for dairy products as part of the URAA (e.g., the tariff-free access for yogurt of 332 metric tons – the over quota tariff is 237.5%). The TRQ for cheese is 20,411.866 tonnes


Proposed canada eu fta and agricultural trade1

Proposed Canada-EU FTA and Agricultural Trade

David Blandford

[email protected]

Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs):

New developments and expectations

AES/CEAS Conference

School of Economics, University of Kent

24th June, 2011


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