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Teaching vs. Facilitating. An Onion Task. Adapted from Filomena Cassis. An Onion Task (4 minutes). Draw a layered onion. On one half of the onion list things that were of great importance to you when you started to teach.

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Teaching vs. Facilitating

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Teaching vs facilitating l.jpg

Teaching vs. Facilitating

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]


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An Onion Task

Adapted from Filomena Cassis

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]


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An Onion Task(4 minutes)

  • Draw a layered onion.

  • On one half of the onion list things that were of great importance to you when you started to teach.

  • Work from the centre to the outer layers of the onion in order of importance.

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]


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An Onion Taskcont.(4 minutes)

  • Do the same on the other half of the onion but now from your present perspective.

  • Work from the centre to the outer layers of the onion in order of importance.

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]


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Group work(5 minutes)

  • Discuss with the colleagues in your group the purpose of the task and what you learned from it.

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]


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A task to think over(6 minutes)

  • Form groups of 4-5.

  • Discuss if there are any differences between TEACHING and FACILITATING. Write the conclusions.

  • REPORT YOUR CONCLUSIONS TO THE WHOLE GROUP

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]


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What is facilitation?

  • = bringing out and focusing the wisdom of the group, often as the group creates something new or solves a problem.

    Hogan (2002)

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]


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Teaching vs. Facilitating

  • A process whereby a teacher leads a group of students in acquiring new skills, knowledge, or understanding.

  • Helping/making it easy for students to learn together in a group, or to achieve something together as a group.

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]


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Teaching vs. Facilitating

  • Most subject area teaching involves telling and teaching the students. Measurable outcome at the end.

  • Involves helping the students to discover by themselves.

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]


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Mercè Bernaus [email protected]


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Students’ authonomy & Knowledge building

30 + years in the profession

Students self-assessment, co-evaluation

10-15 years of teaching

Teacher centered, following textbook

5 first years of teaching

Creating materials, publishing articles

15-20 years in the profession

Main worrie: classroom management

2 first years of teaching

Teacher training courses. Research

20-25 years in the profession

Cooperative learning. Using ICT

25 -30 years in the profession

Role plays, theater, projects

5-10 years of teaching

Moving from teaching to facilitating

From teaching to facilitating timeline

Adapted from Hulda Danielsdóttir

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]


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Moving from teaching to facilitating Timeline(6 minutes)

  • Draw your own Teaching to Facilitating Timeline.

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]


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Pair work - Group work(15 minutes)

  • Share the work you did with a colleague, and reflect upon your moving from teaching to facilitating.

  • Discuss with your group.

  • Report to the whole group.

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]


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Teacher’s Effective Ways to Facilitate(15 minutes)

  • In groups of 4 give suggestions that can help teachers to facilitate.

  • Report to the whole group.

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]


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Teacher’s Effective Ways to Facilitate (feedback)

  • Problem of getting wider understanding (read teachers, parents, etc.) that facilitating is learning, despite apparent noise + mess

  • Motivation for teachers: eg. Need to make daily life enjoyable + rewarding experience for kids and teacher through project based approaches.

  • Catching up with students knowledge

  • Preventing tendency of thinking you are an expert (do not be afraid to say I do not know)

  • If you want to learn something new, teach it.

  • Find interesting material.

  • Be a good listener.

  • Do not be afraid to delegate and empower.

  • Be aware of needs, understand need

  • Determine right questions.

  • Be creative – not stick to strict curriculum.

  • Ongoing professional training specially improving self + seminars.

  • Reflect and evaluate your performance.

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]


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Teacher’s Effective Ways to Facilitate (feedback)

  • Be flexible.

  • Be creative and up to date.

  • Use different techniques.

  • Show students you love them.

  • Do not repeat the same things year after year (for example, after 20 years of teaching you teach in the same way as your 1st year of teaching).

  • Do not allow your students to drink from a bottle, let them go to the river.

  • Offer skills that lead to learning.

  • Surprise your students.

  • Do not focus on yourself.

  • Respect each one of your students. Each one is different and special.

  • Do not make fun of your students.

  • Listen actively and comprehensively to your students.

  • During the transitional period from a teacher to a facilitator, you need to be aware of your techniques so as not to go backward into being a teacher.

Mercè Bernaus [email protected]


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