The origin of the universe
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The Origin of the Universe. 邱敏華 4000Z026 楊夢庭 4000Z030 蘇于 庭 4000Z033 黃騰 緯 4001J018 陳 宛吟 4980Z033. First Paragraph-words and phrases. record-to take down; to clock up 紀錄 記載 字首 -re 再 , 回 字根 -cord 心 ongoing- 前進的 ; 進行的 ; 不間斷的

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The Origin of the Universe

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The origin of the universe

The Origin of the Universe

邱敏華 4000Z026

楊夢庭 4000Z030

蘇于庭 4000Z033

黃騰緯 4001J018

陳宛吟 4980Z033


First paragraph words and phrases

First Paragraph-words and phrases

  • record-to take down; to clock up 紀錄 記載

    字首-re再,回 字根-cord心

  • ongoing-前進的; 進行的; 不間斷的

  • controversy-to argue; to dispute; to debate; to controvert 爭論

    字首-contro相反,反對 字根-vers轉,旋,翻 字尾-y行為,狀態

  • particular-special 特殊的

    字首-part部分,分開 字根-i+cul(e)小 字尾-ar有...特性的

  • debate-to argue; to debate; to dispute; to moot 辯論, 討論, 爭論

    字首-de向下 字根-bat擊 字尾-e(v.n)

  • create-to create; to initiate; to coin 創造; 創作; 設計

    字根-creat生長出來 字尾-e(v)

  • equally-similarly 相同地; 同樣地

    字根-equa均等 字尾-ally以...方式


Main ideas of the first paragraph

Main ideas of the first paragraph

  • Debate has centered around how-or if the universe began.

  • There is one school of thought considering that the universe was created.


Second paragraph words and phrases

Second Paragraph-words and phrases

  • philosopher-哲學家

  • exist-to exist;existence;[Philosophy] being 存在

    字首-ex出向外 (s)ist站立

  • eternal-永久的;永恆的;無窮的

  • static-靜的;穩定的

    字根-stat站立 字尾-(a)ic具有...特性的,與...有關的

  • unchanging-不變的

    字首-un不 字根-chang(e)改變 字尾-ing...的

  • belief-to believe; to trust; to be convinced of 相信; 信任,信賴

  • significantly-意味深長地 值得注目地

    字首-sign標記,指明 字根-i+fic做 字尾-ant有...作用的 ly以...方式


Main ideas of the second paragraph

Main ideas of the second paragraph

  • Greek philosopher Aristotle thought the universe had existed and would exist forever and thought it was eternal and perfect.

  • Jewish, Christian and Islamic religions and the Greek philosopher had one thought in common was that the universe itself was static and unchanging.


Third paragraph words of phrases

Third paragraph-words of phrases

  • evidence-evidence; proof; testimony; witness 證據; 證詞; 證人; 物證

    字首-e出,外 字根-vid看 字尾-ence狀態,功能

  • motionless-不動的, 靜止的

    字根-mot運動 字尾-ion行為 less無,不

  • unchanging-不變的

    字首-un不 字根-chang(e) 字尾-ing...的

  • Formulate-to establish; to set up; to institute 使公式化; 用公式表示 制定

  • thermodynamics-熱電學

  • entropy-熵(熱力學函數)

  • disorder-disorder; chaos; anarchy; disarray 混亂, 無秩序

    字首-dis不,相反 字根-ord條理,次序 字尾-er行為,狀態

  • according-相符的; 和諧的; 相應的

    字首-ac向,靠近 字根-cord心 字尾-ing有...性質


Third paragraph words of phrases 1

Third paragraph-words of phrases(1)

  • gravity-gravity;gravitation;weight重力;引力;地心吸力

  • attract-to attract;tofascinate;to arrest; to engage 吸; 吸引

    字首-at向,對 字根-tract拉,拖

  • collapse-to collapse;to topple down;to fall in 倒塌

    字首-col一起 字根-laps跌落 字尾-e(v)

  • motionless-不動的;靜止的

    字根-mot運動 字尾-ion行為 less無,不

  • unavoidable-ineluctable;inescapable不可避免的

    字首-un不 字根-a使處於...狀態 void空 字尾-able 可...的

  • increase-to strengthen; to reinforce; to heighten; to enhance ;to raise; to add 增大; 增加; 增強

    字首-in加強 字根-creas生長 字尾-e(v,n)


Main ideas of the third paragraph

Main ideas of the third paragraph

  • The German physicist formulated the second law of thermodynamics

  • The universe must be changing in some ways for its entropy keeps increasing.


