Formalizing a cerif semantics to connect criss and irs
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Formalizing a CERIF Semantics to connect CRISs and IRs. Brigitte Jörg, M.A. (Information Science) Language Technology Lab, German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI) Berlin, Germany. Introduction of Speaker. Brigitte Jörg M.A. Information Science

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Formalizing a CERIF Semantics to connect CRISs and IRs

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Formalizing a cerif semantics to connect criss and irs

Formalizing a CERIF Semantics to connectCRISs and IRs

Brigitte Jörg, M.A. (Information Science)

Language Technology Lab,

German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI)

Berlin, Germany


Introduction of speaker

Introduction of Speaker

Brigitte Jörg

M.A. Information Science

Information Systems, Business Administration

  • Researcher, Project Manager

    DFKI GmbH, Language Technology Lab,

    Berlin

  • CERIF TG Leader, Board Member

    euriCRIS

  • Contact:

    brigitte.joerg @ dfki.de

    http://www.dfki.de/~brigitte/


Outline

Outline

  • CERIF – Common European Research Information Format

  • CERIF Entities Types and Features

    • CORE Entities

    • Result Entities

    • 2nd Level Entities

    • Link Entities

    • Semantic Layer

    • (Multilinguality)

  • Formalizing a CERIF Semantics to connect CRISs with IRs

  • Discussion


Cerif

Funding

Programme

Organisation

Organisation

Person

Person

Project

Project

Service

Skills

Publication

Equipment

CV

Patent

Classification

Classification

Product

(

(

)

)

Semantics

Semantics

Event

CERIF

CommonEuropeanResearchInformationFormat


What is cerif

What is CERIF ?

Common European Research Information Format

  • A Concept about Research Entities and their RelationshipsSpecification (Conceptual Level)

  • An abstract formal description of the concept about entities and their relationships Model (Logical Level)

  • A formal machine readable description of the conceptDatabase Scripts (Physical Level)

SQL Script

-----------------------

CREATE Table Person

CREATE Table Project

CREATE Table OrgUnit

Organisation of Data / Information accordingly !!


What is cerif1

What is CERIF ?

Common European Research Information Format

  • data model (conceptual, logical, physical)

  • allows for a (metadata) representation of

    • research entities

    • their activities / interconnections (research)

    • their output (results)

  • allows for high flexibility with formal semantic relationships

    enables quality maintenance, archiving, access and interchange of research information

    supports knowledge transfer to decision makers, for research evaluation, research managers, strategists, researchers, editors, the general public


What is cerif2

What is CERIF ?

CommonEuropeanResearchInformation Format

  • CERIF is an EU Recommendation to Member States http://cordis.europa.eu/cerif/

  • The European Commission (EC) has authorised euroCRIS to maintain and develop CERIF and its usagehttp://www.eurocris.org/cerif/cerif-releases/


The cerif evolution

The CERIF Evolution

CERIF 2006 / 2008 Model

Similar Ideas

UN/UNESCO

OECD

CODATA

CORE

Link

Semantics

Language

2ndLevel

EU

Working Group

on Research

Databases

Workshop

CERIF 2000 Model

Roles

EXPERTISE

OrgUnit

PERSON

CERIF 91

PROJECT

RESULTS

EQUIPMENT

PROJECT

CLASSIFICATION

Acronym: ERGO

Participant:

Keith Jeffery, Anne Asser

son, many more

Organisations:

Rutherford Appleton, Uni-

versity of Bergen, …

  • - Data Model (RDBMS, OO, IR)

  • Model Normalization

  • - Robust Structure

  • - Extensible Structure

  • - Consistent Structure

  • - Semantic Layer

  • XML Exchange Specification- Elaboration on Publication

  • (Core) CERIF Semantics

  • - Data Model (RDBMS, OO, IR)

  • - Multilinguality

  • Controlled Vocabulary

  • Roles / Types

  • User-driven

  • EC Recommendation to Member States

  • - Networking of DBs

  • Exchange of Records

  • Recommendation to Member States

1987

1991

2000

2006

2008


Outline1

Outline

  • CERIF – Common European Research Information Format

  • CERIF Entities Types and Features

    • CORE Entities

    • Result Entities

    • 2nd Level Entities

    • Link Entities

    • Semantic Layer

    • (Multilinguality)

