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September 12, 2008. DO-NOW Based on your earlier HW assignment, list the key players and the events you remember from the Span-Am War. Define (in-depth): Imperialism OBJECTIVES To be able to answer: What were the main events in the Spanish American War?

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September 12 2008
September 12, 2008

  • DO-NOWBased on your earlier HW assignment, list the key players and the events you remember from the Span-Am War. Define (in-depth):Imperialism

  • OBJECTIVESTo be able to answer: What were the main events in the Spanish American War?

  • How does this war reflect the sense of imperialism

  • AGENDAHomework checkShare our examples of Y.J.Notes on Span-Am War“Exit Slips”

  • DO-LATEROn a ½ sheet of paper, provide 2 questions, concerns, needs to clarify, praises, etc. regarding this week of class. Questions and comments will be addressed on Monday

Introduction to spanish american war

Introduction to Spanish-American War

“A Splendid Little War” John Hay, Secretary of State, 1898


  • Who?

  • Spain vs. America

  • Where?

  • Phillipines, Cuba (Spain’s Colonies)

Background identify the locations
Background: Identify the locations




The Philippines


  • Help give freedom to Spain’s colonies!Was this the US’s sole reason for becoming involved?

Spain s re concentration policy
Spain’s Re-concentration Policy


  • Spain was fighting a guerilla war and needed to separate “good” (in favor of Spanish rule) from “bad” (associated with rebellion) guys

  • Cuban civilians were forced into government run concentration camps by Spanish instated governor, Valeriano “Butcher” Weyler


How did it lead to war?

  • Atrocities are published in US newspapers, using “Yellow Journalism” to compete for sales.

General weyler the butcher
General Weyler “The Butcher”

  • In 1896, the Spanish sent "The Butcher," to Cuba

  • To prevent the insurrectos

    • Weyler built concentration camps in which he imprisoned a large portion of the population

  • Under the harsh and unsanitary conditions in the concentration camps,

    • Cuban prisoners died rapidly, especially from disease

American economic interests
American Economic Interests


  • Protecting their economic interests

  • Many of Cuba’s sugar plantations were owned by Americans


How did it lead to war?

  • Made Americans more likely to help out Cuba

Yellow journalists
“Yellow Journalists”


  • Make more $ if they keep you scared and interested

  • Newspaper created highly biased, exaggerated stories


How did it lead to war?

  • Made Americans want war! The masses pressured the leaders for war. Everyone a hawk.


  • Define Yellow Journalism.

  • What role did it play in the Spanish American War?

Sinking of the maine in havana harbor
Sinking of the Maine in Havana Harbor


  • USS Maine explodes in Havana Harbor

  • Most Americans believe it was Spain’s fault

  • 1976 US Navy analyzed the sunken ship, decided that the hull blew OUT not IN

How did it lead to war?

  • Spark that started the war

    • You could say “9/11” effect

  • “Remember the Maine! To hell with Spain!”

  • Thinking slide
    Thinking Slide:

    Which of these do you think was most responsible for the nation going to war?

    Analysis headline of the maine explosion
    Analysis: Headline of the Maine Explosion

    • “Maine Explosion Caused by Bomb or Torpedo?”2/17/1898 New York World

    William mckinley jr 1843 1901
    William McKinley, Jr. (1843-1901)

    • 25th President

    • Wanted to avoid war in CubaLike his predecessor, Grover Cleveland

    • Yellow journalism and public supported war

    • (Maine explosion Fed, 1898)

    • In April 1898, President McKinley abandoned his failed diplomatic efforts and asked Congress for permission to intervene in Cuba.

    More than mckinley bargained for
    More than McKinley bargained for:

    • April 1898, finally asks Congress to authorize invasion of Cuba

    • Congress approves, AND ALSO create a resolution recognizing Cuban independence from Spain.

    • Spain declares war on the US, April 24, 1989

    Analysis judge cartoon
    Analysis: Judge Cartoon

    Manila bay philippines
    Manila Bay, Philippines

    • What Happened at Manila Bay?

    • Surprise naval attack by the US sunk the crumbling Spanish Navy

    • Made Americans feel very superior

    Commodore george dewey
    Commodore George Dewey

    • First Action:

    • May 1,— Commodore Dewey and his Asiatic Squadron defeated the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay

    • During and after the war, George Dewey became one of the war's most celebrated heroes

    Rough riders
    Rough Riders

    • Who were the Rough Riders? Who was their leader?

    • Teddy Roosevelt resigns as Asst Secy of the Navy to lead a “Cowboy Calvary”

    • Brought his own photographer

    • Teddy’s popularity from this leads to his becoming v.p. and president

    Tr s rough riders
    TR’s Rough Riders

    • What famous Battle did they participate in?

    • The charge on San Juan Hill

    • One of the only land battles in Cuba

    • African Americans also helped but get no credit

    Theodore roosevelt assistant secretary of the navy
    Theodore Roosevelt Assistant Secretary of the Navy

    • “I should welcome almost any war, for I think this country needs one”

    • First Volunteer Cavalry, nicknamed the "Rough Riders.“


    • US defeats Spain & becomes a world power

    • Teddy Roosevelt elected Vice President in 1900 and becomes President in 1901 when McKinley is shot

    • US must decide what to do about Spain’s former colonies

    • (Philippines, Puerto Rico, Guam, Cuba)

    Thinking slide1
    Thinking Slide

    Do you think the war was a good idea?