Geography
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Geography. A look at our home planet, Earth. Geography i s the study of. Earth’s physical features. An important tool used to study geography is a. Map!. Cardinal Directions. Compass Rose. Prime Meridian. Map reading is an important skill, with a vocabulary all its own!. Longitude.

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Geography

A look at our home planet, Earth


Geography is the study of

Earth’s physical features



Map reading is an important skill with a vocabulary all its own

Cardinal Directions

Compass Rose

Prime Meridian

Map reading is an important skill, with a vocabulary all its own!

Longitude

The Equator

Latitude

Lines of Parallel


Cardinal Directions

are North, East,

South and

West.


Cardinal Directions are shown on a map as a compass rose.


Latitude

is shown on a map as a horizontal

line.


Lines of Latitude are parallel lines.

They go around, but never touch

or intersect each other.


The Equator is a line of latitude which is the midway point between the northern and southern hemispheres


Longitude is a vertical line seen on a globe or

map. The long

lines goes

top to bottom.



Latitude and Longitude

work together on a map or globe

to find exact locations.


It may look like this



Something New For You!

Each half of the Earth is called a Hemisphere

And Hemispheres are our next set of lessons!


We live in the

Western Hemisphere

We live here ->


TheWestern Hemisphere begins at 0 degrees longitude, (the PRIME MERIDIAN).

It includes North and SouthAmerica.


North and South America make up half the world, a hemisphere.

It is known as the Western Hemisphere.


North America is a continent made of 7 small countries of Central America and 3 large countries, which are Canada, Mexico and the United States.

Western Hemisphere

But Hemispheres are another lesson


America is a country located on the continent of North America


Canada is another country found on the continent of North America. It is northof the United States.


Mexico is another country located on the continent of North America. It is southof the United States.


REVIEW: The continent of North America

Is made of 3 large countries

And 7 smaller countries of Central America

Canada

America

Mexico


Mexico is a country of North American continent

And it is the

northern most country in the region of

Latin America.


Latin America

Is also in the Western Hemisphere

the Caribbean Islands

the Caribbean Islands

Middle America,

and South America.

Middle America

Latin America

Is made up of

3 regions:

South America

1. Middle America

2. Caribbean Islands

3. South America


The most northern region of Latin America is Middle America.

Latin America

Latin America

Latin America

Middle America is made up of Mexico and seven nations south of it.


The most northern region of Latin America is Middle America.

1

1

Middle America

is made up of Mexico and seven nations south of it.

1

1

1

1

1

1

Let’s use this slide and use our geography skills to map out Middle America by answering questions 32 A – F.


Middle America forms a crooked, narrow isthmus

in southern most part of Central America.

The most northern region of Latin America is Middle America.

Middle America is made up of Mexico and seven nations south of it.

An isthmus is a thin piece of land surrounded by water on two sides.

1.

2. 3.

4. 5.

6.

7.

It usually connects two larger land masses.

The Isthmus of Panama connects North America to South America.


In Class Quiz!

Use the compass rose to help answer questions 38 – 44 on your study guide.

North America 

The Isthmus of Panamaconnects

North America to South America.

  • South

  • America

  • A continentwhich is in Latin America and the Western Hemisphere


North and South America are two of the world’s 7 continents.

A continent is one of seven major land masses on the earth. There are seven continents - Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America.


In a while continents.

Crocodile!


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