  • Formalizing a CERIF Semantics to connect CRISs with IRs

  • Discussion


Concept of the cerif model structure

Concept of the CERIF Model - Structure

CERIF Entity Types

  • Core Entities

  • Result Entities

  • 2nd Level Entities

  • Link Entities

    CERIF Features

  • Multiple Language

  • Semantics


Core cerif entities

Core CERIF Entities


Core cerif entities in detail

Person

ID

URI

Sex

FirstNames

OtherNames

FamilyNames

NameVariants

ResearchInterest

Keywords

Project

ID

URI

Acronym

StartDate

EndDate

Title

Abstract

Keywords

OrganisationUnit

ID

URI

Acronym

Name

HeadCount

CurrencyCode

Turnover

ResearchActivity

Keywords

Core CERIF Entities in Detail


Cerif result entities

CERIF Result Entities


Cerif result entities in detail

ResultPublication

ID

URI

Title

Subtitle

Abstract

Bibl. Note

PublicationDate

TotalPages

StartPage

EndPage

Keywords

ResultPatent

ID

URI

PatentNumber

Title

CountryCode

RegistrationDate

ApprovalDate

Description

Keywords

ResultProduct

ID

URI

InternationalID

CERIF Result Entities in Detail


Cerif core result and 2nd level entities

CERIF Core, Result and 2nd Level Entities

Call

Facility

Grant

Equipment

FundingProgramme

ExpertiseAndSkills

Service

Qualification

ElectronicAddresse

Prize

PostalAddress

CV

Country

Citation

Currency

Metrics

Event

Language


Some cerif 2nd level entities in detail

FundingProgramme

ID

URI

Name

CurrencyCode

Budget

StartDate

EndDate

Description

Keywords

ResultPatent

ID

URI

PatentNumber

Title

CountryCode

RegistrationDate

ApprovalDate

Description

Keywords

Event

ID

URI

Name

FeeOrFree

StartDate

EndDate

CityTown

CountryCode

Description

Keywords

Some CERIF 2nd Level Entities in Detail

Call

Facility

Grant

Equipment

Facility

ID

URI

Name

Description

Keywords

FundingProgramme

ExpertiseAndSkills

Service

Qualification

ElectronicAddresse

Prize

PostalAddress

CV

Country

Citation

Service

ID

URI

Name

Description

Keywords

Currency

Metrics

Event

Language


Some cerif link entities

Some CERIF Link Entities


Some cerif semantic features

role=author1 institute

role=author

role=deliverable1.2

role=CEO

role=funder

role=coordinator

Some CERIF Semantic Features

Semantic Features are associated with Link Entities


More cerif semantic features

role=author1-institute

role=editor

role=... ?

role=author

role=author1

role=reviewer

role=... ?

