Depth of field
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Depth of Field. Depth of Field. The distance range between the nearest and farthest objects that appear in acceptably sharp focus. Depth of field depends on the lens opening, the focal length of the lens, and the distance from the lens to the subject.

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Depth of Field

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Depth of field

Depth of Field

Depth of field1

Depth of Field

  • The distance range between the nearest and farthest objects that appear in acceptably sharp focus.

  • Depth of field depends on the lens opening, the focal length of the lens, and the distance from the lens to the subject.

The general principles that govern depth of field

The General Principles That Govern Depth of Field

Depth of field





Lenses and perspective

Lenses and Perspective

  • Lens and Perspective

  • Lens and Light

Depth of field

Clip from Blue directed by Krzysztof Kieslowski

Before you shoot

Before You Shoot

There are three things you need to decide before you shoot:

  • Camera Position

  • Camera Height

  • Focal Length of the Lens

Camera movement

Camera Movement



Dolly Shots

Hand-held shots

Crane Shots

Zoom Lenses

The Aerial Shot

1 pans

1. Pans

  • A movement which scans a scene horizontally. The camera is placed on a tripod, which operates as a stationary axis point as the camera is turned, often to follow a moving object which is kept in the middle of the frame

2 tilts

2. Tilts

  • A movement which scans a scene vertically, otherwise similar to a pan.

3 dolly shots

3. Dolly Shots

  • Sometimes called TRUCKING or TRACKING shots. The camera is placed on a moving vehicle and moves alongside the action, generally following a moving figure or object.

  • A dolly shot may be a good way of portraying movement, the journey of a character for instance, or for moving from a long shot to a close-up, gradually focusing the audience on a particular object or character.

4 hand held shots

4. Hand-held shots

  • The hand-held camera allow the camera operator to move in and out of scenes with greater speed. It gives a jerky, ragged effect, totally at odds with the organized smoothness of a dolly shot, and is favored by filmmakers looking for a gritty realism, which involves the viewer very closely with a scene.

5 crane shots

5. Crane Shots

  • Basically, dolly-shots-in-the-air. A crane is a useful way of moving a camera - it can move up, down, left, right, swooping in on action or moving diagonally out of it.

6 zoom lenses

6. Zoom Lenses

  • The zoom lens means that the camera need not be moved. The zoom lens can zip a camera in or out of a scene very quickly. The drawbacks include the fact that while a dolly shot involves a steady movement similar to the focusing change in the human eye, the zoom lens tends to be jerky and to distort an image, making objects appear closer together than they really are.

7 the aerial shot

7. The Aerial Shot

  • An exciting variation of a crane shot, usually taken from a helicopter. This is often used at the beginning of a film, in order to establish setting and movement. A helicopter is like a particularly flexible sort of crane - it can go anywhere, keep up with anything, move in and out of a scene, and convey real drama and exhilaration.

Depth of field

Beyond The Clouds

Depth of field

The Color Of Purple

Depth of field

Run Lola Run

Depth of field

Once Upon a America

Achieving three dimensional spatial depth

Achieving Three Dimensional Spatial Depth

  • Same and opposite moving direction between subject and camera

  • Combine zooming and camera movement

  • Passing through the foreground objects

  • Combination of different type of camera movement

Assignment 3

Assignment #3

  • Lab (9/21, 9/22, 9/23): Group discussion and presentation for Project #2 – individual short narrative project. Get ready for the shoot

  • Bing: 1 roll of film (100ft, KODAK VISION2 50D/7201) for the individual project shoot

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