Fourth paragraph words and phrases

Fourth Paragraph--words and phrases

  • observe-to notice; to note; to be aware of 看到, 注意到

    字首-ob在上 字根-serv守護 字尾-e(v)

  • increase-to strengthen; to reinforce; to heighten; to enhance ;to raise; to add 增大; 增加; 增強

    字首-in加強 字根-crease生長 字尾-ed...的

  • identify-to find 發現

  • celestial-天的, 天空的

  • shift-to shift; to transfer; to divert; to change 轉移; 移動


Main ideas of the fourth paragraph

Main ideas of the Fourth paragraph

  • US astronomer, Edwin Hubble identified the wavelengths and colors of the stars’ light changed.

  • This observation led to the assumption that the universe was expanding.


Fifth paragraph words and phrases

Fifth Paragraph-words and phrases

  • observation-to observe an observation 觀察; 觀測; 觀察力 觀察(或觀測)資料(或報告)

    字首-ob在上 字根-serv守護 字尾-ation行為,結果

  • assumption-a hypothesis; an assumption 假定, 設想[U][C][+(that)]

  • expansion-to stretch; to extend; to spread; to expand; to aggrandize 擴展; 擴張

  • refer-認為...起源(於)[(+to)]

    字首-re回 字根-fer攜帶

  • according-相符的; 和諧的; 相應的

    字首-ac向,靠近 字根-cord心 字尾-ing有...性質

  • prior-forward 在前; 居先[(+to)]

  • calculated-計算而得的

    字首-dis分離 字根-(s)ta站立 字尾-(a)nce程度,狀態


Fifth paragraph words and phrases 1

Fifth Paragraph-words and phrases(1)

  • distance-distant 遠處[the S]; 遠的 遙遠

    字首-calc石 字根-ul小 字尾-at(e)使成為

  • velocity-fast; quick; high-speed; speedy 迅速; 快速[U]

  • experimental-實驗性的; 試驗性的

  • uncertainty-uncertain; uncertainty 不確定; 不確信; 易變; 不可靠[U]

  • definite-明確的, 確切的

    字首-de加強 字根-fin界限 字尾-ite具有...性質的


Ain ideas of the fifth paragraph

Main ideas of the Fifth paragraph

  • Hubble’s observation confirmed the Big band theory.

  • The Big Band theory makes us understand the age of the universe can be calculated form the distance, and it is between ten to twenty billion years old.


Sixth paragraph words and phrases

Sixth Paragraph-words and phrases

  • prediction-to predict; to foretell; to presage 預言; 預報[C][U]

    字首-pre先,前 字根-dict說 字尾-ion行為,結果

  • extremely- exceedingly; very; highly; dreadfully 極端地; 極其; 非常

  • dense-密集的, 稠密的

    字根-dens稠密 字尾-e(adj)

  • initial-開始的, 最初的

    字首-in入 字根-it走 字尾-ial具有...特性的

  • observable-看得見的; 顯著的

    字首-ob在上 字根-serv守護 字尾-able可...的

  • cosmic-universal 宇宙的

    字根-cosm秩序,宇宙 字尾-ic有...特性的

  • radiation-輻射

    字根-radi放光,射線 字尾-ation行為,結果


Sixth paragraph words and phrases 1

Sixth Paragraph-words and phrases(1)

  • imply-必然包含

  • technology-technique 技術

    字根-techn技巧 字尾-ology學科

  • detailed- 詳細的; 精細的

  • confirm-to verify; to confirm; to prove; to testify; to corroborate; to establish; to validate 證實 證明 確定的

    字首-con全 字根-firm堅固,確認


Ain ideas of the sixth paragraph

Main ideas of the Sixth paragraph

  • The early universe must have been extremely hot and dense and it would cool down as the universe expanded.

  • Robert Wilson and Arno Penzias discovered a technology to make scientists to take very detailed measurements of cosmic radiation.


Seventh paragraph words and phrases

Seventh Paragraph-words and phrases

  • result- an outcome; an effect 結果; 成果

  • relates-to narrate; to recount; to relate 敘述

    字首-re回 字根-lat攜帶 字尾-e(v)

  • expanding-to stretch; to extend; to spread; to expand; to aggrandize 擴張 擴展

  • surface-a surface; a face; the outside; the appearance; the exterior 面, 表面 外觀

    字首-sur上 字根-fac面 字尾-e(n,adj,v)

  • inflates-to expand; to inflate; to swell; to bulge; to bulk up; to puff up/out; to dilate 膨脹; 擴大 增大

    字首-in向內 字根-flat吹 字尾-e(v)

  • stretch-spread; to extend; to stretch 伸展


Ain ideas of the seventh paragraph

Main ideas of the Seventhparagraph

  • The universe is expanding but the galaxies are not moving; it’s much like the balloon inflates only the material stretches out


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