role=deliverable1.2

role=journal article

role=public report

role=CEO

role=researcher

role=project-manager

role=funder

role=investigator

role=member

role=coordinator

role=manager

More CERIF Semantic Features

Semantic Features are associated with Link Entities


Associated formal semantic features in more detail

Associated Formal Semantic Features in more Detail

OrganisationUnit_Result Publication

OrgID

PublID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

CERIF Model

Person_ResultPublication

PersID

PublID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

Fraction;StartDate;EndDate

role=author

role=author1 institute

Project_ResultPublicationPersID

PublID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

Fraction;StartDate;EndDate

Project_FundingProgramme

ProjID

FundProgID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

role=originator

role=co-funder

Project_Person

ProjID

PerslID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

Person_OrganisationUnit

PersID

OrgID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

Project_Organisation

ProjID

OrgID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

role=coordinator

role=affiliation

role=investigatedBy

Semantic Features are associated with Link Entities


Associated formal semantic features in more detail1

Associated Formal Semantic Features in more Detail

OrganisationUnit_Result Publication

OrgID

PublID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

CERIF Model

Person_ResultPublication

PersID

PublID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

Fraction;StartDate;EndDate

role=author

role=author1 institute

Project_ResultPublicationPersID

PublID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

Fraction;StartDate;EndDate

Project_FundingProgramme

ProjID

FundProgID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

role=originator

role=co-funder

  • Formalized

  • according to

  • the CERIF model and

  • its interrelated Entities

Project_Person

ProjID

PerslID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

Person_OrganisationUnit

PersID

OrgID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

Project_Organisation

ProjID

OrgID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

role=coordinator

role=affiliation

role=investigatedBy


Associated formal semantic features in more detail2

Associated Formal Semantic Features in more Detail

OrganisationUnit_Result Publication

OrgID

PublID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

CERIF Model

Person_ResultPublication

PersID

PublID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

Fraction;StartDate;EndDate

role=author

role=author1 institute

Project_ResultPublicationPersID

PublID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

Fraction;StartDate;EndDate

Project_FundingProgramme

ProjID

FundProgID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

role=originator

role=co-funder

maintained

within the

CERIF SEMANTIC LAYER

Project_Person

ProjID

PerslID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

Person_OrganisationUnit

PersID

OrgID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

Project_Organisation

ProjID

OrgID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

role=coordinator

role=affiliation

role=investigatedBy


Cerif link entities

CERIF LINK Entities

OrganisationUnit_Result Publication

OrgID

PublID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

role=author1 institute

Person_ResultPublication

PersID

PublID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

Fraction;StartDate;EndDate

role=author

Project_FundingProgramme

ProjID

FundProgID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

Project_ResultPublicationPersID

PublID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

Fraction;StartDate;EndDate

role=co-funder

role=originator

Project_Organisation

ProjID

OrgID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

Person_OrganisationUnit

PersID

OrgID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

Project_Person

ProjID

PerslID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

role=coordinator

role=investigatedBy

role=affiliation


A cerif link entity

A CERIF LINK Entity

OrganisationUnit_Result Publication

OrgID

PublID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

Physically, CERIF link entities

are reified objects

role=author1 institute

Person_ResultPublication

PersID

PublID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

Fraction;StartDate;EndDate

role=author

Project_FundingProgramme

ProjID

FundProgID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

Project_ResultPublicationPersID

PublID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

Fraction;StartDate;EndDate

role=co-funder

Formal Semantics maintained

within the

CERIF SEMANTIC LAYER

according to the CERIF model

role=originator

Project_Organisation

ProjID

OrgID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

Person_OrganisationUnit

PersID

OrgID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

Project_Person

ProjID

PerslID

ClassificationID

ClassificationSchemeID

StartDate; EndDate

role=coordinator

role=investigatedBy

role=affiliation


Cerif semantic layer

ClassificationScheme

ClassSchemeID (Taxonomy)

URI (http://www.taxonomy.org/)

Description [language=EN]

Classification

ClassID (isA)

ClassSchemeID (Taxonomy)

StartDate, EndDate

URI

Term [language=EN]

Description [language=EN]

Classification_Classification

ClassID1 (Ontology)

ClassID2 (SemanticWeb)

ClassSchemeID1 (WebTechnologies)

ClassSchemeID2 (WebTechnologies)

ClassId (isA)

ClassSchemeID (Taxonomy)

Fraction (0.3)

StartDate, EndDate

CERIF Semantic Layer

ClassScheme_ClassScheme

ClassSchemeID1 (LT World)

ClassSchemeID2 (CLARIN)

ClassID (mapsWith)

ClassSchemeID (LT-World Mappings)

Fraction (0.3)

StartDate, EndDate


Cerif semantic layer1

CERIF Semantic Layer

  • Allows to capture any Schema or Structure

    • Flat Lists

    • Taxonomies

    • Ontologies

  • Open / Extensible in all directions

    • New Schemas

    • New Concepts / Terms

    • New Relationships

  • Enables to manage

    • Roles / Types Semantics

    • Subject Headings

    • Archiving (Time component)

  • Allows for simple Mappings between Schemas (Interchange)

  • Allows for an efficient (independent) Maintenance


Example cerif module carrying semantics

Example CERIF Module carrying Semantics

Facility

Equipment

Funding

ExpertiseAndSkills

Service

ResultPublication

Qualification

ElectronicAddresse

Prize

PostalAddress

Time-based Schema

CV

Role X

Role Y

Country

Project

Funding Programme

Role Z

Citation

Currency

Metrics

Event

Language

Formalized Semantics


Some cerif modules carrying semantics

Some CERIF Modules carrying Semantics

Facility

Equipment

ResultPublication

Funding

ExpertiseAndSkills

OrganisationUnit

Service

Qualification

ElectronicAddresse

Project

Prize

PostalAddress

CV

Country

Citation

Funding

Currency

Metrics

Event

Language

SCHEMA 1

SCHEMA 2

Role X

SCHEMA 3

Role Y

Role A

Role Z

Role A

Role C

Role B

Role C

Role B

Formalized Semantics

Semantic Layer


Outline2

Outline

  • CERIF – Common European Research Information Format

  • CERIF Entities Types and Features

    • CORE Entities

    • Result Entities

    • 2nd Level Entities

    • Link Entities

    • Semantic Layer

    • (Multilinguality)

  • Formalizing a CERIF Semantics to connect CRISs with IRs

  • Discussion


Formalizing a cerif semantics

Formalizing a CERIF Semantics

  • Person-ResultPublication Roles

    • Author

    • Numbered Author

    • Percentage Author

    • Editor

    • Reviewer

    • Translator

    • Publisher

  • OrgUnit-ResultPublication Roles

    • Claims IPR

    • Publisher


Towards a cerif core semantics

Towards a CERIF CORE Semantics


Outline3

Outline

  • CERIF – Common European Research Information Format

  • CERIF Entities Types and Features

    • CORE Entities

    • Result Entities

    • 2nd Level Entities

    • Link Entities

    • Semantic Layer

    • (Multilinguality)

  • Formalizing a CERIF Semantics to connect CRISs with IRs

  • Discussion


Discussion

Discussion

  • Which entities define the range of the repository (IR) world ?

    • Person

    • Project

    • Organisation

    • Publication

  • Are additional CERIF entities required in the repository world ?

    • Teaching ?

    • Software, Resources, Media?

  • Are additional CERIF attributes required?

    • firstname, nickname, … ?

  • What are essential relationships in the repository World?

    • Author, Editor, Reviewer, Metrics ?


Notes

Notes


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