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States of Consciousness. Does consciousness exist? If so, how do we study it? Consciousness looked at as a p sychological Construct – a concept used to talk about something we can’t see, touch or measure. 2 main meanings. 1) Consciousness as sensory awareness.

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Does consciousness exist? If so, how do we study it?

  • Consciousness looked at as a psychological Construct – a concept used to talk about something we can’t see, touch or measure
2 main meanings
2 main meanings
  • 1) Consciousness as sensory awareness.
    • Awareness of your environment
  • 2) Consciousness as direct inner awareness
    • Imagination
    • Awareness of feelings, memories
levels of consciousness
Levels of Consciousness
  • 1) Consciousness – regular awareness
  • 2) Preconscious – not in your awareness currently, but can recall answers if you need to by diverting inner awareness or attention
  • 3) Unconscious – also known as subconscious
    • Freud suggested that the subconscious is unavailable to awareness most of the time
    • Defense Mechanisms
  • 4) Non-conscious – basic biological functions
defense mechanisms
Defense Mechanisms
  • Painful, problematic memories are hidden in subconscious
  • Some impulses are considered unacceptable
  • We bury these problems so that we are unaware of them at a conscious level
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Repression – takes anxiety causing ideas and pushes them into the subconscious, occasionally they burst out in a different form.

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Rationalization – uses self-deception to justify unacceptable behavior or ideas

    • Sour grapes is a type of rationalization
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Displacement – transfer of idea or impulse from threatening or unsuitable object to less threatening object

    • Boss yells at you – you yell at spouse – spouse kicks dog
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Projection – project impulses or anxieties outward unto others. People see their faults in others.

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Compensation – a person makes up for felt defect (real or imagined) by striving extra hard in another area

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