White Haven Heart Health Project. Bonnie Gregory RN, BSN Bloomsburg University. Heart Disease as Primary Concern. Objective Data at County vs. State Level: ⌘ Heart Disease is the #1 Cause of Death and is on the rise ⌘ Rates for Pennsylvania rose from 135.8 in 1997 to 237.6 in 2005
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Bonnie Gregory RN, BSN
Objective Data at County vs. State Level:
⌘Heart Disease is the #1 Cause of Death and is on the rise
⌘Rates for Pennsylvania rose from 135.8 in 1997 to 237.6 in 2005
⌘Rates are significantly higher in Luzerne County, they rose from 173.3 in 1997 to 284 in 2005
(see next slide for chart of above information)
*Per 100,000 People
What are Members of the Community Saying?
The Stanford 5-City Project (S 5-C Project) over was a low-cost, comprehensive program in California that resulted in about 26 hours of exposure to multichannel education. Risk factors were assessed in representative cohort and cross-sectional surveys at baseline and in three later surveys. After 30 to 64 months of education, significant reductions in plasma cholesterol level (2%), blood pressure (4%), and smoking rate (13%). These risk factor changes resulted in decreases in mortality risk scores (15%) and coronary heart disease risk scores (16%) for persons aged 25-74 based on Framingham Risk Factors.
Researchers employed a multi-faceted approach during the North Karelia Project (NK Project) in Finland and found that men and women aged 29-59 had a 17% heart disease risk reduction for men and 13% for women in the first 5 years. At 10 years they found a 28% reduction in smoking, a 3% reduction in mean serum cholesterol concentration, and a 3% fall in mean systolic blood pressure. *This study is a great example of cultural diet modification because the community believed meat and fatty foods are good for hard working individuals and growing children.
According to the International Tobacco Control Four Country Survey (ITC4C) cigarette packages with graphic images such as diseased lungs and mouths were more effective in promoting smoking-related knowledge and smoking cessation when compared to packages with text warnings alone for all individuals aged 18 and older.
Luzerne County reported ancestry as follows: Polish 20%, German 14%, and Irish 14%.
White Haven reported ancestry: German at 23.8%, Irish at 19.8% and Polish at 15.2%(>10% more of these cultural influences at local level).
German and Irish cuisine has often been labeled as stodgy and fatty. Polish cuisine is similar in that it is rich in meat and it consists of a lot of cream and eggs.
Making a Community Garden downtown on a lot left empty by fire years ago to increase fresh produce and create a “sense of community togetherness”
“Parties for a Long Life”-like Tupperware Parties where women get together and are shown how to cook new healthy recipes that are budget friendly
Information in local grocery store showing healthier choices with lower trans-fat and taste testing
Cooking Classes and Healthy Cooking Competitions
Collaboration with local restaurants by community leaders to add healthier items to menu
(All of above adapted from NK Project except Community Garden)
✓Levels lowered through diet modification methods mentioned previously
✓Strength of Community: Luzerne had 4% higher cholesterol awareness compared to state levels so that individuals may be more responsive to screenings
3 Blood Pressure Screenings done along
with Cholesterol Checks with follow up by nurse
3Providing information on low salt diets at supermarket and cooking classes
3Establishing a community weight loss competition with prizes for the “biggest losers”
3 Use of local media (new station, paper, and flyers) to promote overall program, screenings, classes, and weight loss competition
Use of tobacco will be assessed at baseline and post program via surveys
Information on smoking cessation distributed throughout community
Smoking support groups will be utilized in community
Signs outside of buildings, including local hang-outs and bars using graphic images of diseased lungs and mouths, encouraging people not to smoke
✜Teaming up with Luzerne County’s Steps Program
who partnered with a local television station to create public service announcements and other programming that shows people how small changes in nutrition and physical activity can help prevent many chronic conditions
✜Utilizing individuals that currently volunteer at a local church to help organize and participate in screenings and education as appropriate
✜83% of Luzerne County reported ever having their blood cholesterol checked as compared to only 79% for Pennsylvania according to the 2005 PA Health Risk Behaviors, which may be evidence for increased likelihood of community “buy in”
80% of target population screened for BP and cholesterol by 6 months
2-4% decrease in serum cholesterol levels after
2-5% decrease in BP after 1 year
10% decrease in tobacco use after 1 year
5% decrease in risk for heart disease in 2 years based on Framingham Measures
Farquhar, J. W., Fortmann, S., Flora, J., Taylor, C., Haskell, W., Williams, P., . . . Wood, P. (1990). Effects of Community Wide Education on Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors: Stanford 5-city project. Journal of American Medicine, 264, 359-365.
McAlester, A., Puska, P., Salonen, J., Tuomilehto, J., & Koskela, K. (1982). Theory and action for health promotion: Illustrations from the North Karelia project. American Journal of Public Health, 72, 43-50.
Thompson, M. E., Fong, G. T., Hammond, D., Bordreau, C., Driezen, P., Hyland, A., . . . Lauz, F. L. (2006). Methods of the international tobacco control (ITC) four country survey. Tobacco Control, 15, 12-18. Retrieved from tobaccocontrol.bmj.com