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Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner?. Food Movement Vocabulary Essential Question: How does energy move through a system?. Vocabulary Mapping. Sentence. Colored Picture. The sequence of who eats whom in a biological community.

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Guess Who’s

Coming to Dinner?

Food Movement Vocabulary

Essential Question:

How does energy move through a system?


Vocabulary mapping
Vocabulary Mapping

Sentence

Colored

Picture


The sequence of who eats whom in a biological community.

A food chain shows how animals are connected in their search for food within an ecosystem.

A _____________shows how each living organism gets its food.


Food Chain

One path of energy.

Examples:

Non-examples:

Human

Frog

Cat

Ladybug

Food Web

Sitting down to eat dinner

A food chain shows how each living thing gets food, and how nutrients and energy are passed from creature to creature.

Food chains begin with plant-life, and end with animal-life. Some animals eat plants, some animals eat other animals.


Vocabulary mapping1
Vocabulary Mapping

Sentence

Colored

Picture


Food Web

The network of all the interrelated food chains in a biological community.

A _______________shows how the sun’s

energy moves from plants to animals

to other animals and ends with decomposers.


Food Web

Everything is connected.

Examples:

Non-examples:

Grass—grasshopper—rat—snake—hawk

Algae—mosquito larva—dragonfly larva—fish—raccoon

Phytoplankton—zooplankton—fish—seal—white shark

  • grassland

  • marine

  • desert

  • Tropical rainforest

  • arctic

  • aquatic


Two page vocabulary map top
Two page Vocabulary Map TOP

Definition

-trop:

Colored

Picture


Two page vocabulary map bottom
Two page Vocabulary Map bottom

Sentence

Colored

Picture


Autotroph

auto- “self”;

-troph“an organism with nutritional requirements”

An Autotroph is an organism that makes its food from light or chemical energy without eating it;

also called primary producers.

An ______________ is a living thing that makes its own food from sunlight, air, and soil. Green plants are producers who make food in their leaves.


Autotroph
Autotroph

Examples:

plants on land

algae in water

bacteria

Non-examples:

animals

fungi


Heterotroph

An organism that gets its energy by eating other organisms.

hetero- “different”; “other”

-troph“an organism with nutritional requirements”

Heterotrophs are unable to make their own food; they are the consumer in the food chain. They must take food from other sources to survive.

All animals are called consumers; they need to consume (eat) plants and/or animals; they are also known as _______________.


Heterotroph
Heterotroph

Examples:

  • Herbivore: a green sea turtle eats sea grasses and algae

  • Carnivore: a tiger eats a monkey

  • Omnivore: a human eats steak and vegetables

Non-examples:

Plants that use photosynthesis such as: algae and phytoplankton

Venus-fly trap

bacteria


Herbivore

herb- plant

-vore: eater

An organism that eats plants.


A deer eats grass and plants found in its habitat. Since the deer eats only plants, it is a __________.

  • Non examples:

  • Meat eaters such as: tigers, sharks, bears, and hawks.

  • Autotrophs-make their own food; plants, algae, and bacteria.

Herbivores are animals which only eat plant material. This means leaves, flowers, fruits or even wood.

Sheep, horses, rabbits and snails are well known examples of herbivores which eat grass and leaves.


Carnivore the deer eats only plants,

carn-flesh or

meat

-vore: eater

An organism that eats meat.


A leopard seal eats fish and penguins. It never eats plants. Since the leopard seal eats only meat, it is a _______________.

  • Non-examples:

  • Veggie eaters such as: rabbits, hamsters, mice and deer. They only eat leaves, flowers, fruits, and wood and do not eat any other animals.

  • Autotrophs—make their own food; plants, algae, and bacteria.

Examples:

Carnivores generally eat herbivores and other carnivores.

Bobcats, wolves, hawks, snakes, frogs and spiders.


Omnivore plants. Since the leopard seal eats only meat, it is a _______________.

omni- all or everything

-vore: eater

An organism that eats both plants and meat.


A raccoon eats other animals like crayfish, as well as plant life. Since the raccoon eats both plants and animals it is an ______________.

Examples:

Omnivores eat both plants and meat.

Chickens are omnivores. They eat seeds, but they can also eat worms.

Human beings are also omnivores, although some people choose not to eat meat. These people are called vegetarians.

Non-examples:

Herbivore: (plant eater) mice, hamster, and horse

Carnivore: (meat eater) coyote, owl, and frog

Autotroph:(makes it’s own food) plants, algae, and bacteria


Primary life. Since the raccoon eats both plants and animals it is an

Consumer

A meat-eater that eats autotrophs.

An example of a ________________

is a rabbit that eats grass.


Secondary life. Since the raccoon eats both plants and animals it is an

Consumer

A meat-eater that eats primary consumers

An example of a _____________________

is a snake that eats rabbits.


Tertiary life. Since the raccoon eats both plants and animals it is an

Consumer

A meat-eater that eats secondary consumers.

An example of a _______________ is an owl that eats snakes.


Quaternary life. Since the raccoon eats both plants and animals it is an

Consumer

A meat-eater that eats tertiary consumers

An example of a _______________ is a wolf that eats an owl.


Decomposer life. Since the raccoon eats both plants and animals it is an

An organism that breaks down dead organisms.

A _________________ is a living thing that gets energy by breaking down dead plants and animals. Fungi and bacteria are the most common decomposers.


Non-examples: life. Since the raccoon eats both plants and animals it is an

  • Herbivore: (plant eater) rabbit, deer, and cow

  • Carnivore: (meat eater) human, seal, and alligator

  • Omnivore: (both plants and meat eater) bear, raccoon, and monkey

  • Autotroph: (makes it’s own food) plants, algae, and bacteria

Examples:

Decomposers and scavengers break down dead plants and animals. They also break down the waste (poop) of other organisms.

Scavengers are animals that find dead animals or plants and eat them. While they eat them, they break them into small bits.

Flies, wasps and cockroaches are scavengers. Earthworms are also scavengers, but they only break down plants.


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