Myers exploring psychology 6th edition in modules
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Myers EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (6th Edition in Modules). Module 26 Sexual Motivation James A. McCubbin , PhD Clemson University Linda Zimmerman Oakton Community College Worth Publishers. Sexual Knowledge Quiz. http://www.healthunit.com/article.aspx?ID=15160. Sexual Motivation.

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Myers EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (6th Edition in Modules)

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Myers exploring psychology 6th edition in modules

Myers EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (6th Edition in Modules)

Module 26

Sexual Motivation

James A. McCubbin, PhD

Clemson University

Linda Zimmerman

Oakton Community College

Worth Publishers


Sexual knowledge quiz

Sexual Knowledge Quiz

  • http://www.healthunit.com/article.aspx?ID=15160


Sexual motivation

Sexual Motivation

Sex is a physiologically based motive, like hunger, but it is more affected by learning and values.


Sexual response cycle

Sexual Response Cycle

  • Masters and Johnson (N= 382 f and 312 m)the four stages of sexual responding

    • excitement

    • plateau

    • orgasm

    • resolution

  • Refractory Period

    • resting period after orgasm, during which a

    • man cannot achieve another orgasm


Sexual disorder

Sexual Disorder

…a problem that consistently impairs sexual arousal or functioning

Can include:

lack of motivation, arousal

Premature ejaculation (men)

Erectile dysfunction (men)

Orgasmic dysfunction (women)

Treatments:

Sexual therapy

Medication


Estrogen

Estrogen

  • a sex hormone, secreted in greater amounts by females than by males

    • in nonhuman females, levels peak during ovulation, promoting sexual receptivity


Testosterone

Testosterone

  • most important of the male sex hormones

  • both males and females have it

  • extra testosterone in males:

    • stimulates growth of sex organs in the fetus

    • development of the male sex characteristics during puberty


Forces affecting sexual motivation

Forces Affecting Sexual Motivation


Births to unwed parents

Births to Unwed Parents


Sexual orientation

Sexual Orientation

  • an enduring sexual attraction toward:

    • members of one’s own sex (homosexual orientation)

    • Members of the other sex (heterosexual orientation)


Brain differences

Brain Differences

  • On the average (the evidence is strongest for males), various biological and behavioral traits of gays and lesbians fall between those of straight men and straight women.


Brain differences1

Brain Differences

  • One hypothalmic cell cluster is larger in straight men than in women and gay men, same difference is found in male sheep displaying other-sex versus same-sex attraction.

  • Anterior commissure is larger in gay men than in women or straight men.


Genetic influences

Genetic Influences

  • Shared sexual orientation is higher among identical twins than among fraternal twins.

  • Sexual attraction in male fruit flies can be genetically manipulated.

    http://clipsforclass.com/sexuality.php


Prenatal hormonal influences

Prenatal Hormonal Influences

  • Altered prenatal hormone exposure may lead to homosexuality in humans and other animals.

  • Men with several older brothers are more likely to be gay.


Myers exploring psychology 6th edition in modules

Brain differences and prenatal influences may contribute to observed gay-straight differences in childrens’:


Views of homosexuality

Views of Homosexuality


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