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Title : the tripartite FTA – opportunity for agricultural trade Taku Fundira. African Agriculture Overview. Agriculture’s economic contribution: an engine for growth in Africa A growing awareness to overhaul the agricultural sector in response to changes in the global environment ;

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Title : the tripartite FTA – opportunity for agricultural trade Taku Fundira

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Title: the tripartite FTA – opportunity for agricultural trade

Taku Fundira


African Agriculture Overview

Agriculture’s economic contribution: an engine for growth in Africa

A growing awareness to overhaul the agricultural sector in response to changes in the global environment;

Common African Agricultural Development Programme (CAADP) managed by the NEPAD Planning & Coordinating Agency (NPCA) in terms of which, member states commit to increasing contributions to agricultural development initiatives.

African countries have thus an opportunity to work as a collective and attain the target levels for economic growth and be able to meet the MDGs


Trade at a glance

The underlying factor is that higher economic growths in Africa cannot be realised without significant increases in agricultural productive capacity across the value chain.


Agribusiness development: Issues and Challenges

  • Agribusiness: - the collective business activities that are performed from farm to fork...

  • According to FAO.... “Agribusiness is characterized by raw materials that are mostly perishable, variable in quality and not regularly available.”

  • A common characteristic in developing regions is the transition to market driven systems associated with greater reliance on input markets and growth of post-production enterprises.

  • Over the next 2 decades, for job creation and income generation to materialise, there is need for agribusiness in Africa to undergo significant structural transformation and technological upgrading.


Current developments: The COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite FTA

Agricultural Policies in the tripartite configuration

  • COMESA: guided by the COMESA Agricultural policy

  • EAC: guided by the EAC Agriculture and Rural Development Policy (EAC-ARDP)

  • SADC: guided by the Dar-es-Salam Declaration on Declaration on Agriculture and Food Security.

    -The SADC is currently drafting a Regional Agricultural Policy (RAP) which defines common agreed objectives to guide, promote and support actions at regional and national levels in the agricultural sector.


Current developments: The COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite FTA

Market Access of agricultural products in the tripartite configuration

  • Elimination of tariff and non tariff barriers to trade;

  • Issue of sensitive products: how is this a limiting factor to enhancing market access?

  • tralac currently looking at the issue of sensitive products and how this affects agricultural trade liberalisation.


Current developments: The COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite FTA

Preliminary analysis: South African exports to the tripartite countries

  • With the exception of SACU members and Libya, tariffs still in place;

  • Mauritius (95%); Seychelles (85%); Zambia (83%) and Mozambique (81%) relatively open. The rest still maintain protection in over 60% of the product lines, with Burundi (100%); Rwanda (96%); Zimbabwe (95%) and Sudan (88%).

  • “Food, Beverages and Tobacco” and “Vegetable products” still face the highest level of protection, while “Chemical products” and “Raw Hides” face the least level of protection.


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