oddities subscripts punctuation enclitics and proclitics
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Oddities – Subscripts, Punctuation, Enclitics and Proclitics. Iota Subscript. Iota + a, h, or w when not used as proper diphthongs requires the use of iota subscripts The iota subscript is a small mark placed under the vowel It can be pronounced as the long form of the vowel or as follows:

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iota subscript
Iota Subscript
  • Iota + a, h, or w when not used as proper diphthongs requires the use of iota subscripts
  • The iota subscript is a small mark placed under the vowel
  • It can be pronounced as the long form of the vowel or as follows:
    • ´ = ah gliding into ee
    • Í = eh gliding into ee
    • ù = aw gliding into ee
punctuation
Punctuation
  • Greeks used little spacing or punctuation
  • In the late period, four marks were developed:
    • Comma (exactly as in English)
    • Period (exactly as in English)
    • Colon (dot placed high on the line)
    • Question mark (looks like an English semi-colon)
proclitics
Proclitics
  • Proclitics are one-syllable words that lack their own accent and so they attach themselves to the following word
  • Examples:
    • oÙ (not)
    • e„ (if)
    • æj (as)
    • nominative singular and plural forms of the definite article (  oƒ aƒ )
enclitics
Enclitics
  • Enclitics lack their own accent, but they attach themselves to the previous word
  • The most important of the enclitics to learn is the present indicative forms of the verb “to be”
  • Enclitics can affect the accent of the previous word
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