States of consciousness
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States of Consciousness. Does consciousness exist? If so, how do we study it? Consciousness looked at as a p sychological Construct – a concept used to talk about something we can’t see, touch or measure. 2 main meanings. 1) Consciousness as sensory awareness.

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States of Consciousness

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States of consciousness

States of Consciousness


States of consciousness

  • Does consciousness exist? If so, how do we study it?

  • Consciousness looked at as a psychological Construct – a concept used to talk about something we can’t see, touch or measure


2 main meanings

2 main meanings

  • 1) Consciousness as sensory awareness.

    • Awareness of your environment

  • 2) Consciousness as direct inner awareness

    • Imagination

    • Awareness of feelings, memories


Levels of consciousness

Levels of Consciousness

  • 1) Consciousness – regular awareness

  • 2) Preconscious – not in your awareness currently, but can recall answers if you need to by diverting inner awareness or attention

  • 3) Unconscious – also known as subconscious

    • Freud suggested that the subconscious is unavailable to awareness most of the time

    • Defense Mechanisms

  • 4) Non-conscious – basic biological functions


Defense mechanisms

Defense Mechanisms

  • Painful, problematic memories are hidden in subconscious

  • Some impulses are considered unacceptable

  • We bury these problems so that we are unaware of them at a conscious level


States of consciousness

  • Repression – takes anxiety causing ideas and pushes them into the subconscious, occasionally they burst out in a different form.


States of consciousness

  • Rationalization – uses self-deception to justify unacceptable behavior or ideas

    • Sour grapes is a type of rationalization


States of consciousness

  • Displacement – transfer of idea or impulse from threatening or unsuitable object to less threatening object

    • Boss yells at you – you yell at spouse – spouse kicks dog


States of consciousness

  • Regression – return to behavior characteristic of an earlier stage of development


States of consciousness

  • Projection – project impulses or anxieties outward unto others. People see their faults in others.


States of consciousness

  • Reaction formation acting contrary to genuine feelings to keep feelings hidden.


States of consciousness

  • Denial – refuse to accept reality


States of consciousness

  • Sublimation – Channeling aggressive or unacceptable ideas or traits into acceptable behavior


States of consciousness

  • Compensation – a person makes up for felt defect (real or imagined) by striving extra hard in another area


States of consciousness

  • Conversion – expresses emotional conflicts through physical symptoms


States of consciousness

  • Fantasy – daydreaming, flight of fancy


States of consciousness

  • Defense mechanisms are common – abnormal only when it is excessive

  • Are they helpful or harmful?


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